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An Introduction to Poetic Devices

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Monique Froome

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of An Introduction to Poetic Devices

An Introduction to
Poetic Devices By Monique Froome Other Common Poetic Devices Assonance Mood/Tone Rhyme Scheme Alliteration Hyperbole Repetition Onomatopoeia Simile Personification Metaphor The Main Devices (Visual Devices) A simile is a device that is used to compare two things using "as" or "like".

Example:
“My love is like a red,red rose.” A metaphor is a device that makes a comparison between two unlikely things. Metaphors are when one thing is said to be another.

Example:
"Hatred is an infection of the mind" Personification is a device that gives human characteristics to inanimate objects or animals.

Example:
"Death stands above me whispering low" Onomatopoeia is the use of words to describe sound. That is, through the use of words, the sound of an inanimate object or animal is being created.

Examples:
"The owl hoots"
"The clock ticks"
"The fly buzzed past" A hyperbole is a poetic device that means "great exaggeration". This exaggeration is generally used to cause a dramatic effect.

Example:
"She wept oceans of tears" Repetition is simply the "repeating of words, phrases, lines, or stanzas".

Example:
Because I do not hope to turn again
Because I do not hope
Because I do not hope to turn...

From 'Ash-Wednesday' by T. S. Eliot Alliteration is simply "the deliberate repetition of consonant sounds"

Example:
“When to the sessions of sweet silent thought / I summon up remembrance of things past”

From Sonnet 30 by Shakespeare Assonance is the repetition of similar vowel sounds.

Example:
“My words like silent raindrops fell…”
From Sounds of Silence by Paul Simon

*In this example, it is the 'i' sound that is being repeated. The mood and tone in the poem are the same thing. They're a device that conveys the meaning or feelings within a poem. The rhyme scheme is essentially the "sequence in which the rhyme occurs. This rhyming word is the last word in the sentence. The first rhyming word is labeled at the letter "a". The following sentence will have either the same sound or a second sound, this being represented as "b". Basically, for each different rhyming word, a different letter is assigned to it.

Example:
"My cat is nice. A
My cat likes mice. A
My cat is fat. B
I like my cat." B Imagery Imagery is the use of words or phrases that stimulate one or a combination of senses; sight, smell, taste, touch and hear.

Example:
As I stood watching the waves crash onto the sand, the taste of the salty air lingered on my lips The repetition in this stanza is "Because I do not hope" Websites used for definitions, examples, etc:
Definitions of poetic devices: http://www.brookplace.net/poems-for-the-world/devices.htm
Majority of examples used: http://campuses.fortbendisd.com/campuses/documents/teacher/2008/teacher_20080829_1416.pdf
Repetition example: http://www.englishlanguageterminology.org/repetition.htm
Rhyme scheme example: http://www.poetry4kids.com/blog/lessons/rhyme-schemes-poetry-lesson-plan/ The rhyme scheme
is A A B B.
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