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A Dream Deferred...

A Mini-lesson with independent practice, teacher direction and an overall closure focusing on the Poetic and Dramatic.
by

Justin Boren

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of A Dream Deferred...

Metaphor Simile Bellringer: Journal Entry Write a journal entry about a time in your life when you felt your dreams were being oppressed or "deferred"...

*Be specific in indicating what your dreams were and why you felt that you couldn't reach them.

(5 mins.)




Key Elements of Poetry Continued... Independent Practice A Dream Deferred... "A Raisin in the Sun" A Dream Deferred
by Langston Hughes

What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore--
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over--
like a syrupy sweet?
Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.
Or does it explode?

A comparison between two unlike things that have something in common.

Always uses the words like or as to make comparison. Simile It’s been a hard day’s night and I’ve been working like a dog – The Beatles A cool example of a simile… My heart is like an open highway.
– Jon Bon Jovi And another… As hungry as a bear… As solid as a rock… My love is like a red, red rose. Like two peas in a pod
Like Christmas in Summer
The snow was like a blanket
The deer ran like the wind
As nutty as a fruitcake
As quick as lightning
As stubborn as a mule
As sturdy as oak A few more…
Is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things, that have something in common.


The comparison is made without using like or as. Metaphor Patty was a raging tiger when she lost her lunch money! A cool example of a metaphor… The way the poem looks on the page
Adds to the poem’s meaning
Poems are written in lines, which may or may not be sentences
Poets choose arrangements of lines and words to create an overall effect. Form In structured forms of poetry, the lines are grouped into stanzas.

Stanzas are a regular and repeated pattern. Stanzas Poems that have no regular pattern.

How would you describe the form of “A Dream Deferred” by Langston Hughes?

Refer to the number of lines and stanzas when you find your answer. Free Verse Poets choose and arrange words to create sounds to appeal to the listener.

The Four Techniques:
-Rhyme, Rhythm, Repetition, Onomatopoeia Sound A similarity of sounds at the end of words.

Traditional – rhyming words at the end of lines.
Free Verse – doesn’t have end rhymes Rhyme Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem.

Meter – regular, repeated arrangement of both stressed and unstressed syllables.

Free Verse – Spoken Language Rhythm Sounds, words, phrases, or whole lines in a poem.

Poets use to emphasize an idea or create a certain feeling. Repetition Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

Ex: “And wait to watch the water clear, I may.” Alliteration The use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings.

Flashed, Bang, and Shattered… Onomatopoeia Language that appeal to the five senses:
sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.

Used to bring readers into the scene. Imagery Three Types:
simile, metaphor, personification

*All of these are used to help readers picture ordinary things in new ways. Figurative Language With a partner, identify no more than three examples of a simile, metaphor, or personification. Write them down in your “notes” section as examples.
Is “A Dream Deferred,” by Langston Hughes a more traditional/structured form of poetry, or could it be free-verse? Discuss with your partner and list no more than three reasons why you think the poem is one or the other. Independent Practice (18 mins.) With a partner, review your notes concerning other key elements of poetry. Your objective is to try to identify each of the following in “A Dream Deferred,” by Hughes:
Sound, Rhyme, Rhythm, Repetition, Alliteration, Onomatopoeia
Try to identify at least 1 example and record in your “notes” section. Application… Are there any examples from the poem that appeal to your 5 senses?
How does the poet attempt to “paint a picture” for you, so to speak?
In your notes, sketch a brief picture of what you see. Share with your partner when you are finished. Imagery What did I learn today?

Why is what I’m learning important?

How will I use what I learned in the future? Closure – Learning Targets (4 mins.) During the night, the forest was a dark, frightening battlefield. And another…
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