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- High Middle Ages = heightened from 10th to 15th century
- Logical but unfair system
- land for service
- obedience for protection
- Hierarchy involved
Definition: Means rebirth/revolution.
Renaissance was the period of time (14th to 17th century) when there was thought to have been 'rebirth' of a land/country due a cultural movement that included change of belief and values. This began in Italy and moved across Europe.
Macbeth was written by Shakespeare in this period.
Definition: A system of thought based on values, beliefs, characteristics and behaviour that are believed to be in human beings and not in any supernatural authority.
Definition: Loving a country immensely and being so loyal that you would be willing to sacrifice for it.
Patriotism can be positive and negative:
- Positive because the whole country comes together
- Negative because the whole country may obey inappropriate orders (e.g Germans with Hitler)
Patriotism in Macbeth
Macbeth wants to be a 'real man' and so for him to become one, he needs to be king, however to do so, he kills others. Due to this, Macduff shows patriotic actions when he risks his life to protect Scotland from Macbeth's reign.
Humanism in Macbeth
Humanism isn't really implemented in Macbeth due to Macbeth himself as well as others, believing in the prediction of the three witches/weird sisters.
The witches predict that Macbeth with be King and Banquo will be successful with him which they both then go on to believe,
Feudalism in Macbeth
Duncan is the king of Scotland= he owns all the land and orders others to work for him however no one is greater than god.
Malcolm and Donalbain are the King's sons= they're heir to the throne which means they are high in the hierarchy.
Macbeth and Banquo are thane/baron's which means that they are below the king.
Macduff, Lennox, Ross, Menteth, Angus and Cathness are noblemen of Scotland= in a lower class compared to Macbeth and the King.
Other characters such as priests and peasants are commoners= they have little to no power in the land.
The Jacobean Era
The Jacobean Era refers to the period of time in English and Scottish history which includes the reign of King James VI of Scotland (1567- 1625). Before this era was the Elizabethan era and after was the Caroline era.
The Jacobean era is best known for its style of architecture visual arts and literature.
Renaissance in Macbeth:
In Macbeth, people such as Macbeth, Banquo and Lady Macbeth believed of things such as witchcraft. Due to Macbeth believing in the 3 witches, he kills King Duncan and several others to become King of Scotland. This pursuit of power was common at the time, because many wanted the titled and to receive it, they had to go against their morals and kill to the top.
After Macbeth's death, it can be said that these traditional beliefs/legends died with him and led on to the rebirth of Scotland.
By: Ipek H