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EofA: Line Types
Transcript of EofA: Line Types
Elements of Art
Many types of lines are used to create art. We will look at the most common line types.
Structural lines are lines that hold a design together. Structural lines come in a variety of types with different characteristics and qualities. They can be delicate and thin like a spider’s web, or thick and bold like a row of telephone poles.
Contour lines describe the shape of an object, and include interior detail. For example, a countour drawing of a person’s face would include a line defining the shape of the head and additional lines that describe the surfaces of the facial features.
Gesture lines, sometimes called movement lines, emphasize direction and fluidity. Imagine a thin, continuous flow of line coming out of the drawing tool. By looping, twisting, and changing direction, gesture line quickly describe a figure.
Sketch lines provide more detail than outlines, contour lines, and gesture lines. They can be drawn very quickly, but they sometimes have a finished appearance. Sketch lines often give an object the appearance of depth, or three-dimensionality. Artist use sketches for information-gathering.
Calligraphy, from two Greek words meaning “beautiful writing” is precise, elegant handwriting or lettering done by hand. The lines in calligraphy often vary between thick and thin, even within a single letter.
An outline generally refers to the outer edge of a silhouette, or the line made by the edges of an object. An outline makes an object seem flat and is usually the same thickness throughout. Tracing around an object placed on a sheet of paper is one way to create an outline.
Expressive lines convey emotion based on their character and weight. This type of line is often found in abstract expressionist works, but expressive lines can also be used to punctuate an idea or emotion in representational works.
Cross-hatching is a similar shading technique in which a second set of parallel lines are drawn intersecting the first set. Just like the hatching, the closer the cross-hatching lines are drawn, the darker the shadow will appear.
An implied line is a line that is created by placing elements within the composition in a linear pattern. The actual line is not visible, but the idea is conveyed by the subjects within the artwork.