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rana wahba

on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of Burns

First Degree Burns
A first degree burn is a burn that only affects the top layer of the skin.

Second Degree Burns
Red skin
Formation of blisters (may discharge fluid)
Wet, blotchy skin
Third Degree Burns
Darker, charred skin
A white appearance of the underlying tissue
Extremely painful (unless nerve ends are destroyed)
A burn is an injury mainly caused by heat and sometimes caused by electricity or chemicals.
The burns' seriousness depend on many factors many of which are:
The cause
The location
The time
The depth
The size
The victim
The seriousness of the burns are classified in degrees
Signs and symptoms:
Red, dry skin
Prevention methods:
Don't let children near hot material.
Turn down the thermostat in dishwasher and other households.
Test bathwater before usage.
Apply sunscreen.
What to do:
Remove from source of burn.
Cool the burned area using running water. (If burn can't reach running water, use clean sheets or towels soaked in cold water or get the victim to stand under the shower.)
Use sterile bandages to loosely cover the burn.
A Second degree burn is a burn that includes the top layers of the skin.
Signs and symptoms:
Prevention methods:
Practicing cautions around hot sources
Take precautions when cooking
Keep children away from the reach of any source of flame
Make sure a source of running cold water is close to you when cooking or using a source of heat
What to do:
Call for advanced medical help if burn is on face or hands or is bigger than 2-3 inches.
Remove from source of burn.
Cool the burned area with running water or wet towels.
Do not break a blister.
Do not remove tissue.
Cover the burn loosely with sterile bandages.
Raise burned area higher than heart level.
If burns cover large areas of body, cover victim with dry, clean sheets to help with pain and prevent infection.
Large burns
Be ready to treat the victim from shock!
Signs and symptoms:
A third degree burn is a burn that affects all layers of the skin and even the underlying tissue (such as: muscles, bones and nerves.)
Prevention methods:
Install fire extinguishers
Install proper children safety equipment around the house
Don't allow kids into the kitchen while cooking
Store matches and other sources of flame away from children's reach
What to do:
Call more advanced health care (911/123)
Remove from source of burn
Treatment victim from shock
Check for breathing (give rescue breathing as needed)
Do not:
remove clothing from burned area
break any blisters
remove any tissue
apply anything cold to burned area
Use sterile bandages or clean cloth to loosely cover the burned area
Electrical Burns
Chemical Burns
An electrical burn is a burn that occurs when electricity travels through the body and ma be caused by lightning or a power line or damaged electrical equipment.
The seriousness of this type of burns depend on different factors:
the strength of the electrical current
the path that the current has taken through the body
*As the electrical current enters and leaves the body it may become wounded.
Visible burns on skin
pain (skin and muscles)
Numbness and tingling
Weakness, disoriented feeling
Bone fractures, muscle contractions
Irregular heartbeat
Signs and symptoms:
Prevention methods:
Avoid being outdoors in lightning storms
Install child safety plugs in all electrical outlets
Turn off circuit breakers when making any repairs
Do not use any electrical gadgets next to water
Do not touch any electrical gadgets while touching water pipes or faucets
Avoid touching any electrical gadgets or being close to electricity while wet or showering
What to do
Immediately call for advanced medical help (911/123)
Turn off source of electricity
Treat the victim from shock
Don't move the victim
Use DRY sterile bandages to loosely cover the burned area
Don't use cold water or any other material because the victim may be in shock.
A chemical burn is a burn that occurs when chemicals get on the skin or in the eyes.
*The chemicals continue to burn the skin as long as they are in contact
Signs and symptoms:
Blackened skin
Burning of the affected are
(chemicals in eyes) loss of changes in vision
Prevention methods:
Use rubber gloves when cleaning
Open windows when using chemicals in house
Be very careful when using chemicals in labs (wear safety gowns/make sure emergency showers and eyewash stations are available)
Dispose of all chemicals safely/properly
Keep chemicals away from children's reach
What to do:
Remove victim from source of burn
If burn is severe call advanced medical help (911/123)
Flush skin/eye with slowly low pressured, cool, running water
Use dry sterile bandages to loosely cover the area

• O'Brien, Maria. "How to Prevent Third Degree Burns | EHow." EHow. Demand Media, 17 June 2008. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.ehow.com/how_2338006_prevent-third-degree-burns.html>.
• N.p., 2006. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. <http://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/fire_and_burns.html>.
• "Household Safety: Preventing Burns, Shocks, and Fires." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Mary Mondozzi. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Jan. 2012. Web. 06 Feb. 2014. <http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/home/safety_burns.html>.
• "Burns-Prevention." WebMD. WebMD, 10 Jan. 0000. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/burns-prevention>.
• "Patient Care." The Mount Sinai Hospital. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.mountsinai.org/patient-care/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/electrical-burns>.
• "Chemical Burns." Healthlines RSS News. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2014. <http://www.healthline.com/health/chemical-burn-or-reaction#Treatment>.
McGrawHill "Modern Health" By Daniel, Eileen.
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