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Self Determination Theory
Transcript of Self Determination Theory
Self-determination theory (SDT) is a macro theory of human motivation and personality, concerning people's inherent growth tendencies and their innate psychological needs. It is concerned with the motivation behind the choices that people make without any external influence and interference. SDT focuses on the degree to which an individual’s behaviour is self-motivated and self-determined.
Strengths & Weaknesses
1. Undertake challenges that maximize long-term learning and development
2. Achieve at higher levels
3. Stay in school rather than dropping out
4. Increases interpersonal involvement
5. Increase in attendance rates of classes
Edward Deci & Richard Ryan
Edward L. Deci is a Professor of Psychology and Gowen Professor in the Social Sciences at the University of Rochester, and director of its human motivation program. He is well known in psychology for his theories of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and basic psychological needs.
Self Determination Theory
By Nicola Kemp & Lachlan O'Keefe
Richard M. Ryan (born in 1953) is an American professor of psychology, psychiatry and education at the University of Rochester. Richard M. Ryan has been one of the leading theorists of human motivation.
Martin Luther King Jr. He was the leader of millions in the fight for racial justice.
His way with words and his conviction and passion of his speeches rose millions to believe in themselves and fight for their racial justice.
If educators can provide hope, just like Dr King did, for a child through their teachings they can provide them the foundations that support learning and self-determination throughout their lifetime.
Intrinsic vs Extrinsic
Social and Cultural
Motivation in the Classroom
noun // the act or power of making one’s own mind about what to think or do, without outside influence or compulsion
The Bubble Theory
Modern vs Traditional
Eastern vs Western
We can’t choose what happens
us but we can choose what happens
Our culture is something that has developed over time, for example modern culture has a tendency to spread out, to build empires, to capitalize on as many resources as possible. Modern culture seems to be held together by power and things, not by people and relationships, and a culture that is strongly influenced by media.
Deci and Ryan researched to what capacity students internalize their motivation and rely on their own independence and autonomy. In a supportive classroom it was found that students develop that intrinsic motivation more so than others which led to better performance.
Eastern cultures place high value on effort and Chinese culture in particular emphasises social harmony through education.
Western culture emphasizes the importance of hard work albeit for the purpose of personal success and usually an abundance of rewards
Autonomy support from teachers and parents has been associated with or predicted more autonomous motivation in students, higher academic outcomes, better psychological well-being, fewer problem behaviours, higher self-esteem, less dropping out, and stronger persistence in educational settings.
These positive associations and predictions across a wide range of cultures that value autonomy support very differently provides substantial cross-cultural validation of SDT hypotheses concerning the fundamental importance motivational autonomy and autonomy support play in students’ functioning.
SDT is centred on the belief that human nature shows persistent positive features, that it repeatedly shows effort, action and commitment in their lives that the theory calls "inherent growth tendencies." People also have essential psychological needs that are the basis for self-motivation and personality integration.
Deci and Vansteenkiste claim that there are three essential elements of the theory:
1. Humans are inherently proactive with their potential and mastering their inner forces (such as drives and emotions)
2. Humans have inherent tendency toward growth development and integrated functioning
3. Optimal development and actions are inherent in humans but they don’t happen automatically
3 Essential Elements
Self-Determination Theory exposed the sometime negative effect of motivating people by rewarding them
Self-Determination Theory exposed the sometime negative effect of motivating people by rewarding them.
16 Personality Types
Concerned primarily with promoting in students an interest in learning,
A valuing of education,
and a confidence in their own capacities and attributes.
Self Determination is most commonly associated with Intrinsic Motivation
intrinsic motivation meaning; to be driven to succeed from your own dedication
Self-determination can be found in everyone
It is possible for anyone to strive for success
I am Self Determined
SDT in the realm of Education
Surveillance - People who know they are going to be evaluated based on their performance have a lower sense of self-determination, as a result, are less intrinsically motivated (Ormrod,2008,p.466).
Evaluation--when people can undermine their own sense of self-determination simply by imaging that others may be evaluating their performance (Deci & Ryan,1992; Ryan,1982).
She did not let her poverty, her race, her gender or anyone deter her from her mission of having a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame