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Transcript of The 1940s
Censorship in 1940s Cinema
Goals were to achieve:
Portray things that would fit the standard of societies
Promote a certain way of lifestyle
Middle class taste
Negative Impacts of Censorship
No full exposure of the truth
Hides real goals and plans of the government
Distraction from current events
Lack of diversity, intellectual growth, representation
Promotes taboos, misjudgment, marginalization, discrimination
Diminishes freedom of speech
http://www.artsreformation.com/a001/hays-code.html - Hays Code
http://studiosystem.weebly.com/the-studios.html - big five
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000012/bio - Bette davis
https://www.biography.com/people/john-wayne-9525664- John wayne
https://www.biography.com/people/gregory-peck-9436049 - Gregory Peck
Throughout the Golden Era of Hollywood, there were Eight Studios which were commonly known as "The Majors". Out of these eight Studios, the most successful ones were regarded as "The Big Five", while the least successful were regarded as "The Little Three", or the "Minor Majors".
This decade was the time of World War II. Important topics and unspoken subject matters were becoming known to the public. One way this decade achieved this was through the art of filmmaking. However, there were many obstacles to this, including censorship.
Je'Aunna, Falinda, Yaquelin
Golden Age of Hollywood
The Golden Age of Hollywood began when the first major feature-length silent movie was made in 1915. The movie was called the 'Birth of a Nation' was based on the novel 'The Clansman' by Thomas Dixon.The movie was directed by D. W. Griffith who co-wrote the screenplay. The silent movie lasted for 133 minutes and made massive profits of $10,000,000. The movie caused huge controversy and brought the full realization of the Power of the Movies to America. The movie glorified the original Ku Klux Klan which resulted in the rebirth of the 1920s KKK and brought protests by the NAACP with riots in Boston and Philadelphia.
The Little Three
Will H. Hays
President of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) 1922-1945
Established the guidelines for many film production in terms of censorship
Many films adopted his codes soon after he created them
His codes became a government regulation for films, meaning they had to make sure it followed all the rules before it could be released to the public.
The Big Five
Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis born on April 5th 1908. Her parents divorced when she was 10. She and her sister were raised by their mother. She enjoyed dancing but turned to acting. After graduation from Cushing Academy, she was not accepted to Eva Le Gallienne's Manhattan Civic Repertory. She enrolled in John Murray Anderson's Dramatic School and was the star pupil.
World War 2 (1939-1945) interrupted the Golden Age of Hollywood as famous movie stars joined the armed forces including Henry Fonda,Clark Gable, Jackie Coogan, James Stewartand Douglas Fairbanks. Propaganda movie shorts were produced such as Winning Your Wings, Combat America and Mission Accomplished.
Golden Age of Hollywood continued with famous movies in the 1940s including Casablanca (1942), The Philadelphia Story (1940), Double Indemnity (1944), Citizen Kane (1941), The Third Man (1949) and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) which was the most successful film of the decade.
John wayne was born May 26 1907. In high school, Wayne excelled in his classes and in many different activities, including student government and football. He also participated in numerous student theatrical productions. He received a football scholarship but two years later he had an injury that ended the scholarship
Gregory was born April 5th 1916. His parents split up when he was 3 he grew up with his mother then went with his dad for high school. He attended Sand diego High school. After graduating, Peck enrolled in the pre-med program at the University of California, Berkeley. It was there that he became interested in acting and appeared in several school plays. By the time he graduated in 1939, he had abandoned his plans to become a doctor and headed to New York.