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The Kyoto Protocol
Transcript of The Kyoto Protocol
Reasons for the protocol
Participating countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol have committed to cut emissions of not only carbon dioxide, but of also other greenhouse gases, being:
Methane, Nitrous oxide, Hydrofluorocarbons, Perfluorocarbons, Sulphur and hexafluoride
The actual summit meeting that created the Kyoto Protocol was held in Kyoto, Japan in 1997. Meetings leading up to this one were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992 and Berlin, Germany in 1995,
Where did the initial conference take place and in what year?
Both the USA and Canada have not ratified this agreement, while Russia, Japan and New Zealand dropped out of the Kyoto protocol during the second period. South Sudan were never partied with the protocol.
What nations did not ratify Kyoto?
Its first commitment period applies to emissions created in 2008 to 2012.
When were the first and second commitment periods? when is the Protocl set to expire and what will happen then?
The second commitment period covers January 1 2013 to December 31 2020
Expectations of the Kyoto Protocol
Well, going by the original terms of the Kyoto Protocol circa 1997, it was due to expire December 31st 2012, but now with the Doha Amendment, that deadline has extended 8 years to same day 2020.
When the agreement expires in 2020, one of a couple things wil happen:
1. It won't, there will be something to pick up, like the "Durban Platform" or
2. They'll have an even better and more solid plan to deal with the issue at hand
They saw/see it as an obstacle to their economic prosperity, and therefore resigned from ratifying the agreement. They believed they could reduce their own emissions by themselves. They were also upset because developing countries like India and China were omitted from any restrictions to emissions.
Canadian Government 1997:
They embraced the idea of it, seeing it as the way to go, at least, while the Liberal Party was in power.
Canadian Government now:
Under the majority government of the Progressive Conservative Party and Stephen Harper, they feel quite the same as the US, where China and India were given unfair free priviledge.
Largely the same as the USA where they see it as nothing they can't do themselves, and especially at the cost of their own ecnomic benefit.
They appear to be all for it, setting individual and collective goals and then achieving them. They seem to have a plan laid out for a long time
Climate Change Conference, Durban, South Africa 2011
Purposes: Mainly, it was about making something else happen, as the initial period of the Kyoto Protocol was about expire. Along with that was also expectations that some of the talks from the Cancun conference in 2010 would be finalized.
Results: The main parts pulled out of this entire conference was decided on the last day. Known as the "Durban Platform", it was a future to be defined in 2015 and put into place by 2020 and it included countries like China and India, and by means of that the USA as well. Plans for a "Green Fund" were put into place to distribute $100 billion each year to developing countries to help adapt to the changing climate.
When it came time for conference in Durban, it wasn't Jean Chretien's Liberal government, it was Stephen Harper's PC Party with an agenda more concerned about economic growth in the oil sands of Alberta, going so far as to call the entire protocol a "socialist scheme." It's all in a bid to speed up development of the oil sands, but at the cost of not being able to complete the goals set by the protocol. While Canada does not look ready to agree to any plan regarding Kyoto, they are still attending the COP meetings and participating in some negotiations.
What Brazil, China, India and even South Africa have in common is that they are all growing. Almost-developed countries with a large population and no set protocol agreements just yet, which they are looking to get into now that they can support themselves more fully
Critisism of Kyoto
Well, the main points the critics seem to pinpoint appear to be the issues that 'maybe it just isn't doing enough, and that there isn't any penalties seem to be build into the agreement for trespassers of this legally binding agreement. People often say as well that the Kyoto Protocol just may not be the way to go at all, and a new agreement has to be put into action.
Kyoto's future from us
Autumn - I believe that, looking at the information presented in front of me through research, that the Kyoto Protocol as it stands for what it stands for, will never be effective enough, and a different agreement needs to be put into place before irreversible environmental damage occurs
Our views on the entire issue
Autumn - I recognize that climate change is a big issue, and can & will impact us all if we don't take action ourselves. While our currently economic-minded tries to fight out an agreement to benefit them, we can all try and do our part to keep our emissions low, and really hope for the best.
Christine - Global warming is a large problem and it's making itself present faster than ever. If everyone has a of mindset is "I'm only 1 person, I can't make a difference" think again. There are 7 billion people on planet earth and if everyone does their part, change will be incredible.
Christine - I believe that the Kyoto Protocol will be effective in upcoming years. Global warming is an issue for everyone and as greenhouse gas levels increase Countries will be more aware of the threats and effects it posses because they will become present and action will be taken.
Developed countries are committed to limiting or reducing emissions of greenhouse gases by about 4.2% from the level of gases from 1990. there are also other ways of reaching their goals such as developed countries investing in energy clean projects in developing countries to reduce more emissions.
Developing countries are not required to lower emission levels but are required to ensure they do not increase.
In developing countries
by autumn schneider