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The Odyssey

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by

Sarah Carlson

on 18 June 2015

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Transcript of The Odyssey

Architecture
Clay sculptures, architecture, jewelry, and paintings
Minoans and Mycenians


Sculptures
Contemporary Map of Area
Table of Contents
(1) Maps of Bronze Age Mediterranean Sea
(2) Map of Modern Mediterranean Sea
(3) Art:
- Sculptures
- Architecture
- Paintings
- Metal works
(5) Bronze Age Greek Society
- Role of Women
- Social Structure
- Everyday life

Map of Bronze Age Mediterranean Sea (1200 B.C.)
Women's Role in Society
Synopsis of the Odyssey
Odysseus's Adventures
Calypso, the Sweet Nymph
The Cyclops
Teiresias and the Land of the Dead
Art
Calypso's Island
Sea Journey
Recounts some Adventures
Is attacked by Poseidon
Scheria
Courts King and Queen with adventures
Ithaca
Reunites with Penelope
Kills Suitors
Polyphemus, a cyclops, threatens Odysseus's journey
Odysseus offers Polyphemus wine and intoxicates him
Odysseus stabs Polyphemus's eye
Polyphemus, now blinded, prays to Poseidon to hinder Odysseus's path
Odysseus seeks the soul of oracle Teiresias in the Land of the Dead
Wants guidance
Odysseus meets three souls
Odysseus's Crew Member
Teiresias
Odysseus's Mother
Art played a prominent role
Minoans produced many medium-sized figurines
Between 1700 and 1450 BC
Made of bronze and ivory
Myceneans constructed tiny figurines
Were often gifts to the gods
Many women were influential
Goddesses were respected
Villainous women justified for actions
Clytemnestra in Oresteia
Many women held leadership positions
Helen of Troy
Social Structure
The upper class was a great minority
Very wealthy
Luxurious Lifestyle
Most people worked in agricultural fields
Cheaper resources
Everyday Life
(6) Modern Age Greek Society
- Role of women
- Social Structure
- Everyday Life
(7) Synopsis of Odyssey
(8) Odysseus' Adventures
- Calyspo, the Sweet Nymph
- The Cyclops
- Teiresias and the Land the Dead
(9) Odysseus' Leadership Qualities
- The Cyclops
- The Sirens
= Scylla and Charybis
(10) Excerpts
Fig. 3.
Minoan sculpture
. Personal photograph by author. June 5, 2015.


Architecture had several qualities:
Bright and vibrant colors
Stone and clay
Large Palaces had intricate designs
Fig. 4.
Artist's Reconstruction of the Palace at Knossos
. Personal painting by author. June 6, 2015
Paintings
Most paintings were murals
Directly applied to plaster that gave it a whimsical appearance
Bold contrast of colors
Metal Work
Jewelry was another common craft
Gold was heated slightly in order to attach itself

Fig. 6. Wolfgang Sauber.
Bees of Malia
. June 6, 2015.
Fig. 8.
Minoan Queens Fresco
. Personal painting by author. June 6, 2015.
Most were farmers and gave most of their products to their rulers as tax
Men were often clad in kilt-like garments and loincloths
Women wore layered skirts and bodices that commonly exposed their breasts
Fig. 9.
Minoan boardgame
by Ancient Images. Personal painting by author. June 6, 2015.
Fig. 5.
Fresco of the Dolphins
. Personal photograph by author. June 6, 2015
The Sirens:
Quick Witted

The Cyclops:
Cleverness
Odysseus intoxicates the Cyclops
Odysseus devises a plan to escape the cave after blinding the Cyclops
He and his men hide under the bellies of sheep
Odysseus orders men to stuff their ears with wax
Prevents them from hearing the Sirens
Saves many lives

J.W. Waterhouse.
Odyssey and the Sirens.
Personal painting by author. June 7, 2015.
Cyclopes.
Personal drawing by author. June 7, 2015.
Fig. 12.
Calypso receiving Telemachus and Mentor in the Grotto
. Personal drawing by author. June 7, 2015.
Fig. 7. Cephisodotus.
Athena Mattei.
Louvre. June 6, 2015.
Fig. 10.
Poseidon Rage
. Personal drawing by author. June 7, 2015

Scylla and Charybdis:
Assessing an Obstacle
Odysseus decides between sailing near sea monster Scylla or Charybdis
Decides to sail near Scylla
If sailed near Charybdis, entire ship would have been destroyed
Odysseus is stranded
Calypso does not allow Odysseus to leave
The God's debate Odysseus's Fate
Athena convinces Zeus to release Odysseus
Synopsis
Synopsis
Synopsis
1184-1174 B.C

Fig. 1. Map of Mediterranean during 1200 B.C. Personal photograph by author. June 5, 2015.
Fig. 2.
Modern Map of Mediterranean Sea
. Personal photograph by author. June 7, 2015.
Synopsis
Society in Bronze Age Greece
Characters
Odysseus
Athena
Hermes
Calypso
Fig. 11.
Symbol of Hermes
. Personal drawing by author. June 7, 2015.
Characters
Odysseus
Polyphemus
Odysseus' Men
Fig. 13.
The Cyclops
. Personal drawing by author. June 7, 2015.
Society in Modern Greece
Fig. 14. Odysseus' stabbing the Cyclops. Personal painting by author. June 7, 2015.
Characters
Odysseus
Teiresias
Odysseus' Mother
Fig. 15.
Teiresias and Odysseus
. Personal Painting by author. June 7, 2015.
Women's Role Society
Fig. 16.
The Land of the Dead.
Personal painting by author. June 7, 2015.
Women are not treated very equally
They are expected to take traditional household and domestic responsibilities
They do not possess leadership positions in governments or businesses
Odysseus' Leadership Qualities
Social Structure
Does not have a strict class system
However, a basic concept of rich, middle, and poor does exist
Greece's bankruptcy has increased poor class
Everyday Life
Most Greeks are very religious and traditional
They also value family rather highly
It is these things that shape their everyday life
Fig. 10. Greek temple. Personal photograph by author. June 6, 2015.
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