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Substance Use and Abuse

This Substance Abuse Presentation is by the University of the Virgin Islands Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS Prevention Program Student Peer Educators funded by SAMHSA.


on 24 August 2015

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Transcript of Substance Use and Abuse

Understanding Substance Use
Substance Abuse
Any substance, legal or illegal, used improperly that chemically changes the body’s function resulting in psychological or behavioral changes and addiction.

Any substance that has known mind or bodily effects, specifically controlled, regulated or prohibited by local and federal Law.
A chronic brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences to the individual and to those around him or her.

Substance Use & Abuse:
Knowledge for a Healthy Life

Drug dependence means that a person needs a drug to function normally. There are two types of dependence: physical and psychological.
The person has to use more and more of the drug to feel the same effects he or she gets from the smaller amounts before.

Legal vs. Illegal Drugs
Examples of Legal Drugs
Over-the-counter drugs

Examples of Illegal Drugs

Types of Drugs
Drugs that slow down the central nervous system
Natural and synthetic drugs that speed up the central nervous system
Recognizing when there's a problem
Drugs or alcohol problems can take a toll on your life by:
Causing relationship problems
Interfering with your job
Affecting your grades
Impairing your judgment
Causing money problems
Getting you in trouble with the law

Alcohol is the most legally abused drug in the United States.

It impairs judgement that can lead to drinking and driving, unintended sexual activity, violence or other dangerous behaviors.

What is alcohol “proof”?
Alcohol Proof is double the amount of alcohol by volume.
For example: 100-proof liquor is about 50% pure alcohol. A 14-proof bottle of wine is about 7% alcohol.

Blood Alcohol Content
0.06 – Judgment is impaired
0.08 – Legal limit for driving in the Virgin
0.10 – Reaction time is slower and you’ll
start to lose muscle control;
embarrassing behavior is possible
0.15 – Walking and talking become harder;
risk of injury or choking on vomit
0.20 – Blackouts are likely
0.30 – Loss of awareness; breathing and
heart rate slow down
0.40 and greater – Most people either lose
consciousness or die

Think when you Drink
If you choose to drink alcohol, there are many things you can do to make your experience safer.
Before you start drinking:
Eat something
Set a limit in advance on how much you’ll drink
Think about bringing a friend with you who can help you stick to your limit
Set a time to cut yourself off
If you’re going out to drink, decide in advance how you’ll get home
Be aware of your surroundings in the place where you’ll be drinking; make yourself safe
Knowing your limits is important as you're trying to juggle all the demands of school, work, and home life
What are the main chemicals in Marijuana?
What Puts Us At Risk for Drug Use?
Parents who abuse drugs
Accepting social norms
Easy access and availability of alcohol and marijuana
Low perceived risk
Low enforcement of laws and policies
Promotion of alcohol and marijuana use (advertising, music, movies)
Inappropriate classroom behavior or failing school performance, poor social skills or affiliation with deviant peers

Protective Factors against Drug Use Among College Students

Strong bonds and clear rules of conduct within a family
Increased knowledge about effects and consequences of alcohol and marijuana use
Successful school performance
Strong bonds with positive institutions such as schools and religious organizations
Personal decision to complete college successfully
Positive coping skills and conflict resolution
Associating with positive peers, role models, and mentors

Local Resources

UVI Counseling Division

Division of Mental Health, Alcoholism, & Drug Dependency Services

The Village—V.I. Partners in Recovery

UVI Substance Abuse & HIV/AIDS Prevention Program

Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration." The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 13 May 2013. Web. 6 June 2014. <http://www.samhsa.gov/>.

"Welcome to My Student Body." Welcome to My Student Body. Hazelden Foundation, 2014. Web. 24 June 2014. <https://www.mystudentbody.com/default.aspx>.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 19 May 2014. Web. 6 June 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/>.

"Prevention of Substance Abuse and Mental Illness." Prevention of Substance Abuse and Mental Illness. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.

"From the Cabinet or the Street? How Is Medical Marijuana Different from the Street Drug." <i>From the Cabinet or the Street? How Is Medical Marijuana Different from the Street Drug</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.

"Marijuana Facts &amp; Medical Marijuana | Howcast." <i>Howcast</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.

"Psychiatric Times." Psychiatric Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.

"Indica vs. Sativa: Understanding The Differences." <i>Leaf Science</i>. N.p., 19 June 2014. Web. 10 July 2015.

"Marijuana: Effects, Medical Uses &amp; Legalization - Drugs.com." <i>Marijuana: Effects, Medical Uses &amp; Legalization - Drugs.com</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.

"From the Cabinet or the Street? How Is Medical Marijuana Different from the Street Drug." <i>From the Cabinet or the Street? How Is Medical Marijuana Different from the Street Drug</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.

"Medical Marijuana vs. Recreational: What's The Difference? - Leaf Science." <i>Leaf Science</i>. N.p., 04 Sept. 2014. Web. 10 July 2015.

