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Transcript of Interactive Timeline
1811- 1815 In 1915 Canadian forces were sent to France. The landed on beaches and were met with German troops. One of the nick names for Canadian forces was "storm troopers." World War I The War of 1812 World War II 1990 Hudson Bay 1610-2008 1610-1970 The Royal Proclamation was issued in 1763 by King George III. The purpose was to establish a base of government in the North American Territories and, to establish British protection over unsettled land. This land belonged to Indian tribes, and the Metis were not recognized. The Royal Proclamation is also known as the Indian Magna Carta and The Indian Bill of Rights. The Royal Proclamation is considered one of the strongest guarantees of First Nations land rights.
The Indian Act 1867 1939 The White Paper, or the Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy was a policy announced by the Honourable Jean Chretien, who was at the time, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Developments. Essentially, it stated to be Indian is to be or have nothing. The main ideas introduced were to diminish Treaty rights, give First Nations responsibilities to the province, diminish the Department of Indian Affairs, and to diminish the Indian Act. To see what the White Paper states, please visit http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/ai/arp/ls/pubs/cp1969/cp1969-eng.asp 1610 Henry Hudson discovers the Hudson Bay Company. Klondike Gold Rush 1669 1896-1899 Nonsuch returns to England with furs from the Hudson bay company. Charter Rights 1982 1670 1670 Charter Sign Hudson Bay Becomes Full Company All land at had rivers that drained into the Hudson Bay became know as Rupert's land. 1690 Hudson Bay Company (HBC) Monoploy Confirmed British Parliament 1869 Ruperts Land becomes a part of Canada 1914-1918 HBC ship helps by carying men and supplies in WW1. 1970 HBC headquaters moved from London, England to Winnipeg Aug 16 Aug 17 George and Kate Carmack Skookum Jim and Dawson Charlie Discover Gold in the Klondike George Carmack, SkookumJim and Dawson Charlie stake claims on Bonanza Creek Aug 31 Sept Discovery of Gold in Eldorado Creek All of Bonanza Creek Staked Already Producing Rich Harvests 1896 1897 Spring Summer July 14 July 14 July 17 Autumn Population of Dawson City grows to 1500 People Population of Dawson City grows to 3500 People The steamship Excelsior arrives in San Francisco with $500,00 worth of Gold. Stories of the Klondike hit the news. The steamship Portland docks in seattle and miners unload $1,00,00 worth of Gold. Oliver Millett of Lunenburg Nova Scotia stakes claims on Cheechako Hill above Bonanza Creek and it produces $500,000 worth of Gold 1898 April Spring June 13 Avalanche kills over 60 people on the Chilkoot Trail Yukon's population grows to over 30,000 People Yukon is made a Territory 1899 April Summer Over $1,000,000 worth of buildings and property destroyed in fire (Dawson City) Gold in found in Nome Alaska Klondike Gold Rush is officially over 1921 Yukon's population drops to just over 4,000 people. 1914 References 2011 During the time of the Klondike Gold Rush, millions of dollars worth of gold was found in various locations near Bonanza Creek. World War 1 was the start of the great World Wars. Canada took a great toll, especially economically. The fall of the economy led to the great depression. World War 1 was a dark time. The Hudson Bay Company (HBC) was founded in 1610 by Henry Hudson. The Hudson Bay Company is still a company today and it's headquaters is now located in Winnipeg, Canada. The charter rights were the start of one of the greatest moments in Canadian history. Free speech, rights to vote and equality were all part of the charter rights. 1982- Charter rights is in the first few sections of the constitution act. The charter rights allows free speech, the right to vote and legal and economical rights.
Equality rights and minority rights gave power to many Aboriginal communties in Canada. Despite this, all treaty and Aboriginal rights were not affected. The charter rights was signed as law by Queen Elizabeth II on April 17, 1982. The glory of Canada's military was brough up during World War II as Canada fought beside Britian, United States and the allies. D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Canadian forces, 3rd division fought deeper into France than any other allied force. "Human Rights." Affaires indiennes et du Nord Canada | Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/br/hr/index-eng.asp>.
"Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian policy (The White Paper, 1969)." Affaires indiennes et du Nord Canada | Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/ai/arp/ls/pubs/cp1969/cp1969-eng.asp>.
"The White Paper." Government of Saskatchewan. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <www.fnmr.gov.sk.ca/community/fn-history/ >.
"Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian policy (The White Paper, 1969)." Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/ai/arp/ls/pubs/cp1969/cp1969-eng.asp >.
"Royal Proclamation of 1763." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <www.thecanadianencyclopedia >.
"Pass System." Government of Saskatchewan. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. <www.fnmr.gov.sk.ca/community/fn-history/7 >.
"Bill C-31." Saskatchewan Indian. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2011. <www.sicc.sk.ca/saskindian/a85oct09.htm >.
"Bill C-31." Government of Saskatchewan. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. <www.fnmr.gov.sk.ca/community/fn-history/12 >.
"Bill C-31." JohnCo. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. <www.johnco.com/nativel/bill_c31.html >.
"Treaty Land Entitlement." Government of Saskatchewan. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2011. <www.fnmr.gov.sk.ca/lands/tle/ >.
"Exploration, the Fur Trade and Hudson's Bay Company - Timeline." Front | Canadiana. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <http://www.canadiana.ca/hbc/
"The Yukon Gold Rush time line." Yukon Fishing Trips | Canadian Fishing Trips | Canada Fishing Vacations. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <http://www.fishingyukon.com/
"timeline war of 1812." War of 1812 - Everything on the War. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. <http://www.warof1812-history.com/Timeline-War-of-1812.aspx>.
" WarMuseum.ca - History of the First World War - People ." Civilisations.ca / Museedelaguerre.ca / Civilization.ca / WarMuseum.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/first-nations-e.aspx>.
"CANADA IN THE GREAT WAR | NOTABLE | FIRST NATIONS." Passchendale "In Love, There Is Only One Rule... Don't Die". N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.passchendaelethemovie.com/Canada_In_The_Great_War/notable_first_nations.html>.
"Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms - The Canadian Encyclopedia." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0001270>.
"Charter of Rights and Freedoms / Chartes des droits et libertes." Charter of Rights and Freedoms / Chartes des droits et libertes. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://www.charterofrights.ca/language.php>.
"Constitutional Documents." Justice Laws Website | Site Web de la legalastislation (Justice). N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/charter/>.
"The First World War: Canada Remembers | CBC Archives." CBC Archives. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2011. <http://archives.cbc.ca/war_conflict/first_world_war/topics/2425/>. 1812 June 18 The U.S. declares war on Great Britain July 17 Aug 16 Fort Michilimackinac surrenders to the British General William Hull surrenders to General Isaac Brock in Detroit Oct 13 General Isaac Brock is killed in the Battle of Queenston Heights Nov 23 Americans retreat from eastern Canada April 27 1813 Nov 3 The Americans capture York (Toronto) Great Brittan offers U.S. Direct peace negotiations The Indian Act of 1867 restrained First Nations people from participating in their cultures. Today, freedom has been restored to the First Nations people. 1814 Aug 8 Aug 8 Aug 28 Dec 24 Peace negotiations begin in Ghent Great Britain outlines initial peace terms During World War 1 a government policy was adopted restricting Native enlistment due to the fact that Germans may consider First Nations as sub human. But the policy was not enforced and in 1915, in the face of a growing demand for able-bodied troops, it was quietly cancelled. Nantucket declares Neutrality Peace of Ghent Signed 1815 Jan 8 Feb 17 The Americans defeat the British in the Battle of New Orleans The war is officially over The War of 1812 went on for four years. It was a time of many battles between the British and the U.S.
Despite their small numbers and their unsettled relationship with the Canadian government, Canada’s First Nations people contributed significantly to the World War II. First Nation service in the military was not compulsary. For Canadian timelinians Hey Hi