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PSYC 1001 - Psych Disorders Ch 13

Psychological Disorders
by

Lisa Smith

on 12 December 2018

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Transcript of PSYC 1001 - Psych Disorders Ch 13

Psychological Disorders
Chapter 12
What is Normal?
Psychological
Disorder
Medical Model
Physical causes are associated with psychological disorders which can be:
Diagnosed
Treated &
Cured (possibly)
History of Abnormal Behavior
Evil Spirits
Dunking Stool Tests
Witch Craft
Asylums
Torture
No Light/No Heat
Philipe Pinel
1792
Sickness of Mind
Anxiety
Distressing
Irrational fear
Paralyzing or unreasonable
Maladaptive behaviors
Generalized: six months of excessive worry – Free Floating
Panic: intense dread, worry, choking, chest pain
Phobia: persistant irrational fear, avoidance of objects or situations
Thousands identified
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:
Obsession: persistent repetitious thoughts and worries
Compulsion: repeated acts
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
haunting memories from a traumatic experience
nightmares
social withdrawal
jumpy anxiety
emotional numbness
insomnia for four weeks or more
Substance Use & Abuse
Tolerance
Addiction
Once known as multiple personality or split personality disorder.
Two separate and distinct personalities exist
Primary personality is often unaware of the other personalities
Types of personalities
Animals, opposite sex, aliens
Lost periods of time
Dissociate from the body
DID - Dissociative Disorder
Mood Disorders
Depression
low serotonin
low dopamine levels
Depressed mood
Lack of interest
Limited social contact
Discouraged
Suicidal
Lack of sleep
Low self-esteem
Bipolar
Depression
Mania - high dopamine
High energy
Elevated mood
Hyperactivity
Irritability
Sexuality
Religiosity
Talkative
Delusional
Schizophrenia Spectrum
Perceptions:
hallucinations

Language:
disorganized, logic is impaired

Thought:
delusions

Emotion:
flat affect or
inappropriate affect

Behavior:
immobile
flexibility
Disturbances
Personality Disorders
Maladaptive functioning
Social
Occupational

Charismatic
Manipulative
Ruthless
Lack remorse/regret
Lack conscience
Selfish
Violate social norms
Recognize weakness in others
Persuasive
Impulsive

Antisocial/Sociopath
Impulsive
Instability of Mood
Instability of lifestyle
Lack strong relationships
Self-Harm (cutting)
Suicidal
Low self-esteem
Depression

Borderline
Need for admiration
Grandiose sense of self-importance
Lacks empathy
Interpersonally exploitive
Arrogance
Sense of entitlement

Narcissistic
Students -

After viewing the in-class movie, answer the following questions:

What are the symptoms defined by the DSM-V and the code associated with anti-social personality disorder.
Explain the difference between a psychopath and sociopath.
Using examples from each movie, compare the behaviors of Chikatilo and Shawcross and determine which one is a psychopath/sociopath.
What behaviors help define a serial killers?
Is Sagawa a serial killer?

Disturbance in a person's thoughts, feelings or behaviors:
Impairments-
personal
social
occupational
Case Study-
Cannibal Killers (Movie)
Chikatilo, Dahmer,
shawcross, sagawa
Depressants
reduce neural activity
slow bodily functions
Benzodiazepines: Xanax, Klonopin, Halcion & Librium
Barbiturates: Amytal, Nembutal and Seconal, are classed as barbiturates (sedatives and sleeping pills)
Alcohol
Opioids
Stimulants
excite neural activity
speed-up bodily functions
Amphetamine
Methamphetamine MDMA
Cocaine
Flakka - MDPK, MDPV (cathinones)
Crack Cocaine
Adderall/Concerta/Strattera & Ritalin
Caffeine
Nicotine
Hallucinogens
Distort perceptions
Evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input
LSD
Magic Mushrooms - Psilocybin
Ketamine - Special K
Peyote
Eating Disorders
anorexia nervosa
bulimia nervosa
binge-eating disorder
Full transcript