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A brief description of DARPA, the Mad Scientist Lab of the Pentagon

Ragini Bakshi

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of DARPA

DARPA Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency A.k.a The Mad Scientist Lab of the PENTAGON DARPA research does everything: from conducting scientific investigations in a laboratory, to building full-scale prototypes of military systems. They fund research in biology, medicine, computer science, chemistry, physics, engineering, mathematics, material sciences, social sciences, neuroscience, and more. Coming Soon M-16 Achievements A-160 Mouse GPS Speech Recognition The main reason DARPA created the ARPANET was to create a system in which
all the radar surveillance, target tracking, and
other operations would be coordinated by
computers, which in turn would be based on
a highly experimental MIT machine known
as Whirlwind: the first “real-time” computer
capable of responding to events as fast as
they occurred. Licklider, who was then a professor of
experimental psychology at MIT, imagined a nationwide network
of “thinking centers,” with responsive, realtime
computers that contained vast libraries
covering every subject imaginable.
Also having a multitude of interactive terminals, each capable
of displaying text, equations, pictures,
diagrams, or any other form of information. Licklider’s flagship effort, MIT’s Project MAC, the world’s
first large-scale experiment in personal computing known as Preject MAC. ARPANET Project MAC would evolve
into the world’s first online community,
complete with online bulletin boards, e-mail,
virtual friendships, an open-source software
exchange – and hackers. Through the technology
of time-sharing, they could tell their
big, central machine to dole out little slices
of processing time very, very rapidly, so that
each user would feel as if it were responding
to him or her as an individual, in real time. Advanced Research Projects Agency Network The ARPANET was the first wide area packet switching network, the "Eve" network of what has evolved into the Internet. The project went into action on August 30, 1969, when BBN delivered the first Interface Message Processor (IMP) The Interface Message Processor provided a system independent interface to the ARPANET that could be used by any computer system, thereby opening the Internet network architecture from the very beginning. The maiden voyage of the agency's Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 (or HTV-2) didn't go so smoothly.

The HTV-2 is a hypersonic glider, capable of traveling at speeds of over Mach 20.

The HTV-2 is designed to allow for "prompt global strike" options, or being able to deliver a payload of conventional weapons anywhere in the world in under an hour. It'd glide through the Earth's atmosphere, making it mighty hard to shoot down, and there's also the added benefit that other nations wouldn't mistake it for a nuclear missile. INVENTIONS Technical error What's DARPA? PAL Goals 1.Enable machines to learn and improve their basic functionality through the accumulation of experience (and not through being explicitly programmed). 2.Can represent purpose/goals, system structure, and behavior, in order to allow a computational system to reflect on its own capabilities and performance. 3.Allow the software to be instructed and guided using natural human-oriented communications (e.g., natural language, pictures, gestures). 4.Have the ability of the software to use visual and auditory sensors to understand the user’s situation (who is in the meeting, who is speaking, etc). 5.Are integrated and result in fully functioning systems. This system “can reason, learn form experience, be told what to do, explain what they are doing, reflect on their experience, and respond robustly to surprise.” Perceptive Assistant That Learns Smart Dust Smartdust is a term used to describe groups of very small robots which may be used for monitoring and detection. Currently, the scale of smartdust is rather small, with single sensors the size of a deck of playing cards, but the hope is to eventually have robots as small as a speck of dust. Individual sensors of smartdust are often referred to as motes because of their small size. These devices are also known as MEMS, which stands for microelectromechanical sensors. Smart Dusts are also known as electronic motes
* Support the collection and integration of data form a variety of miniature sensors.
* Analyze the sensor data as specified by system level controls.
* Wirelessly communicate the results of their analyzes to other motes, system base stations and the internet as specified by system automation. One mote is composed of a small, low powered and cheap computer connected to several sensors and a radio transmitter capable of forming ad hoc networks. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. DARPA has been responsible for funding the development of many technologies which have had a major effect on the world.

DARPA’s original mission, established in 1958, was to prevent technological surprise like the launch of Sputnik, which signaled that the Soviets had beaten the U.S. into space. The mission statement has evolved over time. Today, DARPA’s mission is still to prevent technological surprise to the US, but also to create technological surprise for its enemies.

DARPA reports directly to senior Department of Defense management. DARPA has around 240 personnel (about 140 technical) directly managing a $3.2 billion budget. These figures are "on average" since DARPA focuses on short-term (two to four-year) projects run by small, purpose-built teams. Intro Stealth Planes Exo skeletons Nano sized PCs will open the doors for a wide range of applications from reconnaissance to surgical and eventually will probably see their way into our everyday lives. The developments at DARPA appear to be breaking Moore’s Law and attaining smaller circuitry with molecular switches and memory circuits the size of a single white blood cell. F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter X-47 Pegasus Global Hawk Boeing X45A (UCAV) “Phantom Ray”
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