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Entertainment in Elizabethan England

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Kira Katrina Liven

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Entertainment in Elizabethan England

Entertainment in Elizabethan England
Entertainment in Elizabethan England
Theatre in Shakespeare's time
Shakespeare's influence
Popular entertainment:
- Chess
- Checkers
- Tennis
- Reading (for the wealthy and literate)
- Tournaments of fencing and hunting
- Bear-baiting (and bull-baiting)
- Dances
- Festivals
- Theatre
Problems the Theatre encountered
The Theatre
Beginning of Theatre
First plays were produced and performed in Inn Yards
A regular attendance of 500 people
Plays were very popular and big money could be made
Theatre in Shakespeare's time
- Performed in inns, private theatres, provincial theatres
- Stages were in open air
- Performed in the afternoon
- The audience was allowed to talk, drink, eat
- Women never acted in plays, so men (usually apprentices) played the girl characters
- Dialogue was the most important part, not scenery
Purpose of Theatre
His works
- Basic human themes
- Power
- Greed
- Love
- Discrimination
- Hatred
- Despair
- Will be relevant throughout time
- Relevant to all humans
- For all who feel these themes
- One of the first authors to use modern prose in his writing
- Became more and more popular, and he began to use it more in his writing
- Fluidity of thought, word, rhythm and sound
- Seems complex, although still understandable even if you do not study it
- One line can have several meanings and gives insight onto the character and/or plot
- Made up words and grammar that has stuck so much, we use it today as everyday words
• Amazement
• Dislocate
• Premeditated
• Dexterously
• Lackluster
• Using some nouns as verbs
- Easy to memorize

- He saw the people's attitude towards theatre
- Helped the evolution of modern plays
- His works are one of the basic foundations of modern literature
- Influenced many other writers and actors who were very important
James Burbage:
Actor turned entrepreneur
Staged many plays
Was first to build purposely built plays
Constructed the "Theatre" which was the very first theatre
When Burbage died in 1594 his sons took over the Theatre
They dismantled the "Theatre" because their lease expeired and used the extra materials to build the "Globe"
How Play companies worked
- There was no stage crew, and the actors had to do everything themselves
- Organized by acting companies
o Companies were owned by shareholders and managers
• Responsible for everything
• Got most of the money
• Sometimes even owned their own buildings
o Actors worked for the managers, sometimes became permanent members of the company
o Apprentices were young boys allowed to play menial roles or females
o Most important companies in London at the time:
• Lord Chamberlain’s Men
• Admiral’s Men
- Also used for:
- Activities
- Tragedies
- Comedies
- Historical moments
- Fencing matches
- Baiting bears and bulls
- Writers wrote plays for the masses, to tell stories to those who did not know how to read
How Shakespeare changed Theatre
- Viewed as a public health threat and a bad influence (religiously) by authorities
- Was banned in the city during outbreaks of plague
- Players were not thought of too highly
- Although the middle class still considered the theatre favored by the royalty
- Many theatres were made outside the city, which was considered unsafe
The Globe
- 1599 - Made for Burbage
- Hexagonal structure w/ inner court (55ft across)
- 3 stories high, no roof
- Could hold more than 1500 people
- Built by Burbage
- First play house in London
- Housed play groups such as the Lord Chamberlain's Men which included Shakespeare
Mabillard, Amanda. Entertainment in Elizabethan England Shakespeare Online. 20 Aug. 2000. < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/faq/entertainment.html>.
Lawrence, W. J. "The Elizabethan playhouse, and other studies." Stratford: Shakespeare head press, 1912. Shakespeare Online. 18 Dec. 2011. < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/theatre/innyardsexp.html >.
Mabillard, Amanda. Shakespeare as Actor and Playwright. Shakespeare Online. 12 Nov. 2000. < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/shakespeareactor.html >.
"English Online." Theatre in the Age of Shakespeare. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014. <http://www.english-online.at/history/elizabethan-theatre/shakespeares-theatre.htm>.
"Elizabethan Entertainment." Elizabethan Entertainment. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-entertainment.htm>.
"Elizabethan Music." ELIZABETHAN MUSIC. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-music.htm>.
"Elizabethan Theatre." ELIZABETHAN THEATRE. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-theatre.htm>.
"Entertainment in Elizabethan England - Bear Baiting, Chess, and More." Entertainment in Elizabethan England - Bear Baiting, Chess, and More. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.shakespeare-online.com/faq/entertainment.html>.
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