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Transcript of Shakespeare
“Rebirth” of arts, culture, and science.
Discovery of the“New World”.
Copernicus: Sun-centered Universe (1543)
King Henry VIII = Renaissance man (ideal)
Reformation of Catholic Church
Daughter of King Henry VIII and Ann Boleyn (2nd of 6 wives)
Henry had Ann (and his previous wives) beheaded for “treason”.
Younger sister of “Bloody Mary”(known for killing protestants to impress King Phillip of Spain).
is a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work.
Romeo and Juliet:
Light and dark
Written in 1595
Set in Verona, Italy during the Italian Renaissance (fourteenth or fifteenth century)
Romeo and Juliet
Wealthy got benches
Poor audience members were called “groundlings and stood around stage in “the pit”.
Women not allowed (had to dress up as men to attend).
Much more interaction between actors and audience than today.
All male actors
Female roles played by young boys whose voices had not changed.
No actual kissing or hugging on stage.
One set used all year long, rarely washed.
Underclothing slept in, infrequently changed.
Clothes handed down from rich to poor.
Open gutters, raw sewage, and rotting garbage was common in most major cities of the time.
Unsanitary conditions caused the outbreak of the Bubonic Plague (black death)
Bubonic was rampant from 1563 to 1603.
1592 the plague hit London hard and the theaters were closed down. During this time, Shakespeare wrote most of his poetry.
Conditions in London were not pleasant.
Homes of the poor were small and dirty
Overcrowding and unemployment were major problems.
No running water, Chamber Pots
Blood and gore
Use of supernatural
Use of disguises/mistaken identity
Multiple deaths (in tragedies)
Women forbidden to act on stage
Props were few, but important
Information given in dialogue.
(A theatrical convention is a
suspension of reality)
Member and later part-owner of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later called the King’s Men.
Globe Theater built in 1599 by L.C.M. with Shakespeare as primary investor
Burned down in 1613 during one of Shakespeare’s plays
Courtyard surrounded by three levels of galleries.
No artificial lighting.
Limited set design.
Relied on music, sound, costumes, props and great description.
Traits of The Globe Theatre
Shakespeare coined many words we still use today:
Cruelhearted, The Two Gentlemen of Verona
Eyesore, The Taming of the Shrew
Quarrelsome, As You Like It
And quite a few phrases as well:
“Eaten out of house and home” Henry IV
“Cruel to be kind” Hamlet
“Knock, knock! Who’s there?” Macbeth
“Too much of a good thing” As You Like It
“Neither a borrower nor a lender be” Hamlet
“To thine own self be true” Hamlet
“A tower of strength” Richard III
Plays firmly attributed to Shakespeare:
Authored 154 sonnets
In 1582, when he was eighteen, he married a local twenty-six year old woman, Anne Hathaway. They had two daughters, Judith and Susanna, and a son - Hamnet
In 1587, leaving his family in Straford, Shakespeare went to London.
By 1592 he was an actor and an established playwright.
Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Plays have been translated into many languages, musicals, ballets, and movies.
Widely regarded as the greatest writer in English literature.
Arthur Brooke (or Arthur Broke) (d. circa 1563) was an English poet, whose only known work is
The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet (1562).
Considered to be William Shakespeare's chief inspiration for his famous play Romeo and Juliet.
Bathing considered dangerous
Body odor strong
There was a real problem with lice and bugs infesting clothes.
Children often died before 5 years
A mix of old and very new
Rural and urban words/images
Understandable by the lowest peasant and the highest noble
Attended Stratford Grammar School.
Studied Latin and ancient texts.
It is thought that after he left school at the age of about fourteen he worked with his father, making gloves.
What would you do if your parents did not approve of someone you were dating?
How important is the opinion of your family in decisions that you make?
Does violence solve problems?
Things to think about…
Context: England during Shakespeare's Time
Parents were John and Mary Arden. Mary was the daughter of wealthy landowner and John was a glove-maker, local politician.