"DrugFacts: Is Marijuana Medicine?" <i>DrugFacts: Is Marijuana Medicine?</i> N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.

Alcohol and Consent
A person under the influence of drugs or alcohol can not legally consent to sex.
Even if both people were under the influence when the sex occurred, someone can still be charged.

Binge Drinking
More than half of alcohol consumed is consumed during binge drinking.
2 out of 5 college students have engaged in binge drinking.
Binge drinking is defined as having 5 or more drinks in a row for men. For women, it's 4 or more drinks in a row.
Drinking like this can cause the BAC to rise above .08% which is the legal limit.
88% of DUI cases are the result of binge drinking.

Effects of Alcohol
Brain Damage
Increases risk of contracting STDs/STIs
Irregular Pulse
High Blood Pressure
Impotence and Infertility
In December 2014, the Virgin Islands decriminalized marijuana.
However, it is still an illegal drug.
Any person in possession of one ounce or less of marijuana commits a civil infraction punishable by a fine of $100.
Any person who openly and publicly displays, consumes, or uses one
ounce or less of marijuana is punishable by a fine not more than $200.
Any person who fails to pay the fine within 90 days must pay double. If an individual fails to pay after 180 days, they have committed a misdemeanor and is subject to additional fines not to exceed $500.00, imprisonment not to exceed 3 months, or both fine and imprisonment.
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive chemical responsible for the high and also creates the euphoric and pleasurable feeling as well as feelings of increased appetite and tiredness.
It is used to treat appetite loss and nausea cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, reduce eye pressure in glaucoma patients and alleviate neuropathic pain and spasticity in multiple sclerosis patients.
Cannabinol (CBD), is the non-psychoactive chemical that counteracts THC. It produces wakefulness and is also anti-psychotic and is used to treat schizophrenia.

CBD is also used to treat depression as it acts as an anti depressant as well as a cancer treatment for nausea and vomiting.
Major Strains of Marijuana
Cannabis Sativa
Cannabis Indica
Cannabis Ruderalis
Situations that could be influenced by alcohol and other drugs which, would require the intervention of a bystander include:
Bystander Intervention
peer pressure
& other forms of violence
Remember you have the power to choose, choosing to do nothing is still choosing to do something.
As a bystander, you have the power to stop what is happening. It takes courage, but it can be done.
Sativa is a stimulant responsible for alertness and activity. This strain also is used more recreationally because of the feeling of euphoria. Sativa has a higher ratio of CBD:THC.

Indica is a depressant, responsible for tiredness. I has a strong bodily effect. It also has use in relieving headaches and seizures, and fighting pain. It is used recreationally but mostly medicinally. Cannabis Indica has a higher ratio of THC:CBD.
Ruderalis is a low THC variant that is less popular than the other two strains. It is not as widely used recreationally and is more used medicinally as well as for cultivation of improved strains.

Adjusting to College Life
The Balancing Act
New School,
New Classes, and
New Experiences await you.
But did you know that the first six weeks are critical to first-year academic success?
There are many things you can do to make sure everyone makes it to graduation day
Tips to achieve balance:
 Create a support system on campus.
 Stay connected with your parents.
 Reduce stress; get involved with a club on campus.
 Get organized to help balance work and play.
Medical Marijuana
Medical Marijuana can be ingested in pills, through foods and drinks, or through smoking or inhalators.
Substance Abuse & Mental Health
People with mental illness are at increased risk of abusing drugs.
Dual diagnosis
is a term used to describe people with mental illness who have coexisting problems with drugs and/or alcohol.
Drugs and alcohol can be a form of self-medication. In such cases, people with these illnesses may "feel less pain" when the person is high on drugs or alcohol.
Drugs and alcohol can worsen underlying mental illnesses. This can happen both during acute intoxication (e.g., a person with depression becomes suicidal in the context of drinking alcohol) and during withdrawal from a substance.
Drugs and alcohol can cause a person without mental illness to experience the onset of symptoms for the first time.
Additional Forms of Marijuana
Marijuana can be used in baked edibles such as cookies or even used in candies. With this type of ingestion, it takes longer to feel the effects. Because of this, persons are most likely to have a nonfatal overdose.
Oil is what is usually used in vape pens, such as the open vape. It contains 80-90% pure THC while the average joint may have between 8.5-22.04%.
Wax is created by whipping hash oil during the purging process. It has the same percentage of THC as the oil.
Shatter is a crystallized version of the oil. This, along with the wax and oil, are used through a process called dabbing.
Hash is a paste from the resin, or sap of the plant. It contains a higher percentage of THC than the bud or flower of the plant.
CBD, the non psychoactive chemical in marijuana has been found to suppress seizure activity and combats tumor and cancer cells.

THC, the psychoactive chemical in marijuana can help treat glaucoma, nausea and vomiting, and PTSD.
What Is The Difference Between Indica And Sativa Marijuana Plants?
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