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Present Simple

Grammar Rules for the Present Simple Tense in English - There are different grammar rules for the verb 'to be' and all other verbs in English.
by

Tania Dadoun

on 12 July 2016

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Transcript of Present Simple

Present Simple
1 word
After the subject / before the main verb

never
always
sometimes
rarely
usually
often
hardly ever (irregular)

2 words (or more)
At the end (or beginning) of the sentence

every minute, day, etc.
once a week, month etc.
twice a year etc.
three times a week etc.
quite often

All other verbs in English
+ Affirmative (Positive) Sentences
The Verb
'to be'

am/is/are
Examples

never
I always drink water.
sometimes
rarely
usually
often
hardly ever (irregular)
I brush my teeth every day.
once a week, month etc.
twice a year etc.
I go to school 6 times a week.
quite often

+
Affirmative (Positive) sentences
-
Negative Sentences
? Questions
I am = I'm
You are = You're
He is = He's
She is = She's
It is = It's
We are = We're
You are = You're
They are = They're
Adjective /
Noun /
Complement

I
am
41 years old.
You
are
a student.
He
is
my best friend.
She
is
outside.
It
is
late.
We
are
in the 6th grade.
You
are
all students.
They
are
in the library.
I am not = I’m not = ----------
You are not = you’re not = you aren’t
He is not = he’s not = he isn’t
She is not = she’s not = she isn’t
It is not = it’s not = it isn’t
We are not = we're not = they aren’t
You are not = you’re not = you aren’t
They are not = they're not = we aren’t
Adjective /
Noun /
Complement
I
am no
t the winner.
You
are not
fat.
He
is not
the teacher.
She
is not
in the bathroom.
It
is not
true.
We
are not
on the train.
They
are not
late.

Am I
Are you
Is he
Is she
Is it
Are we
Are you
Are they
Adjective /
Noun /
Complement
Am I late?
Are you in love?
Is he your friend?
Is she funny?
Is this new?
Are we in group number 2?
Are you sure?
Are they brothers?
- Negative Sentences
? Questions
Rule
: add the helping verb '
do
' / '
does
' and adverb '
not
' Remove (take out) the
's'
from the end of the verb!!!!!
- Examples

I
do not eat
late at night.
If you
don't have
anything nice to say, don't say anything.
He
does not eat
seafood.
She
doesn't eat
mushrooms.
It
does not eat
dry food.
We don't
eat
in restaurants every night.
You
do not eat
all day long.
They don't
eat
dinner together every evening.

to eat
to drink
to go
to see
to think
to sleep
to jump
to fart
to wish
to bring
to want
to feel
to watch
to play
etc.
etc.
etc.
Rule
: Add an 's' at the end of the verb for 3rd person singular [he / she / it]
I work, I go.
You work, you go.
He works, he goes.
She works, she goes.
It works, it goes
We work, we go.
You work, you go.
They work, they go.
Do I...
Do you...
Does he...
Does she...
Does it...
What do we...
Where do you...
When do they...
Rule
: The helping verb [do / does]
precedes (comes before) the subject (/the pronoun)
? Examples
+ Examples
Examples
I am
never
late. I'm
always
on time.
My mom
usually
drinks water. She
rarely
drinks juice.
We
often
go on hikes.
I brush my teeth
every day
.
My family and I go to the States
once a year
.
They go to the beach
twice a month
.
We meet
three times a week
.
I go to school
6 times a week
.
Time Expressions
I don't like soda.
You do not like soda.
He doesn't like soda.
She does not like soda.
It doesn't like soda.
We do not like soda.
You don't like soda.
They do not like soda.
Do I understand?
Do you agree?
Does he feel better?
Does Sally have a brother?
Does it rain in the summer?
Do we have more time?
Do you think so?
Do Mike and Ike get along?
I love my mom.
You dance very nicely.
My brother runs fast.
Georgette makes delicious food.
It feels good to be nice.
We think it's a great idea.
You guys look good today.
Most teachers work in schools.
Full transcript