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'And the Glory of the Lord' -Handel
Transcript of 'And the Glory of the Lord' -Handel
1600-1750 MORE SERIOUS NOW
Brief Description Written in 1742
From the oratorio: Messiah
Oratorio: large musical adaptation of a biblical text
Follows forms of Italian Opera
First performance in Dublin
First performance in England was in Covent Garden Theatre (1943) but it didn't make a good impression Melody Use of ornaments e.g. trill
Both melismatic and syllabic
4 contrasting melodies with different characters and shapes Harmony 1. The long held notes in IDEA 4 act as PEDAL NOTES - When the long note is an A it is a TONIC PEDAL. Towards the end an E is the sustained note and is a DOMINANT PEDAL. Tonality Texture No no, not this kind of handle... THIS HANDEL! IDEA 1: 'And the glory of the Lord'
Features of this idea:
-Syllabic (one syllable per note)
-The first three notes are the three notes in the A major triad IDEA 2: 'Shall be revealed'
Features of this idea:
-Melismatic (lots of notes to one syllable)
-One bar sequences that descend IDEA 3: 'And all flesh shall see it
together' IDEA 4: 'For the mouth of the
Lord hath spoken it' Rhythm & Metre Structure Based around the 4 ideas Instrumental
Forces SATB Choir Double Basses & Cellos Harpsichord And later Handel expanded
Oboes and Bassoons (These play the continuo bass part) A small Baroque string orchestra 2 violin parts, a viola part and... Double bass plays the same thing an octave lower than the cello Harpsichord improvises harmonies
from the bass line String parts often double
the voices Introduction is strings only Some parts of the piece are accompanied by the continuo part only Remember: Learn what we've explained in
this...and the glory of the Lord
shall be revealed. BYE :D Can you Handel it? A major Modulates to:
-E major (dominant)
-B major (dominant of E) Begins and ends on A major Dominant = V Dominant of the Dominant
= II (of A major) Features of this idea include:
-Melismatic (Lots of notes to one syllable)
-One bar phrase is repeated three times which gives the impression of a firm statement Features of this idea include:
-Long rhythms used
-Sung by tenors and basses (unlike other ideas all mainly sung by altos These four short ideas contrast so that when played, each individual idea can be recognised.
The ideas are often heard in pairs.
PAIR 1 = Idea 1 and 2
PAIR 2 = Idea 3 and 4 There are a mixture of contrasting textures The parts IMITATE each other, meaning that the melody is repeated by a different part after the first part has started. CONTRAPUNTAL textures - When the 4 main ideas are played together and the parts interweave. HOMOPHONIC textures - When the parts all play the same rhythms (usually before a cadence )
The different parts don't enter all together, the entries are STAGGERED to add to the contrapuntal effect Towards the end of the piece everybody has a GENERAL PAUSE, where everybody pauses together. What is Handel doing right now?
DECOMPOSING Why couldn't Beethoven find his music teacher?
HE WAS HAYDN! How rich was Bach?
HE WAS B'ROQUE 2. The two cadences used are PLAGAL ( iv - i ) and PERFECT ( v - i ) 3. The piece is DIATONIC, meaning it has notes that belong to the key it is in. To conclude...here are some
beneficial music puns :) From ALISOP (Alisha and Sophie) IDEA 1: IDEA 2: IDEA 3: IDEA 4: The time signature is 3/4 throughout Sometimes feels like it's in 2/4.
This is a HEMIOLA. Longer note values used to highlight IDEA 4. Allegro tempo, A major key and
lilting rhythms together keep the
piece in a JOYOUS mood 1. INTRODUCTION
2. IDEA 1 enters: sung by Altos at first (BAR 11)
3. IDEA 2 enters: sung by Tenors at first (BAR 17)
4. IDEA 3 enters: sung by Altos at first (BAR 43)
5. IDEA 4 enters: sung by Tenors and Basses at
at first (BAR 51)
6. The ideas are repeated and combined in
7. Ending homophonic chord, to bring it all
together Music throughout the extract is driven by regular on-beat crotchet rhythms If you get time...you should
totally check this vid out. CAN YOU HANDEL THE MUSIC PUNS?! | Part 1/2