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Japan/Taiwan/Switzerland Social Problems
Transcript of Japan/Taiwan/Switzerland Social Problems
A comparison of social problems in Switzerland Taiwan and Japan
Total Fertility Rate
1.46 1.48 1.5 1.54 1.52
Average age at maternity
30.8 31.0 31.2 31.2 31.4
1.23 1.22 1.21 1.2 1.21 1.39
What are reasons?
According to a survey published on 12. May 2011
High divorce rate
High ratio of foreign spouse
Elderly-Devouring Young Adults
Avg. female age at marriage
High unemployment rate of new graduates
Highly educated graduate can’t accept the low end job
Prepare examination for pursuing higher education
High housing price-income ratio
One child policy
a series of suicides
ame education system, but....
Women are working
Youth wants to fully enjoy their life
Cost of children and missing financial means
Insufficient child-care opportunities
Switzerlands population grows...
is the reason and
a fear shared among
In Switzerland called "Social Isolation"
Concerns mostly persons that are socially disadvantaged
of the population have outside of their household a very limited social network
of the population feel a certain isolation in their life
Source: Press Communication by the Swiss Federal Statistics Office - 30. June 2006
The unemployed and the poor
have a higher risk of becoming socially isolated
Bad health status
(especially over 75y)
Persons without higher education
Certain groups are especially exposed
A higher income enables the possibility of meeting and maintaining social relationships
But there is no comparable Phenomenon in Switzerland like the Hikkikomori in Japan
There are some "Media Kids" (approx. 25% of the youth) that uses media and new technology heavily.
Their "real life" social network suffers because of the time spent with the new media. Some of those kids are quite isolated...
Social Security System
- Unemployment Insurance
- Mandatory health insurance
- Old age, survivors and disability insurance
- Social welfare system (guarantees the subsistence level)
Many charities that focus on the individual problems
suicides per 100'000 inhabitants
Suicide is chosen when there there seems to be no other way...
Especially young men (18-24y) are a risk group
36% of suicides are committed with guns - highest in Europe
It is argued that the wide availability of guns in Switzerland is a reason
Between and guns are hold in Swiss households
of those guns are army weapons that military members and sports clubs hold
of the gun related suicides are committed by men
This does not mean however, that the availability of guns is related to the high suicide rate!
Poster for an initiative to ban army weapons from households (2011)
The Initiative was rejected by the Swiss population with 56.3%
Another Swiss speciality....
"Assisted suicide is when one or more individuals help another person commit suicide, i.e. directly, intentionally, and voluntarily cause his or her own death."
Legal in Switzerland since 1941
The law prohibits doctors, spouses, children, or other such related parties to assist in the suicide.
But assisted suicide is commercially available
Isolation because of non-conformity is less likely
Everyone can launch a petition/initiative if he/she is not happy with something (on legislative level) and problems are publicly discussed
Traditional definition of the role of women
Christian background (in regards to suicides but
also social responsibility)
Switzerland is tiny....
...and it is easier to solve the problems of 7.9 Million inhabitants in contrast
to 126 Million
Growth of population in %
Goverment approach towards
Increased child care (not national though)
Protection on bridges
Not so much...
Addressing issue with money (social secruity)
chool bullying accidents
are not rare, but...
ery liquidity labor market
ouple both have jobs