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Golden Age of Athens

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Lauren H.

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of Golden Age of Athens


Ancient Greece is located on the southern part of the Balkan peninsula.
The Balkan Peninsula is bounded by the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, Aegean Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Ionian Sea, and Adriatic Sea.
The region has its name from the Balkan Mountains
Greece covered a small area at the southern tip of the Greek peninsula.
it has over 2000 islands surrounding it
Culture: Cleisthenes:
WHO: Cleisthenes“the father of Athenian democracy.”

WHAT: He had taken governing authority away from the aristocracy and given it to the city states assembly.

WHEN: Was born in 570 BC and died in 507.

WHERE: Born into the rich and aristocratic Alcmaeonid clan

WHY: Cleisthenes felt it was unfair that only a small group of aristocrats were allowed to participate in the government and since all of the citizens were now his companions, this broke the regional power of the aristocracy.

WHO: Plato.

WHAT: He was a Greek philosopher.

WHEN: DOB: 428-7 B.C
DOD:348-7 B.C
WHERE: In Greece.

WHY: He was a Greek philosopher because he was inspired by Socrates,his deceased teacher.
Dates and timelines:
The Persian War:

WHO: Socrates.
WHAT: He was a philosopher.
WHEN: Birth Date: around 470 BCE
Death Date: Around 399 BCE
WHERE: POB: Athens, Greece
POD: Athens,Greece
WHY: Socrates became a philosopher because he wanted to teach people to always question the government. His goal was to make everyone examine everything. He got in trouble for this and the government gave him 2 options. The first was to tell his students not to question, or drink poison and die. He chose to drink poison(Hemlock). That is what he is remembered for.
The Delian League:
The Greeks invented high roofs supported by strong columns.There are THREE types of greek columns .There are:
there are some important buildings in Greek architecture which are the white house,the United States capital,school of Athens,and the supreme court.

there also was pediments which were triangle shapes containing sculptures
500's B .C. Persians brought greek people together for a time.
490 B.C. Persian king Darius turned his soldiers toward the greek mainland .
480 B.C. The Persians again invaded the Balkan Peninsula.
460 B.C. Pericles was elected as leader in the Athenian government.
457B.C. Pericles gave male citizens (of any class) to hold nearly any government office .

The crane was invented in 515B.C.
The gastrophetes was invented in 399 B.C. and was used in warfare
Archimedes is said to be the first one to figure out how to use the lever
No one really knows who actually invented the lever
The Greeks used a unknown named tool to sculpt greek temples (used by Phidias)
(the first tool on the left)
This is Socrates teaching a class.
Harcourt school
social studies book
The Peloponnesian War started in 431B.C. and ended in 404B.C.
After the war the Athens and Sparta agreed to 30 years of peace.
The war lasted for 3 years. Finally in 431 B.C. Sparta declared war on the Athens.
The Peloponnesian War
The Delian League
was founded in 478 B.C.

The Delian League was
associated with Greek city
states with numberings between
150 to 173 under the leadership
of Athens, whose purpose was to
continue fighting the Persian Empire
after the Greek victory in the battle
of Plataea at the end of the 2nd Persian

The Persian War started in 492 B.C. , and ended in 449B.C.
The Persians were sucessful at invading, but never conquered Greece

The Golden Age of Athens
By : Chelsea,Lauren, and Jacynda
"Under the leadership of Pericles, Athens would go on to create a lasting legacy of great art, literature and philosophy. The democracy practiced in Athens at this time was direct rather than representative, which meant that every citizen had a voice in the Assembly. Even the very poor in Athens could become citizens and had the right to sit in the Assembly."

Culture: Pericles
"Ancient Greek statesman Pericles was born c. 495 B.C. in Athens, Greece. His father, Xanthippus, was a famous general and statesman who came from a wealthy family of aristocrats
(a member of an aristocracy,(a person who rules or guides or inspires others)."

=aristocrats are people that a particular social order considers in the highest social class of that society
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