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P1 + M1 + D1

Describe four roles and four responsabilities of sports coaches,using examples of coaches from different sports.

James Smith

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of P1 + M1 + D1

Describe the four roles and four responsibilities of sports coaches, using examples of coaches from different sports. describe three skills common to successful sports coaches, using examples of coaches from different sports.
P1 + M1 + D1
Roles of a Coach
It is important for a coach to be a friend, i think it is one of the most important roles. The coach will often be called upon to give advise to his players. A player's mental condition will affect his game or competition. The coach needs to make a bond between is player and make then want to play for him. If the player is going through a difficult situation at school or at home, the coach should be available to talk him through it. The coach should also be able to make his players to make their own choices that are relevant to their sport, whether for short-term training or for decisions such as how to pick a college or a team to further a career.
A coach has many different roles to get the best out of their students, therefore a coach must have the ability to communicate and connect to everyone they come into contact with within their role.

The four main roles that i am going to be looking at are...
- Friend
- Educator
- Role Model
- Innovator

The coach in the position of trainer will work with an athlete who is learning new skills. It is the coach's job to put his learners the different exercise in which they can improve their game. The coach will closely watch his player train to see what they need to improve their technique. The coach will put the athletes through warmup exercises so their muscles are ready for play. The coach will share his own knowledge with his players.
Role Model
As a coach you must present yourself as a role model in different ways. You must be presentable and approachable towards the participants and towards parents and even spectators. The way you conduct yourself, such as your body language and posture whilst in the presence of your athletes provides an example of how they should behave. Another way that a coach can be a role model to their learners could be what they have achieved in their past. For example if their coach was a great footballer and was very successful. His learners will want to be like him. Like Alan Shearer when he took over Newcastle
A good coach must be an innovator because they must make sure that their learners do not get bored, stay interested and want to be the best at what they do. It is coach's innovative to develop new ways to encourage players, whether by showing a video or giving a speech. A coach must create different and creative dills and methods that build on and encourage team member knowledge and ability. Doing this will keep the participants interested and eliminate boredom.
Responsibilities of a Coach
As a coach their are many different responsibilities. Here is a list of all the thing which a coach is responsible for...

- Legal obligations, such as child protection
- professional conduct
- Health and Safety
- Equal Opportunities
- Knowledge of the coaching environment
Legal Obligations
Health and Safety
Professional Conduct
Equal Opportunities
Coaches must ensure that all reasonable steps have been taken to ensure a safe working environment. Facility and equipment must be checked for any sort of hazard, if a hazard is found the danger must be removed. This means that the work done should be kept in practice with the standards required by the National Governing Body. For example in sports such as football the National Governing Body will require that all coaches must go by certain safety standards when an individual is undertaking a particular aspect of the sport.
As a football coach it is their responsibility to spot any signs of abuse amongst any participants. It is vital, that the coach is able to recognise the signs of abuse and know what to do if they suspect anything.

Also it is the coach's responsibility not to abuse the children in their own care by bullying or criticising them in front of their peers. They must also make sure that they do not expose your children to extremes of weather, leave their children unsupervised, tell them to 'get on with it!' when they have been injured or train them in an over intense or in a way inappropriate to their age.
It is very important for a coach to have insurance. Coaches should have appropriate insurance that covers both public liability and personal accidents. Many governing bodies include insurance as part of their affiliation fee. This means that if a person had gotten their coach badges at college. They are not able to just go straight in to coaching. The coach must have the right insurance for the job and must be CRB checked.
As a coach it is important that you look and act professional, here is what is called the Code of Professional Conduct.

- Always conduct themselves to the highest level of responsibility.

-Treat all participants with absolute dignity, confidentiality and respect as free and equal individuals.

-Maintain a good reputation of the knowledge in the sport that you are coaching.

-Respect the absolute right of any of the participants confidentiality, which is also required by law.

- Recommend different resources or advise when these will be more appropriate to the client’s needs.

- Share skills and experience with participants to further increase the body of knowledge, skills and ability.
As a coach, in the sessions they need to create and friendly environment. It is their job to develop a culture that enables and values the full involvement of all participants , promoting the principles of equality, through the delivery of inclusive, high quality sport. A coach needs to make sure that they create an environment in which all have equal opportunities to engage in sport, whether as participants, competitors or volunteers. A good coach needs to respond to the diverse needs, capabilities and preferences of each and every participant, by ensuring appropriate levels of equality. Also they need to overcome potential barriers for those individuals and groups currently under-represented as participants.
Finally i am going to look at the different types of skills a coach needs to be successful.

