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Transcript of PARAMETRIC ARCHITECTURE
CONTENT OF PRESENTATION
FEW SENTENCES ABOUT SOFTWARE..
"There are 360 degrees so why stick to one"
Basically parametric design it's far more sophisticated than using computer instead of drawing board.
INTRODUCTION OF PARAMETRICISM
EXAMPLES OF PARAMETRICISM
What is parametric
here is no precise definition and there are other related terms and synonyms:
TRUE MEANING IN ARCHITECTURAL LINGO
A design of a building that is defined by its parameters.
It's an artistic architectural style which values form over functional for visual satisfaction.
Its an animated geometrical entity unlike rigid geometrical figures.
Creating a building on certain parameters
simulate energy usage
simulate water usage
few sentences about software
One of the earliest examples of parametric design was the upside down models of churches by Antonio Gaudi ( 1852-1926).
In his design for the Church of Colònia Güell he created a model of strings weighted down with birdshot to create complex vaulted ceilings and arches.
By adjusting the position of the weights or the length of the strings he could alter the shape of each arch and also see how this change influence the arches connected to it.
He used to place a mirror on the bottom of the model to see how it should look upside-down.
ArchiCAD offers computer aided solutions for handling all common aspects of aesthetics and engineering during the whole design process of the built environment — buildings, interiors, urban areas, etc.
Rhinoceros is used in processes of computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), rapid prototyping, 3D printing and reverse engineering in industries including architecture, industrial design, product design , as well as for multimedia and graphic design
CONCEPT AND DESIGN PRINCIPLES
PARAMETRIC MODELING IS THE INTEGRATION OF PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES INTO THE DESIGN PROCESS.
concept development in parametric design is done on some simple rules, which are as follow :
Imagining fuidity and shapes in a form which may create patterns and spaces. It's a fusion of shapes, nature and human body.
Finding the possibility of space and having the freedom to play.
Differentiating and transforming geometry and inventing it in different forms
Freedom to work around the techniques in computer graphics to observe a geometric and constructive sense and finding spaces
Handling curve shapes forms using relatively complex geometrically procedures.
Study the sensitivity of the shapes and fluids.
Form and function in parametric architecture
what if we life in a building without form?
"We shape our buildings thereafter they shape us"
"Form follows function"
-Louis Sullivan 1898
Wainwright Building, St. Louis City County, Missouri, USA.
"Form and function are one"
Fallingwater house, Pensylwania.
-Frank Lloyd wright 1867-1959
"Function follows form"
CONTRADICTION BETWEEN FORM AND FUNCTION IN ARCHITECTURE
forms powers function
first side :
Parametric architecture is form more than function
second side :
Parametric architecture is form that power function
In parametricism every fluid shape has function
In parametricism free posibility of spaces
found that forms powers function
ARCHITECTS INVOLVED WITH PARAMETRICISM
Born 28 February 1929 Canadian architect
His works are cited as being among the most important works of contemporary architecture
in the 2010 World Architecture Survey, which led Vanity Fair to label him as "the most important architect of our age".
Walt Disney Concert Hall
Los Angeles, California U.S.A.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Abando, Bilbao, Spain
The pioneer of parametic design
She creates designs out of fluids and geometric shapes with so much ease and elegance
Zaha Mohammad Hadid, born : 31 October 1950
She received the Pritzker, Architecture Prize in 2004—the first woman.
She is currently professor at the University of Applied Arts Vienna in Austria.
CASE STUDY I:
HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER
Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects
Location: Baku, Azerbaijan
Type: Museum, performance, hall, library
Cost: 250 milion $
beijing national stadium
architects : Herzog & de Meuron
head office in Basel, Switzerland
The ARC- River Culture Multimedia Theater Pavilion
Daegu, South Korea
Architects: Asymptote Architecture is an American architecture practice based in New York City, New York,
CATIA (Computer Aided three-dimensional Interactive Application)
started to be use in 1977 by French aircraft manufacturer
was used by architect Frank Gehry to design some of his award winning curvilinear buildings such as the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.
Autodesk 3DS Max
3ds Max is a sophisticated parametric 3D modeling software
provides a comprehensive modeling, animation, simulation, and rendering solution for games, film, and motion graphics artists
Grasshopper 3d ( originally Explicit History) is a plugin for Rhinoceros 3D that present the users with a visual programming language interface to create and edit geometry
Autodesk Revit is BIM (building information modeling) software used by architects and other building professionals
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Berlin
Parametric wall in Grasshopper
FOR YOUR ATTENTION