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Transcript of Fly Fishing
eries_WY.pdf Bull J, “Watery Masculinities: Fly-fishing and the angling male in the South West of England,” Gender, Place and Culture, Vol. 16, 445-465. August 1, 2009. Accessed October 16, 2012 As told by a woman! This presentation is about a male dominated sport, however women catch the bigger fish! Advancements in the production and materials of the fly rod contributes to the success of fishermen, who enjoy it as a passion and hobby, which ultimately helps the economy, and brings awareness to the environment. The fly rod dates back to 200 AD
The first noted writings of fly fishing are from Rome
In 1496 Dame Juliana Burners, a nun, wrote "The Treatyse"
In 1642 Isaac Walton wrote "The Compleat Angler" Fundamental Dates Due to Writings WHY USE A FLY ROD? The fly rod allows anglers to mimic bugs, little fish, even mice that large fish eat in order to survive. A fly rod is flexible, helping the angler to artfully control the line with each cast, landing it in the current in particular ways to properly display the fly pattern. Materials used for fly fishing! Four main components combined equal a fly rod: The rod
The line What was the rod Made of then? Fly fishing rods were first made of wood. In 1496, when Dame Julia Burners wrote "The Treatise," we specifically learn the wood was made of hazel, willow, or ash for the thicker part of the rod and crab tree or black thorn for the thin tip. Thin iron hoops were used to strengthen this wood.
In the 1600s, new materials were finally being used such as cane, hazel and whalebone.
The biggest leap in materials took place in the 1700s when hickory, lancewood, and greenheart were introduced. Then in the 1800s when bamboo became popular.
In the 1940s the fly fishing world sees glass fiber rods for the first time. Now rods are made of carbon fiber,
and graphite! The weight of rods plummeted and nothing competes with the material. If any modification could be made to the fly rod,
it would be an efficient material, for the tip, that
would allow for accurate and easy casting while
remaining strong and difficult to break. The Achilles Heal, Everything has it's weak point.
The Rod's tip! What was the handle made of then? Early rods have no distinct handle; the rod itself was the handle
Rattan was wrapped around the handle in the mid 1800s
Woods such as cherry, ash, curly maple, and bamboo were found on handles in the late 1800s, and occasionally whale bone and ivory
Nearing the end of the nineteenth century, braided thread, silk, or cord could be found on handles During the late 1880s cork handles were found on ladies rods. However, men caught on to how terrific the material was, and the cork handle became standard for the fly rod. It is the material that is most commonly used for rod handles to this day. What was the reel made of then? The fly fishing reel wasn't commonly used until the 1800s, meaning it was invented shortly before. The first reels appear in chinese art from 200AD and 300AD but not much is know about them.
Next, in Europe during the 1700s, came the wide drum reel with a narrow diameter, made of brass, fastened on by clam or spike. Made of brass, they were unreliable because the material wasn't hard enough for the task.
The late 1800s brought the first reel strictly used for fly fishing, the Nottingham style. It was made of wood, with some metal braces. This is in the image to the right.
Centrepins replaced the last style, made mostly of metal, with little wood.
The Birmingham reel came at the turn of the century, a reel made of brass, occasionally with ebony handles.
The Perfect, a beautifully shaped reel by Orvis, changed reels in the early 1900s. This reel was made of metal and wood. Today's reels are all descendants of The Perfect. Today
we use plastic, metal, and aluminum in reels. Aluminum
reels are the most desirable. The fishing museum online. "A brief history of the fishing reel." Last modified 2011. http://www.fishingmuseum.org.uk/miscellaneous.html What the line used to be made of The first fly line was made of horse hair!
In the first half of the 1800s, the silk line was introduced. Now fly lines are very complex and controversial in the fishing world. The different tapers, lengths and materials would need a presentation of their own to clarify the science behind it. Today the most common materials used are nylon, PVC, vinyl, and other plastics. Who Used the Fly Rod? The Global FlyFisher. "Fly Line Anatomy." Last modified November 24, 2002. http://globalflyfisher.com/fishbetter/flylines/ Dr. Andrew N. Herd, "A Flyfishing History." http://www.flyfishinghistory.com/map2.htm Martin J. Keane, Classic Rods and Rodmakers (New York: Winchester Press, 1976), 1-26. Endangered Cork Cork trees take one hundred years to fully grow. Cork is harvested by peeling off the tree's bark. This process doesn't always kill the tree, however 66%-76% of the negative impact, seen on the trees, takes place during this process. If fly rod companies don't begin to change the material used for handles, soon they will have no choice. Who Uses The Fly Rod?! With the world's population roughly around 7 billion people, there is a high demand for fish. There are many efficient ways of catching fish to supply this demand. One fly fishing rod would never catch, in it's lifetime, as many fish as a ship dragging the world's largest trawl net would catch in one hour (which is 10 tons because this net can encompass over 12 jumbo jets). With this information, it is obvious that people aren't fly fishing for survival or because it is productive; Men and women are fly fishing because they enjoy it, they love it, and they are passionate about it! So today, the people enjoying the sport of fly fishing are people enjoying it as a hobby. Helping the Environment Help the Economy Healthy Water Means Healthy Fish In Wyoming, the state focuses on maintaining healthy rivers so that anglers within and outside of its borders continue to buy fishing licenses. Clean Waters, Clean Catch Clean water is vital in order for fish to thrive. That is why some anglers are going as far as writing the senate to ensure the Clean Water Act is being as affective as possible. Our Nation's waters support 40 million anglers who generate $125 billion every year. Jesus Rives, Ivan Fernandez, Joan Rieradevall, Xacier Gabarrell, "Environmental Analysis of raw cork extraction in cork oak forests in Southern Europe (Catalonia-Spain)," Journal of Environmental Management 110 (2012): 236-245. Accessed October 24, 2012. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/SO301479712003398 "Protecting the Clean Water Act," American Fly Fishing Trade Association. September 22, 2012. Http://www. affta.com/2012/09/22/protecting-clean-water-act/ "The Global Fisheries Crisis," The North Sea. http://archive.greenpeace.org/comms/cbio/global.html What did the fish say when it ran
into the cement wall?
