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Elements of Drama

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Gloria Richmond

on 13 March 2018

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Transcript of Elements of Drama

a performer can present in performance a role that represents an
abstract concept, stereotyped figure or person reduced to a particular
dominant trait (occupation, human condition or social vocation) that lacks
depth or a backstory normally present in a ‘Character’
A person or role in the drama that may have defined personal qualities and/or histories. Flat characters (or two dimensional characters) demonstrate a lack of depth or change in the course of a drama event.
Rounded characters (or three dimensional characters) feature more
elaborate and complex traits and histories and are changed by dramatic
action in the drama event.
refers to the qualities of the connection between two or more characters or roles.
That relationship may be fixed (largely
unchanged by the dramatic action) or variable (challenged or changed by the dramatic action).
The relationship may be cooperative (as in a
friendship), adversarial (as in enemies), neutral (neither positive nor negative) or non-existent (as in total strangers).
Those relationships will
be defined by shared interests, common objectives, cultural values and/or
human need.
Elements of Drama



drives the drama and keeps an audience interested.
The tension comes when opposing characters, dramatic action, ideas,
attitudes, values, emotions and desires are in conflict creating a problem
that needs to be resolved (or unresolved) through drama.

the condition or circumstances in which a character or
characters are presented often at the opening of a performance.
the place where dramatic action is situated and the qualities of that place including temperature, features, light levels, population levels and other environmental factors that may be presented to or imagined by
the characters/audience.
both the time of day, time of the year and time in history or the future. Time also reflects changes in time within a scene or drama event.
Time also refers to the flow of time over the length of a drama event: fragmented time, cyclical time, linear time and so forth.
referring to the use of spoken or written words that observe particular conventions and registers that communicate ideas,
feelings and other associations.
Texts refers to the use of published texts,
online materials and other compositions the reference of which adds
meaning to the drama.
symbolic parts of the scenography or design
represent and add further meaning to themes,
narrative, emotion, mood and atmosphere.
Different colours are symbolic. Other symbols might be found in a sound effect, music, style, images. Some symbols are literal while others infer meaning.
A metaphor is creating an image or idea of one thing by saying
it is something else. For example: ‘He is a lion of a man.’
In drama the use of metaphor can be more subtle such as a metaphor of a mouse created through a character having a
squeaky voice and small darting movements.
Design and stylistic elements can also be metaphors
for characterisation or provide meaning
in terms of theme.
describes the feelings and attitudes
(often combined) of the roles or characters involved in dramatic action often supported by other Elements of Drama as well as design elements. The mood is the emotional impact intended by the playwright, director and/or other members of the creative team.
The interaction between the audience
and the mood of a
drama performance.
the body of people invited or otherwise
to view a drama activity, rehearsal or event. Audience includes the patterns in the composition of the audience (for example, age, gender, cultural background, drama
experiences) as well as the relationship created between the drama and
the placement of the audience.
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