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Transcript of Meiji Restoration
1854 Perry returns
with 7 warships Signs to
'Treaty of Kanagawa' 1857 Townsend Harris closes trade treaties with bakufu. opening more ports, extraterritoriality rights, etc. 1858 Emporor disagrees to treaty and wants foreghners expelled. 1859 Trade begins in Kanagawa, Hokodate, Nagasaki keep friendly realtions with USA
open two ports (Shimoda, Hakodate) for trade
protection for American soldiers
accept American Consul to reside at Shimoda
grant US same privaleges given to other countries in future treaties. 1860- 1863 The Shi Shi stated a violent campaign agaisnt barbarians and killed many Western advisors and attacks ships. Western demanded heavy fines. Stain on shogunate's finances JAPANESE KOREAN MUSEUM OF THE Shogun the hereditary commander of Japanese army treaty of Edo or Harris Treaty 1890 The most important points were:
exchange of diplomatic agents
Edo, Kobe, Nagasaki, Niigata, and Yokohama’s opening to foreign trade as ports
ability of United States citizens to live and trade in those ports
a system of extraterritoriality that provided for the subjugation of foreign residents to the laws of their own consular courts instead of the Japanese law system SHINTO
A religion that follows the spirituality of Japan and the Japanese people.
mIlitary rank and title for military dictator of Japan. EMPEROR
Head of Japanese royal family and highset authority for Shinto religion. SAMURAI
warrior class in Japan. highest of four social classes. ZAIBATSU
Refers to the industrial and financial buissness of Japan.
COMMODOR MATHEW PERRY
Commodor whodemanding the openinf of Japan. SAIGO TAKAMORI
Influential Japanese samurai. led the imperial forces during the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, KIDO TAKAMORI
Japanese statesman, who wroked against Shoguns. OKUBO TOSHIMICHI
Japanese statesman. A samurai of Satsuma,one of the three nobles who lead resotoration. Unequal Treaties The Japanese government had been bullied into signing the treaties
the foreign countries did not give equal privileges
the treaties clearly favoured the interest of other nation Sino-Japanese War The first Sino-Japanese War was fought between the Qing Sdtnasty China and Meiji Japan, primarily over control of Korea Meiji Restoration Revolutionary period in Japanese history
Japan was thrust into themodern world in an attempt ro avoid Western dominance Russo-Japanese War
This is a battle that resulted when Russia did not recognize
Japan's unjustified occupation of Korea. Japan recognized
Russia's occupation of Manchuria and appealed that Korea
would be used for "strategic purposes" however this threatened
Russia's line of communication i.e. the railway from Dairen to
Clans from South-West Japan that were anti
- Tokugawa. They were angry at the Shogun
for signing foreign treaties without the
Emperor's permission. Their aim was to restore
the Emperor's power and expel the foreigners
settling in Japan. Many of them were Samurai
activists and joined the Shi-shi (men of
determination) Tosa-Hizen Alliance
- An alliance to abolish the shogunate, formed by the Tosa and Hizen clans from the southwest of Japan. This alliance later expanded to include the satsuma and chosu clans.
Appeal against the Shogun to bring back the
emperor and abolish the foreigners. The Satsuma
and Choshu clans who tried to dominate the
Imperial Court in Kyoto would cry these slogans
which translates into "Honour the Emperor" and
"Expel the Barbarians". These calls persuaded the
existing Shogun to promise for the expulsion of
the foreigners. The Charter Oath
Statement of Imperial Policy expressing the government's intention of modernizing Japan. Below are annotations of the articles included in the oath:
- Meetings where issues are discussed will be established and all matters will be settled by the public.
- Everyone from all the social classes will cooperate and unite with one another through the execution of government work.
- Lower income classes will have the access to any job he/she may desire regardless of the salary.
- Injust traditions will be abolished.
- Everyone has the right to education.
Genro A group that excercised collective leadershipin Japan of the Meiji period until c. 1938. In 1871, a Ministry of education was established to provide education ro all people in Japan, rgardless of their social class or gender. Rescript on Education Constitution of 1868 meiji Constitution was the fundimental law of the former state. Dajokan or Council of Seven Council of state of japanese imperial government during Nara and Heian period and restructed in Meiji Restoration. Treaty of Shimonoseki Peace onference to end the Sino-Japanese War. Constitution of the Empire of Japan 1889 Government under constituonal laws Satsuma Rebellion Revolt fof the Satsuma ex-samurai again Meiji government in 1877. Fukoku Kyohei
- New slogan adopted by the country. Emperor Meiji realized the importance of strengthening the military to protect the country and improve economy. It originates from the chinese saying meaning "rich country; strong military". The Japanese were frightened of the Western powers yet they admired their military achievements. Treaty of Portsmouth
Peace agreement proposed by the American President Theodore Roosevelt. signed by Russia and Japan at Portsmouth, New Hampshire in the USA. Brought the end of the Russo-Japanese war on September 5th 1905. It asked for:-
- Russia's recognition of Japan's interest in Korea.
- The Liaotung Peninsula to be given to Japan.
- Russia to release the South Manchurian Railway from its control and giveit to Japan.
- The possesion of the southern half of the Sakhalin Island by Japan.
- Both nations to not be involved in the development of Manchuria by China. Taisho
- The successor of Emperor Meiji, his son Yoshihito who was given the name Taisho meaning "Great Righteousness" during his reign.
- However he did not rule for long due to his poor mental health and inexperience Hatori Edict
- A declaration made in 1876 that the wearing of swords in
public is prohibited except on ceremonial occasions. It caused
some dissatisfaction among the samurai and is one of the many
examples of how Japan's culture westernized. Wakonyosai
- This is a slogan that translates as "Japanese spirit, Western learning.". It embodies the idea that many in the population believed that in order to be accepted by the powerful West, the Japanese must not only adopt Western science and technology, but ideas, food and fashion as well. It also expresses the keenness with which the Japanese adopted these ideas.