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Russia: Before, During, and After WWI
Transcript of Russia: Before, During, and After WWI
Block: A1/ B1 Beginning of the War:
Sparked in 1914 with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian. Russian Political Leaders:
Tsar Nicholas II was in control until the royal families fall in 1917. This is when Alexander Kerensky came in trying to set up a Provisional Government. This didn’t last long because by the end of 1917 Vladimir Lenin had taken over the big cities of Russia and introduced them to communism. Flag during the reign of Lenin Symbol on the flag during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II The Style of Government:
Russia was an autocracy up until 1917. This is when Lenin came in and established the world’s first communist government. Russia's Reason to join the war:
Russia joined the war because of their long time alliance with Serbia. During the War:
Russia suffered great losses and had internal conflicts ultimately causing them to leave the war. Number of Casualities:
In Total= 9,150,000
This was 76.3% of the total Allies casualties and they were only in it for 3 years. Great Battles/ Military Leaders in Russia:
The most highly known battle was the Battle of Tannenburg. General Samsonov and General Rennenkampf of Russia planned to combine their forces and take down Germany's eighth army. They planned to attack from each side of the german army and sandwich them in. This all backfired with the Germans actually encircling them and defeating them. Innovations and inventions on and of the battlefield: Some examples of these are the Gyrocar and the Strategic bomber. The Gyrocar was a two-wheeled automobile. The strategic bomber was a mid to long range heavy bomber that dropped bombs on a certain target unlike other bombers that just dropped bombs wherever they wanted to. After the Russian exit of the war many problems were caused for both Russia and the other allied countries. Post War Issues:
After WWI the communists secured their control of the government. They also attempted to regain authority over territories that were lost to the central powers. Russia was unable to prevent the independence of some of its previous dependent states. These included Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland. They did manage to regain power over Belarus and Ukraine which had been taken over by Germany. The country also suffered great inflation after the war causing food to be almost worthless. Post War Political Changes: Russia went from being an autocracy run by Tsar Nicholas II to a communist government led by Lenin. The other ally countries were effected the most when Russia left. They had a huge German army headed straight towards them. The effects of the Great War on the civilians and the country as a whole. How did WWI effect civilians in Russia? There was a lack of food going to the urban areas. This was caused by the fact that food was almost worthless and so farmers were hoarding it instead of distributing it. It also effected the civilians because of those families with a husband or a brother or sons in the war most likely lost them in the war. This caused women to become the primary caretaker of the family. Were people able to recover from the trauma of war?
The generation that had fought was considered the "Lost Generation" because they never truly recovered from the trauma of the war. Some people reacted from the war by creating the League of nations. There was an increase of people supporting Pacifism, which was the plea for peace. What lessons were learned from World War one? Did Russia repeat the same mistakes or did they learn from them?
It should have taught the lesson of don't get into a war you can't afford because after the First World War they were in a sticky situation. All the industries were suffering including grain, coal, and oil. They also learned that although they had the biggest army, it definitely wasn't the strongest. This didn't really teach them much because right after WWI they had a civil war inside the country and then joined WWII. Were people forced to relocate?
During the war most people went away from their homes where the fighting was going to be bad to either the center or to the areas where they were on the outer rims of another country that were Russia's allies. After the war when people went home their homes were destroyed because of the bombardments and fighting so many civilians had to find a new place to live and start over with their life again. Boundary Changes As you can see Russia lost a lot of its western front with the independence of Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Finland, and Estonia. They also lost part of their land from the growth of Romania.