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Development of Classical Liberalism

Timeline of events that ultimately led to the development of classical liberalistic principles

rebecca fox

on 8 July 2013

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Transcript of Development of Classical Liberalism

Development of Classical Liberalism
3. Renaissance (14th-16th C.)
The Renaissance was a time of change in Europe, with many new social, political, and artistic reforms being made. Humanists believed in individual worth,human dignity, and the ability to choose their own nature/faith, as opposed to the common belief that individuals are defined by their devotion to the church.
4. Haudenosaunee Confederacy (15th C- 1776)
9. French Revolution (1789)
The lower class citizens of France had overthrown the existing monarchy to replace it with a form of government in which equality was of greater importance
1. Ancient Greek Democracy
(approx. 550 B.C)
-The governmental system in Athens at the time is seen as the first form of democracy, where eligible (male+ land- owning) citizens had the right to participate in the democratic decision making process.
-Political officers were selected by drawing lots
Impact on Society:
-The direct impact on Greek society at the time was the allowance of the voices of citizens to be heard in a way that would impact the policies and laws they lived with
-The significance of this event also extends to modern society, where the general ideas of Greek democracy are still in play in many governmental systems
-ex. Canada, U.S.A etc
2. Magna Carta
1215 A.D
The Magna Carta is one of the earliest documents in the development of the rule of law and the establishment of individual rights and freedoms
Impact on Society:
-At the time, the Magna Carta limited the powers of the monarchy, and established fundamental rights for citizens. This allowed the citizens a greater sense of fairness within society.
- The development of the rule of law, initially through the Magna Carta, would help develop the principles of Classical Liberalism later on.
Impact on society:
-The Renaissance impacted society in that it created a whole new way of thinking that allowed for individualism, a departure from a collective belief system
-Philosophers such as Jean Jacques Rousseau was an advocate of humanist thinking and believed that people were naturally good, but have been corrupted by society

5. Reformation (1517-1648)

The reformation was the restructuring of the church, where new denominations branched out of Roman Catholicism.
Impact on Society:
This event allowed people to make choices for themselves based on their own beliefs and values

- 6 First Nations groups lived under the same set of rules
-These rules were known as the Great Law of Peace, which was their oral constitution. This included division of powers among various branches of gov't, equal participation by all citizens, and establishment of rights and freedoms
Impact on Society
It allowed the First Nations people to live in such a way that would allow for individual rights and freedoms, and was their own form of a rule of law. This relates to 2 of the principles of Classical Liberalism
6. The Enlightenment (18th C.)
The events within the Renaissance and Reformation in Europe, led to the increased belief in the importance of individualism. The events within this time period led to the overall belief in the principles of Classical Liberalism
Impact on Society
-Many of the beliefs that came out of this event were of equality and individual importance. This led to a shift in the way people saw the way society around them should be run.
- For example political/ economic changes where the belief that individuals should hold power in society was upheld. As well as the promotion of capitalist ideals by its creater- Adam Smith.
7. Industrial Revolution (18th -19th C.)
The industrial revolution led to many citizens leaving their previous agrarian lifestyles to work in an urban/industrial setting.
Impact on Society
This led to an enormous change in social, economic, and political aspects of the lives of all citizens
-it allowed for the owning of private property, individual/economic freedom, and self interest +competition- all fundamental principles of liberalism
8. American Revolution (1776)

The colonists of America did not want to be ruled by Great Britain and declared themselves as an independent nation. They established a republican form of gov't in which authority to rule came from the citizens, not a foreign monarch
Impact on Society
The impact of this event was the change in government to suit the needs of its people-The citizens had wished to form a nation in which they held more authority in their own government,
Impact on Society
The people of France had been able to put rigid class distinctions aside and replace them with a more equality, as well as rights and freedoms for individual citizens
10. Changes to the Class System (19th C)
The idea of social classes based on birth slowly died away, and a class system based on wealth began to emerge

Impact on Society
The principles of classical liberalism valued the individual and encouraged more economic opportunities. Therefore if you were not born into a large amount of wealth, there were still many opportunities to join a higher economic class through economic freedom and the ability to own private property.
By: Rebecca Fox
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