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Copy of Nathaniel Hawthorne
Transcript of Copy of Nathaniel Hawthorne
The American Romanticism era came shortly after the European Romanticism era. The difference between the American version and the European version is that American Romanticism wrote more fiction novels than poetry and the European version wrote more poetry. Though the types of writings may be different the characteristics of each are basically the same…
Characteristics of American Romanticism
Plot demonstrates romantic love
Plot arranged around crisis moments
Description provides a "feeling" of the scene
Characters and setting set apart from society; characters were not of our own conscious kind
Nathaniel Hawthorne’s style can be classified as
Old classic romance with the use of psychological themes as well.
Novels by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Scarlett Letter is about a young woman that is accused of adultery after she gets pregnant. She is publically shamed by wearing a “Scarlett Letter” A over her waist so that all may know of her actions. A romance none the less of secret affairs and deceit make this a marvelous story to follow. Hawthorne’s detail and the use of stylistic elements are clearly the reason for his great success not only in The Scarlett Letter, but others I’m sure.
Born July 4th 1804 in Salem, MA.
His family was of a Puritan background, which
greatly influenced his writing.
In 1808 his father died and left Nathaniel, his mother,
and two sisters to have to rely on family for support
During his childhood, he had an interest in
reading and thinking
In 1821, he studied English, writing, and the
classics at Bowdoin College in Maine.
In 1850 he wrote his most well known novel
The Scarlett Letter
In 1825, he graduated from college and isolated himself from the world back home in Salem.
In 1828, his first novel is published,
, which the public ignores.
In 1839 Hawthorne took a job at the Boston Custom House
On July 9th 1842 Hawthorne married Sophia Peabody after a three year
On March 3rd, 1844 their first child is born. Her name is Una.
On June 2, 1846 the couple's second child, a son, is born.
He is nameless for the first few months of his life until
his parents agree on "Julian."
In the month of June 1849 Hawthorne is dismissed from Salem Custom House in a political shakeup. He is furious and declares, "I detest this town so much that I hate to go out into the streets, or to have people see me."37 He begins work on a novel about adultery and hypocrisy in Salem.
In 1852 Hawthorne writes the Blithedale Romance.
After returning to the United States in 1859 Hathorne writes
the Marble Faun.
On May 19th 1864 Nathaniel Hawthorne in Plymouth, New Hampshire..
In May of 1851 their last child and daughter is born. Her
name is Rose
In 1853 Hawthorne's old college pal Franklin Pierce takes office as President and awards Hawthorne a political appointment as U.S. Consul in Liverpool. The Hawthorne family sails to England.
Major Themes and Motifs in Hawthorne's Writings
presumed guilt or innocence
crimes against the human heart
the penalties of isolation
When the young woman-the mother of this child-stood fully revealed before the crowd, it seemed to be her first impulse to clasp the infant closely to her bosom; not so much by an impulse of motherly affection, as that she might thereby conceal a certain token, which was wrought or fastened into her dress. In a moment, however, wisely judging that one token of her shame would but poorly serve to hide another, she took the baby on her arm, and, with a burning blush, and yet a haughty smile, and a glance that would not be abashed, looked around at her townspeople and neighbors. On the breast of her gown, in fine red cloth, surrounded with an elaborate embroidery and fantastic flourishes of gold-thread, appeared the letter A. It was so artistically done, and with so much fertility and gorgeous luxuriance of fancy, that it had all the effect of a last and fitting decoration to the apparel which she wore; and which was of a splendor in accordance with the taste of the age, but greatly beyond what was allowed by the sumptuary regulations of the colony.
adultery and hypocrisy
placed at the Blithedale farm which
means "Happy Valley." A romance is flourished between the narrator Coverdale and Priscilla which later ends in tradgedy.
Isolation is one of the central themes of The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne and of "Bartleby, the Scrivener" by Herman Melville. The manner in which each of the central characters respond to their isolation ultimately reveals their fates. Hester, the central character in The Scarlet Letter, is symbolic of the flaws and graces which make humans human and which have the power to alienate individuals from the rest of society. Bartleby, the central character in "Bartleby, the Scrivener," is symbolic of a dehumanizing and hopeless world which is equally isolating. The psychological affects of isolation take on a powerful meaning for Hester and Bartleby. Whether the final outcome is positive or negative depends greatly on the character's personality. --Michele R. Acosta
Puritan New England
Influences for Hawthorne
birthplace, Salem, MA.
His puritan background
Belief in the devil