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Riley's Naming Compounds Project

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Riley Short

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Riley's Naming Compounds Project

By Riley Short :) Naming Compounds Sodium Chloride
Sodium Hydroxide
Titanium Dioxide Softsoap Hand Soap Monopotassium Phosphate Suave Shampoo Trisodium Phosphate
Calcium Carbonate
Tricalcium Phosphate Reese's Puffs Cereal Hydrochloric Acid Lysol Toilet Bowl Cleaner Trisodim Phosphate Calcium Carbonate Tricalcium Phosphate Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Chloride Titanium Dioxide Cool Blue Gatorade Monopotassium Phosphate Suave Conditioner Ammonium Chloride Potassium Chloride Potassium Chloride Ammonium Chloride Potassium Chloride •Facts
-Can burn skin and eyes if in large
amount
-Sold at most hardware stores in
white powder form

•Uses
-It is commonly found in dry cereals
in small amounts
-Also used in cleaning products in
larger amounts
-Commonly used to prepare surfaces
for painting

•Health Benefits/Hazards
-It isn’t bad for you in small doses,
approved by FDA •Purpose-The primary function is acidity regulation
-It can also be a stain remover or
a general cleaning agent

•Properties
-Formula: Na3PO4
-Molecular Compound
-White crystalline powder
-Average mass: 163.940704 Da
-Soluble in water Hydrochloric Acid •Facts
-Found in chalk, limestone, and marble
-Very useful and versatile
-Reacts with all acids, producing carbon
dioxide

•Uses
-In some medications
-In writing chalk
-In papers, plastics, paints, and coatings
-Used as a filler and sometimes as a
coating pigment
-Is found in baking powder, toothpaste,
dry-mix dessert mixes, and dough •Health Benefits/Hazards
-Effective dietary calcium
supplement

•Purpose
-Antacid
-Phosphate binder
-Base material for medicinal
tablets

•Properties
-Formula: CaCO3
-White in color, crystalline
form
-Melting point: 825 degrees
Celsius
-Insoluble in water •Facts
- The teeth and skeletons
of vertebrate animals are
composed of calcium
phosphate
-Found in nature as a rock

•Uses
-Fertilizer
-Used in powdered spices
as an anticaking agent
-Cheese products
-Porcelain
-Dental powders •Health Benefits/Hazards
- Effective dietary calcium supplement
-Helps healthy bones, teeth, and blood
-Safe to use in proper amount

•Purpose
-Food additive
-Nutritional Supplement

•Properties
-Formula: Ca3(PO4)2
-White powder solid
-Odorless
-Melting Point: 1670 degrees Celsius
- Molecular Weight: 1004.6 •Facts
- Also known as common salt
-It is a type of electrolyte

•Uses
-In most foods
- Replaces low levels of sodium
in the body

•Health Benefits/Hazards
- Essential to good health
-Too much can be very bad for you,
it can cause certain diseases •Purpose
-Preserving and seasoning of foods
-In water, washes out wounds

•Properties
-Formula: NaCl
-White or clear crystals
- Melting Point: 800.8 degrees Celsius
-Soluble in water
-Relative density of 2.17 •Facts
-A strong base
-Corrosive to several metals

•Uses
-In the manufacturing of sodium salts
and detergents
-pH regulation
-Organic synthesis
-Detergents

•Health Benefits/Hazards
-Sodium hydroxide solutions can cause
chemical burns on skin and eyes
-May cause permanent blindness if it
contacts eyes •Purpose
-Cleaning agent
-Dissolves grease, fats, proteins, and oils

•Properties
-Formula: NaOH
-Soluble in water
-Melting point: 318 degrees Celsius
-Boiling point: 1388 degrees Celsius
-White-ish solid Citations: •Facts
-Very toxic
-Also called Titanium White

•Uses
-Paint
-Varnish
-Cleaning products

•Health Benefits/Hazards
-Can cause lung irritation if breathed in
-Causes irritation on skin when in contact too long

•Purpose
-A pigment in paints, varnishes, enamels, and lacquers
-Use in coated fabrics and textiles on natural and artificial
leather, oilcloth, upholstery materials, and wall coverings
-A shoe whitener

•Properties
-Formula: TiO2
-Formula Weight: 79.866
-White color
-Melting point: 1800 degrees Celsius
-Density: 4230 kg m^-3 •Facts
-Strong acidic taste
-Sometimes known as MKP

