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Malaysian Studies Presentation

Critically assess Malaysia's role in the ASEAN & United Nations.
by

Denise Kuay

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of Malaysian Studies Presentation

Critically Assess Malaysia's Role In ASEAN & UN Malaysian Studies Presentation
2012 Group Members
Soh Li Hui (Belinda) 0104377
Denise Kuay Shian Shee 0104144
Dylan Tan Ren Wei 0104369
Nur Iman Aqilah Abdul Rahman 0104231 Introduction of ASEAN & UN What?
The Association of the South East Asian Nations

Why?
To secure economic interests in a shifting global framework
-Motivated the US to deepen engagement with multilateral institutions to secure US influence ASEAN Fundamental Principles: -

ASEAN Member Countries have adopted the following fundamental principles in their relations with one another, as contained in the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC):

Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations

The right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or coercion

Non-interference in the internal affairs of one another

Settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful manner

Renunciation of the threat or use of force

Effective cooperation among themselves UN What?
The United Nations (UN)

Why?
to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development, based on the principles of justice, human dignity and the well- being of all people WHO? China France Founder of ASEAN: -
Adam Malik of Indonesia
Narciso R. Ramos of the Philippines
Tun Abdul Razak of Malaysia
S. Rajaratnam of Singapore
Thanat Khoman of Thailand

Declaration: -
1st 5 countries’ ( Philipines, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore & Malaysia) declaration was signed in Bangkok on 8th August 1967

On 7th January 1984, Brunei joined while Vietnam joined on 28th July 1995

Laos PDR and Myanmar joined on 23rd of July 1997

The tenth country, Cambodia joined on 30th April 1999 United Kingdom United States Israel Argentina India Austria Uruguay Brazil Ireland Canada Puerto Rico Peru Denmark New Zealand Hungary Germany Australia Iceland Italy Japan Norway Pakistan South Africa Spain Venuzuela Romania Hong Kong Ukraine Portugal Greece Sweeden Palestine Chile Nerherlands Saudi Arabia Mexico Indonesia Singapore Russia Switzerland Malaysia Finland Belgium Poland Thailand Cameroon South Korea The soviet Union Signing of Charter
26th of June 1945
San Francisco

UN officially came into existence
24th October 1945 The Principles of the United Nations: -

All Member States have sovereign equality

All Member States must obey the Charter

Countries must try to settle their differences by peaceful means

Countries must avoid using force or threatening to use force

The UN may not interfere in the domestic affairs of any country

Countries should try to assist the United Nations FUNCTIONS OF Malaysia in THE ASEAN DEPARTMENT: -

Malaysia has held a lot of trade and industrial relationships with other members of ASEAN

Malaysia also contributed to the political and social cooperation

Helped also in the aspect of education, health and social needs

Made concrete contributions to bring peace, prosperity and economic growth to the ASEAN region and to the country Malaysia in ASEAN Other Roles of Malaysia in ASEAN

Idea of ASEAN Charter came from Malaysia

What is the ASEAN Charter? It’s a firm foundation in achieving the ASEAN Community by providing legal status and institutional framework for ASEAN The importance of the ASEAN Charter can be seen in the following contexts: -

New political commitment at the top level
New and enhanced commitments
New legal framework, legal personality
New ASEAN bodies
Two new openly-recruited DSGs
More ASEAN meetings
More roles of ASEAN Foreign Ministers
New and enhanced role of the Secretary-General of ASEAN
Other new initiatives and changes Played an important role in making the association as ASEAN 10. Although during the 1997 summit which Malaysia hosted, it only managed to get Asean Nine due to an unfortunate turn of event in Cambodia was left out but later joined

Also initiated the plan of Asean Plus Three (ASEAN +3) summit, namely Asean and China, Japan and South Korea mooted by Malaysia’s fourth Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad

Responsible for the East Asia Summit (EAS) and created the slogan currently used by ASEAN : ‘One Vision, One Identity, One Community.’

In 2015, Malaysia will be taking the chair of ASEAN with the task of leading the preparation for another big picture of ASEAN’s direction. Q&A Thank you for your attention... :)(: Malaysia in UN When?
17th of September 1957

Why?
To ensure the sovereignty and rights of every country, and no country can intervene in other countries' affairs

Provide a peaceful global community
a) The General Assembly of the UN
b) The Security Council

Socio-economy matters must be performed by the UN's Secretariat
- WHO - ILO - UNESCO - IMF
- UNPROFOR - UNISOM
- UNCTAD
Malaysia believes in the importance of the UN in determining world peace and prosperity

Malaysia was selected to lead the countries of Group 77, assigned to discuss issues involving world development Role of Malaysia in UN

Support women, men, children

But specially for poorest and most vulnerable

Helps free citizens from needs, danger and in health

UN works with Malaysia government

UN works as a individual agencies and specializes funds

Supports coordination of national and international action to protect rights and well being of unknown and uninvolved communities including refugees and migrants Malaysia was also chosen to become the leader of ICDATT, an international agency assigned to combat drug abuse

Malaysia is also involve in performing UN's policy, such as sending peacekeeping forces to Congo (1961), Somalia (1995), Bosnia (1996) and the Iraq-Iraq border (1990)

WHO has assisted research and helped improve the living standard and conditions of the people

FAO has helped in food production

UNESCO has developed the national education system * ASEAN has become a priority for Malaysia in determining the direction of our foreign policy

* Promoted unity between countries in ASEAN and
even promoted tourism.

* Promoted peace among the nations of ASEAN * ASEAN and UN share some common goals and principles
* UN’s cooperation with ASEAN has historically been focused on economic and development areas
* Malaysia can be seen as close working partners with the other countries which are involved in UN and ASEAN
* Have shared agendas to work on
* Malaysia has not only contributed a lot to ASEAN and UN but these organizations have in turn contributed a lot to the success of Malaysia as well
* Both organizations look into the brighter future of every country in their organization
* Malaysia has played a significant role in both ASEAN and UN How everything is related Significance of ASEAN Significance of UN There are a few organizations under UN which are very significant

* WHO
* Food And Agricultural Organization (FAO)
* UNESCO * ASEAN and UN share some common goals and principles

* UN’s cooperation with ASEAN has historically been focused on economic and development areas

* Malaysia can be seen as close working partners with the other countries which are involved in UN and ASEAN

* Have shared agendas to work on

* Both organizations look into the brighter future of every country in their organization

* Malaysia has played a significant role in both ASEAN and UN
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