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Formal speech and good interview techniques

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by

Richard Kirk

on 18 February 2014

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Transcript of Formal speech and good interview techniques

Formal speech and good interview techniques
Formal speech and writing
All of us use
formal
speech and writing at some point in our lives. We change the way we speak and the way we write to suit certain circumstances.

For example, we would speak differently to a police officer or our local Councillor than we would to our friends and family.
Spotting the difference
It can sometimes be hard to spot the difference between formal speech and writing and its opposite,
informal
speech and writing.

One of the main differences is that with formal speech and writing you don't shorten words like I just did. I changed
do not
to
don't
. This is called a
contraction
.

Formal speech and writing does not use
slang
or contractions.
Interviews
One of the most common places where we would use formal speech and writing is in the workplace. However, before you get a job you have to go through the
interview
.

I know some people in the group already have jobs but what if you were ever looking for a different job? Good interview techniques, along with formal speech and writing, are good skills to have in general.
Making a good impression
When going for an interview, whether it is for a job or a place on a course, it is important to make a
good impression
. Formal speech and writing and good interview techniques can help you with this.

Firstly, we will start with the
application letter
. You will not even get to the interview stage if your letter does not make a good impression.
Writing a formal
letter
Type your letters. If you need to, have someone type it up for you.
Always
check your
spelling and punctuation
.
If you know the name of the person whom you are writing to, call them
Mr/Mrs/Ms
(whichever applies) and then their surname.
If you do not know the name of the person whom you are writing to then you put
Dear Sir
or
Dear Madam
.
If you do not know whether you are writing to a man or a woman you use
Dear Sir/Madam
.
Good interview techniques
Always
be on time. Arriving late for an interview is
never
a good start.
Dress smartly
. You want to make an impression with how you look as well as with what you say.
This is where to use formal speech. You do not have to sound like a different person, but you do need to be
polite
and speak clearly and confidently.
Remember, the interviewer is
not
there to be your friend so do not talk to them like one.
Formal speech in an interview
Always
speak clearly and confidently. If you mumble the interviewer may have to ask you to repeat yourself.
Never
use slang. Use the proper words for people, places and things.
Avoid using contractions. Instead of
don't
,
can't
and
should've
use
do not
,
cannot
and
should have
, etc.
The Do's of an interview
As well as using
formal speech
properly, be sure to show some
knowledge about the company
. This shows that you are interested in working there.
Never
be afraid to
ask questions
. This too shows interest and enthusiasm.
Make sure you look like you are
paying attention
. If you look bored this will count against you.
Above all,
stay calm and focussed
.
The Dont's of an interview
Never
ask about the pay or the holidays. It is considered bad manners.
Never
talk to the interviewer like they're your mate. Even if you do know them, an interview is a
formal
situation.
Never

ever
lie in an interview, especially not about your qualifications or job history. This will come back to bite you on the backside!
So, to recap...
As we have seen, the basic difference between
formal
and
informal
speech and writing is
how well we know someone
. The more we know someone, the more
informal
our speech and writing will become. The less we know them, the more
formal
our speech and writing will be.

We rarely, if ever, know the people who interview us so these situations will usually require
formal speech and writing
.
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