Here are the different types of skills a coach needs...

- Communication
- Organisation
- Analysing
- Problem solving
- Evaluating
- Time Management
Skills of a Coach
As for a coach communication is the key of success. Sharing meaningful information with your students by means of an interchange of experience. It is the coach's job to motivate the athletes they are teaching and to provide them with information and experience that will allow them to train effectively and improve performance and ability. Communication from the coach to athlete will initiate appropriate actions and t improve at whatever they are learning . This is and important part of coaching because it requires the athlete to receive the information from the coach but also to understand and accept it.
Communication (Verbal)
Time Management
Communication (Non-Verbal)
While the coach is speaking, it is very important that his students listen. If the coach has poor posture and doesn't show any enthusiasm towards him students when talking their is a chance that the students will not listen. A good group speak uses different parts of his body using actions to get his point across. Smooth flow of communication can come from such behavior which includes head-nods, smiles, frowns, bodily contact, eye movements, laughter, body posture, language and many other actions. The facial expressions of athletes provide feedback to the coach.
As a coach, they have the responsibility of telling their athletes whether or not they are using proper technique in their skills. They should also be able to tell them the specific corrections which will improve their skills. A football manager does this by sitting down with him team and watching a previous game. They can then identify each different players skills and weaknesses. It is then the coach's job to find out these weaknesses and then communicate with this player and tell and even show what they have to do to improve their ability.
As a coach, time management is important from turning up on time to how long a training session lasts. This is an important skill because, time management links in with being a role model. If the coach turn up late for a training session, this will look bad and have a negative effect on their students, they may start turning up late. During a training session it is important that the coach plans each drill well, and how long they last. It is important that they do not last too long and the coach over does the participants and they get bored. It is also important they are not too short. They coach need to bring out the best in their students and to improve their ability.
A good example of a coach whicih is also a friend is Pep Guardiola, this is because he has a very close relationship with his players , such as Lional Messi who was only 20 year old when Guardiola took over Barcalona, in the last four year Pep grew a very strong relationship with Messi. He also has become a friend with the player by bringing talented youth through to the first team.An example of this is a player called Cristain Tello and Thiaglo Alicanta, when Pep took over these two were only sixteen and Pep had now become very close frinds with these as he has brought them through to the first team.
Pep Guardiola is another good exmaple of this, this is because when he took over Barcalona, Lional Messi was only 20 year old, Guardiola has been training and working with Messi ever since. Now Lionel is 25 and has won the Balen D'or award (player of the year, in the world) 3 years running.
A master of the tactical game and of winning pressure one-off games, Rafael Benitez has the pedigree to be a great manager. Made his name with Valencia before moving to England to manage Liverpool and has led them to 2 Champions League finals in 3 years.
Techniques of a Coach
Finally i am going to look at the techniques that are used by coaches to improve the performance of athletes. The techniques that i am going to be looking at are...

- Observation Analysis
- Goal Setting
- Effective Demonstration
Observation Analysis
Goal Setting
Effective Demonstration
It is very important for the coach to give observation analysis when his participants are training or competing, doing this enables the coach to look back and reflect on what the participant is doing good and bad and where they can improve on their game. In professional football, a new thing is getting installed in many different stadiums. This is called PROZONE, this is where a certain amount of cameras are installed around the stadium and will record each player throughout the game. This enables the coach to look back on each individual and look and where they need to improve.
Goals are important and effective in coaching. This is because these goals challenge lead to higher performance than easy goals. Easy goals are unlikely to arouse much effort or interest. Goals which are set unrealistically high will produce failure even after concerted effort. Goals have to be set at a moderately difficult level in order to be motivating.
Specific goals result in better performance than general do your best type goals. Specific goals are effective because they set standards against which individuals can measure personal performance, they also act as guides for current behavior.
Feedback is also necessary for goal setting to be effective. It allows individuals to adjust behavior so that they are on target for goal achievement.
It is important for the coach to give effective demonstrations because the purpose of a demonstration is to increase the players understanding of the skill by providing an accurate model from which to learn. For players to make appropriate decisions on how to execute skills, coaches need to provide an explanation and a demonstration so that players can learn and practice. An effective skill demonstration requires careful planning by the coach.
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