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Japan/Taiwan/Switzerland Social Problems

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on 31 August 2013

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Transcript of Japan/Taiwan/Switzerland Social Problems

Social Problems
A comparison of social problems in Switzerland Taiwan and Japan
Switzerland
Swiss culture
Womb strike
Suicides
Social Withdrawal
Total Fertility Rate
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011
1.46 1.48 1.5 1.54 1.52
http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/themen/01/06/blank/key/02/05.html
Average age at maternity
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011
30.8 31.0 31.2 31.2 31.4
http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/themen/01/06/blank/key/02/06.html
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012
1.23 1.22 1.21 1.2 1.21 1.39
http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=ja&v=31
Switzerland
Japan
Switzerland
What are reasons?
According to a survey published on 12. May 2011
http://www.mistrend.ch/articles/SOPHIA_2011_DEF_FINAL.pdf
Womb Strike
1.16 @TW
1.39 @JP
What's wrong?
High divorce rate
1.88%
2.41%
High ratio of foreign spouse
13%
Princess syndrome
TW
JP
Social Withdraw
Elderly-Devouring Young Adults

Taiwan
Japan
Avg. female age at marriage
29.4
30%
High unemployment rate of new graduates
13.6%
10%
Taiwan
China
Highly educated graduate can’t accept the low end job
Prepare examination for pursuing higher education
High housing price-income ratio
15
One child policy
Suicide
18.8%
/100,000
charcoal-burning suicide
2010 January-May
a series of suicides
1/23
3/11
3/23
3/29
4/6
4/7
5/6
5/11
5/14
5/21
5/25
5/26
5/27
Sheep Effect??
Culture
S
ame education system, but....
Women are working
1
2
Youth wants to fully enjoy their life
3
Cost of children and missing financial means
4
Insufficient child-care opportunities
But...
Source: http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?v=24&c=sz&l=en
Switzerlands population grows...
Immigration
is the reason and
Overpopulation
a fear shared among
many Swiss
In Switzerland called "Social Isolation"
Concerns mostly persons that are socially disadvantaged
22%
of the population have outside of their household a very limited social network
13%
of the population feel a certain isolation in their life
Source: Press Communication by the Swiss Federal Statistics Office - 30. June 2006
The unemployed and the poor
have a higher risk of becoming socially isolated
Bad health status
Older persons
(especially over 75y)
Persons without higher education
Foreigners
Unemployed
Single parents
Certain groups are especially exposed
A higher income enables the possibility of meeting and maintaining social relationships
But there is no comparable Phenomenon in Switzerland like the Hikkikomori in Japan
There are some "Media Kids" (approx. 25% of the youth) that uses media and new technology heavily.
Their "real life" social network suffers because of the time spent with the new media. Some of those kids are quite isolated...
Reasons:
Social Security System
- Unemployment Insurance
- Mandatory health insurance
- Old age, survivors and disability insurance
- Social welfare system (guarantees the subsistence level)

Many charities that focus on the individual problems
Source:
http://www.economypoint.org/s/social-welfare-assistance-switzerland.html
http://www.tagesanzeiger.ch/digital/internet/Die-Maer-von-der-Vereinsamung/story/31279179
http://www.pro-senectute.ch/engagement/tag-des-alters-1102012/tag-des-alters-vom-1-oktober-2011/tag-des-alters-vom-1-oktober-2011/tag-des-alters-vom-110/denk-dran-ruf-an-am-110-ist-tag-des-alters.html
suicides per 100'000 inhabitants
14.3
Reasons
Source: http://suite101.de/article/suizid-in-der-schweiz---erschreckende-zahlen-a68421#axzz2REzL1Man
Suicide is chosen when there there seems to be no other way...
Especially young men (18-24y) are a risk group
36% of suicides are committed with guns - highest in Europe
Why?
It is argued that the wide availability of guns in Switzerland is a reason

Between and guns are hold in Swiss households

of those guns are army weapons that military members and sports clubs hold

of the gun related suicides are committed by men
2.2
3.4 Mil.
535'000
95%
This does not mean however, that the availability of guns is related to the high suicide rate!
Poster for an initiative to ban army weapons from households (2011)
The Initiative was rejected by the Swiss population with 56.3%
Another Swiss speciality....
Source: http://www.ejpd.admin.ch/content/ejpd/de/home/dokumentation/abstimmungen/2011-02-13.html
Source: http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/specials/switzerland_for_the_record/european_records/Switzerland_s_troubling_record_of_suicide.html?cid=8301804
Assisted suicide
"Assisted suicide is when one or more individuals help another person commit suicide, i.e. directly, intentionally, and voluntarily cause his or her own death."
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assisted_suicide
Legal in Switzerland since 1941
The law prohibits doctors, spouses, children, or other such related parties to assist in the suicide.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide_in_Switzerland
But assisted suicide is commercially available
exit.ch
dignitas.ch
Multiculturality
Isolation because of non-conformity is less likely
Direct democracy
Everyone can launch a petition/initiative if he/she is not happy with something (on legislative level) and problems are publicly discussed
Conservatism
Traditional definition of the role of women
Christian background (in regards to suicides but
also social responsibility)
Switzerland is tiny....
...and it is easier to solve the problems of 7.9 Million inhabitants in contrast
to 126 Million
Q&A
Thank you
Growth of population in %
Japan
Taiwan
Switzerland
Womb Strike
Social Withdrawal
Suicides
Goverment approach towards
social problems
?
Child allowance
Child allowance
Paternity vacation
Increased child care (not national though)
Slow awareness
Fences/Protection on
corporate level
Hotlines
Protection on bridges
Professional help
Not so much...
Addressing issue with money (social secruity)
Hotline
Other ?
Womb Strike
Social Withdraw
Suicide
S
chool bullying accidents
are not rare, but...
V
ery liquidity labor market
C
ouple both have jobs
100%
Reasons:
20%
JP
VS
Full transcript