DAM! Dams are vital structures for certain areas, providing electricity and water for agriculture. They are also detrimental to certain fish species such as salmon. When a river and fish are harmed, so is the economy, which is why innovations were made to the architecture of dams. Fish ladders help fish travel from inland rivers to the ocean and back. MASS PRODUCTION The Fly Rod didn’t see a huge impact at first from the industrial revolution, how ever one of its main components, the fly line did. At first mass produced lines were unreliable; some too thick, others too thin, and most rotted quickly. Innovations were made to compensate, such as silk plaited lines. The tight weave made for strong and thin lines. This also made for a rot resistant line. Mass production opened the door to what we now know as a leader, which was first made of silkworm gut. Leaders made fly-fishing more efficient because you could cast farther, the line was harder for the fish to see, and the lines lasted longer. The fly rod was conceived hundreds of years before 1871, however this was when Hiram Lewis Leonard birthed it commercially in America. Before this date rods were made out of the united states and by people in the states planning on using the rod for themselves or for private sales. Leonard was the first to sell his rods to a seller.
He initially was a gunsmith, and in his shop built a rod for himself. Others saw it and wanted ones exactly like it. Then they shared with friends and eventually a prominent fly shop in Boston named Bradford and Anthony, who began to request rods from Leonard. He didn’t hesitate to say he could make ones better than what they had. He may not have been the first to create a six piece rod, but he made them famous. He can fully claim the success and demands of his rods, as his company grew he hired 12 employees to help keep up supply. Abbey and Imbrie stepped in for Bradford and Anthony and began marketing for Leonard. His nephew, Hiram Hawes, was his accomplice in developing innovations to his rods such as the first beveling machine to cut rod strips. The trips were mathematically exact and the precision led to the first “sophisticated” rods. A man named Kiddler became partners in the Leonard Company but, due to an uneasy relationship, sold out to William Mills & Son. He invented the waterproof ferrule in 1775, and introduced the hexagonal rod shape, replacing round, in 1882. In 1882, the most modern rod building facility of it’s time, was built in Central Valley NY by Mill’s and Leonard.
Leonard patented the first waterproof ferrule (this is the joint were the pieces of the rod are put together). This saved the ends of the pieces from being destroyed by wear. The patent number is 169,181 and it is titled H.L. LEONARD Fishing-Rod. He is the only inventor on the patent. Modifications were made to the ferrule at future dates. However Leonard’s patent was fundamental, not arguable. Hiram Lewis Leonard "Studying one thing at a time," Sifting the past, Accessed December 1, 2012, http://siftingthepast.com/2012/08/31/a-party-angling-george-morland-1789/ In the "Treatyse of Fysshynge Wyth an Angle," Dame Juliana Burners writes about the influence society had on fly fishing. It is interesting seeing as this was the first writing on fly fishing. She talked about the sport being for men in the higher class. Also, like I mentioned in my last slide, John Gay wrote about fly fishing being pure and live bait being for those of lower character. Modern day fishermen continue the dispute on which type of fishing is more tasteful. A fictional book that captivates readers by exploring this argument in a present day setting is "The River Why." The Science of Angling The fly rod was invented a significant amount of time before the development of modern physics. It does require some knowledge of science and falls under the classification of classical physics. Tension, air resistance, gravity, and most importantly the movement of the rod combine to make the equation for a great cast. Without a grasp on this knowledge, fly-fishing would be a frustrating task, because the lightweight fly contributes no advantage to achieving a straight line across the pond. The science behind the fly cast is physics. Everything from the geometry of the rod, to the loading of the tip, to velocity and torch determine the effectiveness of a cast. The fly rod’s cast exemplifies Newton’s Second Law of Motion. It is a fundamental law that states acceleration occurs when force is applied to a mass. This law was solidified in the 1600s. As science advanced, more appropriate materials for the fly rod were discovered in order to allow the rod to more successfully load and spring. This lead to perfected casting. Gang Wang and Norman Werely, “Analysis of fly fishing rod casting dynamics,” Shock and Vibration 18 (2011): 839-855, accessed November 29, 2012 “Newton’s Three Laws of Motion,” accessed November 29, 2012, http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/history/newton3laws.html A Quick Detour! If you want to contribute to the bettering of your economy or environment, grab a fly rod.