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Neurological System

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Frederick Miller

on 5 November 2015

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Transcript of Neurological System

Neurological System
Auburn University
RSED-6016 Fall 2015


Frederick Miller
Brooke Ayoub
Andrew Stewart

Structures of the Nervous System
Nerve Cells
Central Nervous System
Structure and Function of the Brain
Brain Stem
Cerebellum
Occipital Lobe
Wernicke's Area
Parietal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Broca's Area
Temporal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Broca's Area
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Wernicke's Area
Occipital Lobe
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Structure and Function of Spinal Cord
Structure and Function of the Peripheral Nervous System
Rounded structure behind the brain stem

Accounts for 11% of the whole brain

Mainly concerned with posture and balance

Coordination of movement
Nervous System: Is a complex regulatory system

Endocrine System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System




Endocrine System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent (sensory) System
Efferent (motor) System
Function of the Nervous System
The brain, sensory organs, spinal cord, and all the nerves that connect to these organs to the rest of the body are responsible for the control of the body and communication of its parts.
Neurons
Functional units
Dendrites
Impulses toward the cell body
Afferent Neurons (sensory neurons)
Fibers carry information from body to brain
Efferent Neurons (motor neurons)
Fibers carry information from brain to body
Myelin
Fatty sheath
Neurotransmitters
Tip of axon, tiny processes of chemicals being release
Synapse
Transfer the impulse from one neuron from the other neruron

Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Membrane
Pia Mater
White Matter

In the living brain, contains the cell bodies, dendrites and axon terminals of neurons, so it is where all synapses are.
Gray Matter

Made of axons connecting different parts of grey matter to each other.
All the glands and hormones produced by the glands

Controlled by stimulation of the nervous system and chemical receptors in the blood.

Glands help to maintain the body's homeostasis.


Includes the brian, sensory organs, and spinal cord

Nerves Fibers extending from brain to spinal cord which carry information to the rest of the body


Carries messages from other parts of the body
TO
the central nervous system
Carries messages
FROM
the central nerous system to other parts of the body
Most basic region, yet most vital

Connect brain and spinal cord

Maintains control of heart and lungs

Cooridinates many important reflexes
One of four major lobes in cerebral cortex

Major center for visual processing

Visional perception and color recognition
Frontal part of the left hemisphere of the brain

Contains motor neurons involved in the control of speech
Falvo, D.R. (2014). Medical and psychosocial aspects of chronic illness and disabiliy
Falvo, D.R. (2014). Medical and psychosocial aspects of chronic illness and disabiliy
Falvo, D.R. (2014). Medical and psychosocial aspects of chronic illness and disabiliy
Functional Neurology and Evolution of Neuroscience
Freud, P. (2012, 08 21). What is Functional Neurology? Retrieved from https:// www.youtube.com/ watch?v=zwZ9tlug Jic
The Neuron
Neuroscientifically Challenged (2014, 07 22). 2-Minute Neuroscience: The Neuron Retrieved from https:// www.youtube.com/ watch?v=6qS83w D29PY
GREY AND WHITE MATTER. (n.d.). Retrieved October 30, 2015, from http://www.indiana.edu/~p1013447/dictionary/greywhit.htm
To relay messages from the brain to different parts of the body

To pass along messages from sensory receptors found all over the body

To coordinate reflexes
To relay information to and from your central nervous system
Command center for the Nervous system

Receives input from sensory organs and sends output to muscles

Region of the brain that contains motor neurons involved in the comprehension of speech.
Processes information about temperature, taste, touch and movement, and spatial orientation
Important for cognitive functions and decision-making
Processes memories, integrating them with sensations of taste, sound, sight, touch and emotional experience.
Yogic with Parasymphetic System
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
Protected and Cushioned
Ventricles
Inner chambers within center of the brain

www.innerbody.com, HowToMedia, Inc., (2015)
www.innerbody.com, HowToMedia, Inc., (2015)
www.livescience.com, TechMediaNetwork, Inc., (2015)
www.innerbody.com, HowToMedia, Inc., (2015)
www.biology. about.com, Advertising and Press Kit (2015)
www,biology.about.com,, Advertising and Press Kir (2015)
www.biology.about.com Advertising and Press Kit, (2015)
www.britannica.com, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. (2015)
www.britannica.com, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2015)
www.biology.about.com, Advertising
Falvo, D.R. (2014). Medical and psychosocial aspects of chronic illness and disabiliy
http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/PNS.html
Medical Quotes About Nervous. (n.d.). Retrieved October 26 , 2015, from http://quotesgram.com/medical-quotes-about-nervous/
Central Nervous System and Parts of Brain. (2015). Retrieved October 26, 2015, from http://www.tutorvista.com/content/biology/biology-ii/control-and-coordination/central-nervous-system.php
Falvo, D.R. (2014). Medical and psychosocial aspects of chronic illness and disabiliy
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