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Transcript of Eating Disorders
UNIVERSITY OF PORTLAND
Sally Cook What risk factors
contribute to the development of adolescent eating disorders? Eating disorders develop from a variety of different situations and characteristics rather than from one singular event or trait. In western culture, some of the biggest risk factors include PARENTING SYTLES, ETHNICITY, MEDIA, PEER INFLUENCE, PERSONALITY TYPE, and GENDER WHAT WE LEARNED: Primary socialization of children
Single parent homes
Negative comments from mothers
Shape eating habits from a young age PARENTS Western cultures have higher rates than nonwestern cultures
Western cultures also have higher rates as people approach ages 17-21
Eating problems among Asian cultures are less frequent than most other cultures ETHNICITY Big influence comes from amount of time spent reading/watching things about beauty & appearance
Amount of TV not influential, but content of program is
Western Culture MEDIA Peers are highly influential
Priorities of friend groups contribute to eating disorders
Bullying PEER INFLUENCE Low self esteem
Genetics PERSONALITY TYPE Females are more likely than males
Females who reach puberty early
Males involved in extreme workouts GENDER Can physically stunt growth
Physically and mentally unhealthy
Issues can carry on into adulthood = lifelong struggle ...SO WHAT? Holistic care
Look for these risk factors
Take family situations, personalities, etc. into account when assessing clients (instead of just physical symptoms)
Be aware that it is a PHYSICAL and MENTAL disease WHAT CAN NURSES
DO TO HELP? Why is this important in human growth and development? Baker, J., Mitchell, K., Neale, M., & Kendler, K. (2010). Eating disorder symptomatology and substance use disorders: Prevalence and shared risk in a population based twin sample. International Journal Of Eating Disorders, 43(7), 648-658.We developed the core question, "What risk factors contribute to the development of adolescent eating disorders?" After looking at the articles below we believe that eating disorders tend to have several contributing factors including ethnicity, family life and relationship with parents, family history, temperament and anxiety levels as well as risk seeking behavior.Review ArticlesEnten, R., & Golan, M. (2008). Parenting styles and weight-related symptoms and behaviors with recommendations for practice. Nutrition Reviews, 66(2), 65-75ResearchWonderlich, S., Connolly, K., & Stice, E. (2004). Impulsivity as a risk factor for eating disorder behavior: assessment implications with adolescents. International Journal Of Eating Disorders, 36(2), 172-182.Linville, D., Stice, E., Gau, J., & O'Neil, M. (2011). Predictive effects of mother and peer influences on increases in adolescent eating disorder risk factors and symptoms: A 3-year longitudinal study. International Journal Of Eating Disorders, 44(8), 745-751. doi:10.1002/eat.20907Haudek, C., Rorty, M., & Henker, B. (1999). The role of ethnicity and parental bonding in the eating and weight concerns of Asian-American and Caucasian college women. International Journal Of Eating Disorders, 25(4), 425-433.Risk factors for the onset of eating disorders in adolescent girls: results of the McKnight Longitudinal Risk Factor Study. (2003). American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(2), 248-254.Martínez-González, M., Gual, P., Lahortiga, F., Alonso, Y., de Irala-Estévez, J., & Cervera, S. (2003). Parental factors, mass media influences, and the onset of eating disorders in a prospective population-based cohort. Pediatrics, 111(2), 315-320.Croll, J., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Ireland, M. (2002). Prevalence and risk and protective factors related to disordered eating behaviors among adolescents: relationship to gender and ethnicity. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 31(2), 166-175.