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Sexually Transmitted Infections

for Clarity Clinic training purposes
by

tiffany klaas

on 29 April 2013

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Transcript of Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections Chlamydia Women with gonorrhea may not have symptoms. Symptoms may be mistaken for bladder or urinary infections Facts about Gonorrhea There is an estimated 2 to 5 fold increased risk of acquiring HIV if you have syphilis Facts about Syphilis Most people infected with herpes are unware of their infection until their first outbreak Facts about Herpes Hepatitis B is a liver infection Facts about Hepatitis B HPV is the most common STI Facts about HPV Clarity Clinic Chlamydia increases the liklihood of contracting the HIV/AID virus Untreated, chlamydia can cause painful internal damage Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics but treatments will not undo any damage already done Chlamydia is known as a "silent" disease because about three quarters of infected women and about half of infected men have no symptoms. Gonorrhea is a common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can lead to infertility Gonorrhea can be spread to joints and blood Gonorrhea Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics; however, drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea (that are difficult to treat) are increasing. Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics; however, they cannot undo prior damage Syphilis is often called "the great imitator" because so many of the signs and symptoms are similiar to those of other diseases. It is possible to spread herpes when you are not experiencing an outbreak There is no cure for herpes; once you are infected, you will carry the infection with you for life Hepatitis B cannot be transmitted through casual contact Hepatitis B can develop into cirrhosis, which can lead to liver failure and liver cancer Facts about Pubic Lice Trichomoniasis HIV/AIDS HPV is contracted by being sexually active with an infected person Most people with HPV have no external symptoms 90% of all HPV infections clear up on their own within 2 years If one is diagnosed with HPV, it does not mean they will get cancer Symptoms of Human Papillomavirus include: Pubic lice can be treated with lice-killing lotions or creams People with public lice infestations should be checked for other STI's as well Symptoms of Pubic Lice include: Frequent, severe itching Nits or eggs in the pubic region Pubic lice clinging to pubic hair Blue lesions on inner thighs The genital inflammation caused by trichomniasis can increase a person's susceptibility to HIV Trichomoniasis can be treated with prescription drugs; however, treatment cannot undo any damage already done Symptoms of Trichomoniasis in Females include:
frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with strong odor discomfort during intercourse & urination irritaion and itching of the female genital area lower abdominal pain Symptoms of Trichomoniasis in
Males include: irritation inside the penis slight burning after urination or ejaculation mild discharge Symptoms of HIV/AIDS Incude: rapid weight loss dry cough recurring fever or profuse night sweats profound and unexplained fatigue swollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck diarrhea that lasts for more than a week white spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth or in the throat recurring Pneumonia red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin of inside the mouth memory loss, depression and other neurological disorders Possibly no symptoms at all genital warts abnormal Pap Smear most common cause of cervical cancer for women Symptoms of Syphilis include: sores where the infection has entered the body rash on palms of hands and bottoms of feet swollen glands sore throat headaches, loss of hair, weight loss, and fatigue Symptoms of Herpes include: flu-like symptoms fever, sores, and "fever blisters" swollen glands Hepatitis B Symptoms include: tiredness nausea fever reduced appetite stomach pain dark yellow urine jaundice diarrhea Symptoms of Gonorrhea include: abnormal discharge burning sensation while urinating bleeding between menstrual periods white, yellow, or green discharge Symptoms of Chamydia include: abnormal discharge pain while urinating Sources Cited Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA: http://www.cdc.gov/std "Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. This type of bacteria is transmitted through sexual contact (anal, oral, or vaginal sex). If left untreated, Chlamydia can infect the urinary and reproductive organs." Chlamydia Is the most commonly diagnosed bacterial STI Most people with chlamydia have no external symptoms Facts about Chlamydia Gonorrhea "Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacterium. Gonorrhea can grow easily in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the cervix (opening of the womb), uterus, (womb), fallopian tubes, and in the urethra (urine canal) in women and men. Gonorrhea can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus." Hepatitis B "Hepatitis B is a viral infection that leads to swelling (inflammation) of the liver. The HBV virus is spread through the exchange of bodily fluids with another person ( i.e. sexual contact or sharing needles)." Herpes Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 can cause sores in the genital area and infection of the mouth and lips, known as
“fever blisters.” Syphilis "Syphilis is a severe, disabling, and often life threatening bacterial infection. This STI is spread by direct contact with syphilis sores. These sores mainly occur on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum of infected persons. Some sores have been known to appear on the lips and in the mouth." Human Papillomavirus (HPV) HPV is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a virus that lives on the skin. This virus can lead to infected persons developing genital warts and certain types of cancer Pubic Lice "CRABS" Pubic Lice is spread through sexual contact. Infestations of lice are found on the genital area of humans. They can also be found in coarse body hair, such as hair on the legs, armpit, mustache, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes. . Fact about Trichomoniasis "Trichomoniasis is STI caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. This parasite is passed from an infected person to an uninfected person during vaginal intercourse." The most commonly infected part of the body is the inside of the genital tract for women and the urethra for men. http://www.medterms.comhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv-aids AIDS is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging the infected person’s immune system, HIV interferes with the body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease. Lice found on the head is not pubic lice; they are head lice
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