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Neolithic and Paleolithic Agriculture

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christian hammond

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Neolithic and Paleolithic Agriculture

Paleolithic and Neolithic Agriculture
The Transfer
Since the beginning humans have relied on animals and plants as their source of food
Before any type of farming humans were hunter-gatherers
Hunters-gatherers would do things like
Fish
Hunt
Gather plants like berries
The Transfer
The Neolithic Revolution was the building block for our current agricultural system
This revolution happened between 11,500 and 5,000 years ago
By Ian Chertoff & Christian Hammond
(slide 2)
The Beginnings of Agriculture
The introduction of agriculture into Europe caused population crashes everywhere
These new food production techniques eventually led to population booms
This new "farming" was able to feed more people, causing more towns and cities
Early Crops
The earliest known crops are rice and millet
With the advancement of new tools and discovery of new farming techniques more crops could be grown for a bigger yield
At this time cities were able to feed right around 800 people
Early Crops
As time went on more and more crops were grown
This started with barley and moved to wheat and legumes (beans)
Early Crops
Tools and Weapons
Weapons and tools were beginning to be made in the stone age
Axes were beginning to be made along with spears
Many tools were made specifically for thee advancement of farming
(slide 3)
The skeleton belongs to a young female in her 20s, and can be dated to around 4,700 years ago.
The Transfer
(slide 2)
Jericho is one of the oldest continuously lived in cities in the world
Jericho had natural water springs, which attracted people to the area.
The Beginnings of agriculture
(slide 2)
(slide 3)
legumes
barley
Tools and weapons
Tools and Weapons
Paleolithic man were basic hunter-gatherers
Mesolithic became slightly more advanced with the weapons and tools
Neolithic man had the most advanced tools seeing as he was leading the revolution
Animals
The Middle East was the first region to domesticate animals
Cattle was domesticated from oxen
New studies show that oxen could have been domesticated 10,500 years ago
Pigs and cattle were raised for food
Animals
Animals
Some of these animals were work animals
Oxen was one of these work animals
Sources
http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/paleo_0153-9345_1984_num_10_2_939
Hole, Frank. "A Reassessment of the Neolithic Revolution." Paleorient 10.10-2 (1984): 49-60. Print.
German, Senta. "The Neolithic Revolution." - Smarthistory. KhanAcademy, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/the-neolithic-revolution.html
Stein, Gil. "Foundations." The Origins of Civilization, Gil Stein. University of Chicago, 2010. Web. 27 Sept. 2013.

http://phys.org/news/2012-04-genetic-agriculture-stone-age-europe.html
"Genetic Study Shed Light on Rise of Agriculture in Stone Age Europe." Genetic Study Shed Light on Rise of Agriculture in Stone Age Europe. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.

http://library.thinkquest.org/08aug/01930/history/stoneage.html
"Stone Age." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.
(slide 2)
(slide 3)
(slide 2)
(slide 3)
http://www.umdrightnow.umd.edu/news/early-agriculture-had-dramatic-effects-humans
"Early Agriculture Had Dramatic Effects on Humans." UMD Right Now. University of Maryland, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/british_prehistory/overview_british_prehistory_01.shtml
Pryor, Francis, Dr. "From Neolithic to Bronze Age." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.

http://www.penfield.edu/webpages/jgiotto/onlinetextbook.cfm?subpage=1525826
"The New Stone Age (Neolithic Era)." The New Stone Age (Neolithic Era). N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.

http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab63
"HUNTER-GATHERERS TO FARMERS." HUNTER-GATHERERS TO FARMERS. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.
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