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Di Consentes

Exploring the 12 Great Gods of Ancient Rome, as they were provided by the poet Ennius.

Joshua Bland

on 2 May 2016

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Transcript of Di Consentes

Di Consentes

Their shared temples were called the Capitolia, copying the hill and temple at Rome.
The Capitoline Triad
identified with Greek Zeus
identified with Egyptian Amon
originally a sky god, controlling weather
a place struck by lightning was sacred to Jupiter
patron of the Roman state
celebrated in numerous festivals and the Ludi Romani on 13 September
identified with Greek goddess Hera
identified with Etruscan Uni
wife of Jupiter
often represented as a goddess of fertility and childbirth
the Kalends of every month was sacred to Juno
originally the Etruscan goddess Minerva
identified with the Greek Athena
a goddess of crafts and trade guilds, including poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts, and magic
patron of artisans and doctors
festivals on 19 March, 19 June, and 13 September
identified with the Greek god Ares
Italian god of agriculture and guardian of fields and boundaries
because of Greek association, assumed the role of a war god
patron of the army
the wolf and woodpecker were his sacred animals
celebrated in numerous festivals
originally Italian goddess of the fertility of vegetable gardens
identified with Greek Aphrodite, and acquired her mythology as a goddess of love and beauty
a consort of Mars
worshipped as the universal mother on 26 September
Greek god never fully identified with a Roman god
first introduced as a god of healing, he became a god of oracles and prophecies, as well as of hunting, music, and poetry
“to drink the waters of Castalia” (a nymph in Greek mythology pursued by Apollo--- threw herself into the spring on Mt. Parnassus) signified poetic inspiration
games took place at Rome in his honor during July, along with a festival on 23 September
goddess native of Italy, who presided over wild nature and woods
identified with the Greek Artemis- came to be regarded primarily as a goddess of hunting, of the moon, and a protector of women
sometimes conflated with Celtic hunting goddesses such as Abnoba and Arduinna
had a festival at Rome on 13 August
goddess of cereal crops who represented the regenerative power of nature
identified with Greek Demeter
associated with the earth goddess Tellus
her festival, the Cerialia, was 12-19 April
a fast was usually held in honor of Ceres on 4 October
Goddess of the hearth fire
Identified with Hestia, the Greek goddess of the hearth
In early Rome, the family in each household would gather at the hearth daily to perform a sacrifice to Vesta
Served by the Vestal Virgins
A messenger and a god of trade, particularly of grain, and a god of abundance and commercial success
Identified with Greek Hermes
Often depicted bearing a caduceus (a herald’s staff with two entwined snakes) and wearing a winged hat and winged shoes
celebrated at a festival on 15 May
ancient Italian god of water
identified with Greek Poseidon and so came to be regarded as a Sea God
patron of seafarers
also associated with Roman god Consus
his festival, the Neptunalia, was on 23 July
early Roman god of fire and, by extension, of the smithy
identified with the Greek Haephestus
father of Cacus, a monster from Roman myth who breathed fire and was killed by Hercules
celebrated at festivals on 23 May and 23 August
Adkins, Lesley, and Roy Adkins. Handbook to Life in
Ancient Rome. New York: Facts on File, 2005.

Scheid, John, and Janet Lloyd. An Introduction to
Roman Religion. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2003.
Kindle edition.

All images found through Google Images.
Full transcript