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St 7.2

The Effects of WWII on the US Homefront
by

Adam Powley

on 23 February 2015

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Transcript of St 7.2

ST 7.2 - The effects of WWII on the US Homefront
total mobilization of the economy
war bond drives
private industries converted to war production
fueled by the Lend Lease aid to Britain
used "modern" advertising
private citizens bought bonds as a way to loan money to the federal government for the war effort
rationing
individuals encouraged to plant victory gardens and conserve
still, Fed Govt had to force rationing of scarce resources through use of "coupon books"
Racial and Ethnic Issues and Tensions
WWII ended Great Depression unemployment
men
women
minorities
men were needed on the battlefield
women needed in traditionally male occupations
A. Phillip Randolph led African-American unions
threatened a "March on Washington" demanding equal access to wartime jobs.
FDR responded by issuing an executive order creating a commission to ensure equal access to wartime jobs
Mexican Americans were even welcomed as immigrants to make up for farm workers at war.
Wartime Propaganda
tried to foster unity and effort
US soldiers still fought in segregated units
African-American units training in the South still faced Jim Crow
especially troubling since we were fighting the Nazis who were racially motivated
Northern African Americans faced Jim Crow for the first time
Zoot Suit Riots
young Mexican Americans in L.A. attacked as Un-American due to their clothing
Japanese Internment
After Pearl Harbor, Western states feared spies and a sneak attack by Japanese
fear and prejudice led these areas to urge FDR to take action against Japanese residents and citizens
with little justification, Japanese ethnicities were ordered to sell their belongings and property
They were forced, by executive order, to report to interment camps in inland deserts
The Supreme Court upheld these decisions as a military necessity
Korematsu v. United States
Security of the state outweighed the freedoms of the individual
War Crimes?
Full transcript