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TONY BLAIR AND NEW LABOUR

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Laura Sphabmixay

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of TONY BLAIR AND NEW LABOUR

TONY BLAIR - HIS PRIVATE LIFE
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair was born on May 1953 in Edinburgh (Scotland)
Prime Minister of Great Britain 1997 - 2007
Leader of the Labour Party in 1994
His father was a prominent attorney (Tories)
Blair wanted to follow his father footsteps
During his teen years : was the lead singer in a rock band called "The Ugly Rumors"
Studied in Oxford University - graduated in law degree in 1975
After he graduated : internship in unemployment law
Married Cherie Booth in 1983, had 4 childrens
TONY BLAIR or TONY THE GREAT
AND
NEW LABOUR

TONY BLAIR - HIS POLITICAL LIFE
In the late 1970's :
Blair joined the Labour party (in crisis)
1983
: Blair earn a seat in Parliament for the Sedgefield District near Durham
1994 :
Former leader of the Labour Party - John Smith, died; Tony Blair was elected
Rebuked conventional style of politics = New Labour
Advocated policies to cut taxes
Instituted several reforms including "one person, one vote" for electing party leadership
Implemented several socio-economic reforms to alleviate poverty and bring down unemployment
TONY BLAIR - HIS POLITICAL LIFE
Blair was criticized by both the public and his party members = engaged England in wars (ex : "War on Terror" led by the U.S or supported the invasions carried out in Middle East, Iraq 2003)
2011 : The Kuala Lumpur War Crimes Commission held a mock tribunal findind Blair & Bush guilty of crimes against peace and humanity (2003 involvement in the Iraq War)
Focused on environmental hazards (global warming)
TONY BLAIR - IN RECENT YEARS
Remains active in public life
He is serving as quartet representative to the Middle East
2007 : Tony Blair Sports Foundation
2008 : Tony Blair Faith Foundation
2011 : Blair was involved in a phone hacking scandal involving Rupert Murdoch (CEO of News International )
THE NEW LABOUR- THE LABOUR PARTY
The Labour Party:
Created in 1893
Became a parliamentary pressure group in 1900
Is a center left political party
Is a worker party associated with the trade union = assure equality for the worker
Wants to change the British parliemement in order to represent the interest of everybody
Not economical liberal ( Clause IV) but this clause was changed under Blair's leadership
THE NEW LABOUR- THE LABOUR PARTY
Labour Prime Ministers
Ramsay Macdonald (Jan.1924-Nov.1924) and (1929-1935)
Clement Atlee (1945-1951) he also was the UK's first Deputy PM during the wartime coalition (1940-1945)
Harold Wilson (1964-1970) and (1974-1976)
Tony Blair (1997-2007)
Gordon Brown (2007-2010) he was chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007
THE NEW LABOUR-THE LABOUR PARTY
The Wilderness Years 1979-1997
Heavily defeated against Thatcher in the general election 1979
Internal debates about the party constitution and the forming breakaway group -> the Social Democratic Party (1981)
Divided between the left wing and the right wing
THE NEW LABOUR- "NEW"?
New Labour:
refers to a period in the history of the Labour Party from the mid-1990s to the early 2000s under Tony Blair
The name "
New Labour
" is a reference to the slogan "
New Labour, new life for Britain" (1994)
The term new Labour shows the modernisation of the party in opposition to the "old" Labour
Constitutional revision -> Clause IV
THE NEW LABOUR- "NEW"?
The revision of the Clause IV:
Clause IV (1918) is a part of the Labour Party constitution
Explains the aims and the values of the party
In 1993, Tony Blair wrote a pamphlet for the Fabian Society which criticized the Clause VI
For Blair, the Party means and ends were not cleary stated
Also the Party needs a new statement of its values and aims
The new version of the Clause IV was adopted at the Special conference (1995)
The new Clause declared for the 1st time the Labour party as a "socialist party"
Due to the new Clause, Labour's links with the trade union had been weakened and the party embraced the market economy.
THE NEW LABOUR-"NEW LABOUR, NEW LIFE FOR BRITAIN"
"New Labour, new life for Britain":
It is a draft manifesto published in 1996
Set the Party's new "third way" center-left approach to policy
Third way also called
Blairism
Blair declared his opposition to the traditional conception of socialism
A pledge card was detailed in the manifesto in 5 specific pledges:
reduction of class sizes
fast track punishment for young offenders
reduction of the NSH waiting lists
proposal to take 250,000 young people of benefit and into employment
a commitment to low inflation
THE PREMIERSHIP OF TONY BLAIR-1997-2007
1st term 1997-2001:
Took office as Prime Minister May 2, 1997 at 43 years old. Succeed to Conservative John Major
Gordon Brown gives the Bank of England the power to set interest rates
September 1997 Referendums on Devolution for Scotland-> Scottish Parliament,
Scotland Act 1998
and Wales-> National Assembly for Wales,
Government of Wales Act 1998

October 1998 : the UK refuse to enter the EuroZone
10 April 1998 : Belfast Agreement "The Good Friday Agreement" : Northern Ireland peace process
1999 :
Reform of the House of Lords
Minimum wage introduced
Kosovo War
THE TONY BLAIR PREMIERSHIP-1997-2007
2nd term 2001-2005 :
June 7, 2001 : Blair is reelected Prime Minister
October 2001 : Britain join American air strikes on Afghanistan
2003 : UK is the only country to join George W. Bush in Iraq War
2002/2003 : Blair reforms the NHS and education
THE TONY BLAIR PREMIERSHIP-1997-2007
3rd term :
May 5, 2005 : First time a Labour Prime Minister is elected for a third term
July to December 2005 : Blair is President of the European Council
2006 : Blair faces many criticisms from his own Party about his educational reform
June 27, 2007 : Blair's government resigns and Gordon Brown replaces him.
IMPORTANT EVENTS
August 31 1997: Princess Diana dies in a car crash. Tony Blair calls her the "people's princess"

July 2005 : London terrorist attacks killed 56 people
Bibliography
Assembly Wales
BBC
Scottish Government
Gov.uk
Telegraph
Tony Blair Office
Labour.org
Wikipedia
Biography.com
The Guardian
THANK YOU !
Laura-Alice-Herminie
Full transcript