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Impact of Aryan Invasions on Ancient India

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Jeremy Uzee

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Impact of Aryan Invasions on Ancient India

Other changes in India civilization
Militaristic Changes
Geographic changes
Status of Women in India
Impact of Aryan Invasions on Ancient India
Characteristics at the end of the time period
The Indians advanced greatly with religion, along with technological and intellectual advancements.
Economic and Artistic Characteristics
Economic - Barley was that main crop in India, and the entire village was responsible for the irrigation. Trading and merchanting became key, as they were firmly agricultural. They traded cotton, silks, dyes, drugs, gold, and ivory to the Middle East and Eastern Africa.

Artistic - Classical India featured several Upanishads, which were epic poetries. The people of India also focused on sacred animals, rituals, and sought union with stupas - statues honoring Buddha. Nature was the most appreciated part of the Indian civilization, which can be widely seen in their art.
Intellectual and Technological
Intellectual - Sanskrit was developed in India, which was the first literary language. Many vedas (sacred books) were also formed. The Indian epics reflected a settled agriculture society and better organized politics, along with the epic poems revealing a mythical side.

Technological - Aryabhatta calculated the length of a solar year and the circumference of the Earth. Cleanliness was heavily promoted and a treatment for smallpox was developed. The same number system that can be seen today, using zero, decimals, and negatives.
Causes and Impacts of Changes (Conclusion)
The development of sedentary agriculture and commerce aided in the appearance of basic elements of civilization. New civilizations began to appear in the Upper Ganges and the foothills of the Himalayas, and these became the new foundations of all of India's civilizations.
Political and Social Characteristics
Political - Village chiefs helped organize village defenses and regulate property relationships. Aryans regarded indigenous people inferior.

Social - The social class was divided into a caste system with priests at the top, followed by warriors, then traders and farmers, and lastly common laborers. A lower class known as the "untouchables" was later added.
Village Chiefs were in charge of the defense of the civilization, and their weapons were greatly improved in comparison to those of earlier civilizations - such as chariots and metal-tipped weapons.
During the Vedic Period, the Aryans used iron tools to clear a large space of vegetation that was found between the Indus River Valley to the Ganges Valley.
In epics, women were often strong-willed and cunning. Women were often scholars of Vedic texts but later unable to read it. They were also teachers, poets, musicians, artists, and known for their martial arts skills.
A statue of Buddha, the largest religious figure in Ancient India.
Characteristics at the beginning of the time period (1600-1000 B.C.E)
Harappan people were the most common. Some Harappan traditions were kept, but not all of them. This was also during the Vedic Age.
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