•Uses
-Put in food and beverages
-Fertilizer
-Food additive

•Health Benefits/Hazards
-Nutritional fortifier
-Provides hydration •Purpose
-Buffering agent
- pH control agent
-Leavening agent
-Flavor

•Properties
-Formula: KH2PO4
-Molar mass: 136.086 g/mol
-Boiling point: 400 degrees Celsius
-Melting point: 252.6 degrees Celsius
-Soluble in water
-Colorless (clear), crystalline
-Odorless •Facts
-The product from the reaction of
hydrochloric acid and ammonia
-Reacts with strong bases

•Uses
-Fertilizers
-Fireworks and other explosives
-Cough medicine
-Food additive
-Dietary supplement •Health Benefits/Hazards
- Vomiting
-Drowsiness
-Possible hyperventilation
-Safe in small amounts

•Purpose
-In baking, gives crisp texture
-Maintains proper pH levels
-Increases chloride levels in blood

•Properties
-Formula: NH4Cl
-Soluble in water
- Crystalline solid
-White •Facts
-Vital in the human body
-Can be extracted from salt water
-Once called “Super K”

•Uses
- Prescription Drug
-Used heavily in agriculture
-Fertilizers
-Some medications
-Many household products •Health Benefits/Hazards
- Restores low potassium levels
-Toxic in excess, can cause death

•Purpose
-Salt substitute
-Increases plant growth

•Properties
-Formula: KCl
-Soluble in water
-White or clear crystals
- Melting Point: 770 degrees Celsius
-Odorless •Facts
-Solution of hydrogen chloride in water
- Found naturally in gastric acid
-Also called muriatic acid
•Uses
-Production of chlorides, fertilizers, and dyes
-In the photographic, textile, and rubber
industries
-Many different cleaning products

•Health Benefits/Hazards
-Harmful to the eyes, skin, and mucous
membranes
-Fatal if ingested
-Should be handled with extreme care •Purpose
-Dissolves many things
-Removes dirt
-Breaks down food in the stomach
(part of stomach acids)

•Properties
-Formula: HCl
-Clear and colorless
-Molecular weight: 36.47 g/mol
-Irritating, pungent odor Allen, Jae. "Is Trisodium Phosphate Bad for You?" LIVESTRONG.COM. Demand Media Inc., 18 Aug. 2011. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Ammonium Chloride." Official FDA Information, Side Effects and Uses. Drugs.com, 17 Feb. 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Calcium Carbonate." Calcium Carbonate. Industrial Minerals Association, 2009. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Calcium Carbonate Oral." WebMD. WebMD, 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

Carrodeguas, R. G. "Tricalcium Phosphate: Synthesis, Properties and Biomedical Applications." ScienceDirect.com. Elsevier Ltd., 2011. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

Clayton, Kyle. "Uses for Potassium Chloride." LIVESTRONG.COM. Demand Media Inc., 11 Aug. 2010. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Common Menu Bar Links." Titanium Dioxide : OSH Answers. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety, 20 Feb. 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

Das, Subrata. "Some Important Facts of Titanium Dioxide Used in Textile Industry - a Challenge to Nanotechnology - Free Textile Industry Articles - Fibre2fashion.com."Some Important Facts of Titanium Dioxide Used in Textile Industry - a Challenge to Nanotechnology - Free Textile Industry Articles - Fibre2fashion.com. San Blue Enterprises, 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.
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"Medicines & Treatments Centre." Sodium Chloride: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing. WebMD, 5 Mar. 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Monopotassium Phosphate (MKP)." Monopotassium Phosphate and Liquid Monopotassium Phosphate at FBC Industries. FBC Industries, 2009. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Monopotassium Phosphate." LIVESTRONG.COM. Demand Media Inc., 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Physical Properties." Physical Properties of Salt & Sodium Chloride. Salt Institute, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Salt and Good Health." Sea Salts & Bath Salts. Salt Works, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Titanium Dioxide." WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements. The University of Sheffield, 2012. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Trisodium Phosphate." Facts about. Evi Technologies Ltd., 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.

"Trisodium Phosphate." Innophos. N.p., 28 Aug. 2007. Web.

Woods, D., and A. Joseph. "What Is Ammonium Chloride?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, 2013. Web. 06 Mar. 2013.
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