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Transcript of The Brain
Brain + spinal chord = Central Nervous
Complex system involved in everything we do
(Journal of Comparative Neurology, 2009)
At birth 350-400g
Difference in size and structure between sexes.
Ruigrol, et al 2013
Little or no correlation with intelligence.
3 main components: Hind, Mid, Forebrain.
What do you think the functions of the hindbrain are?
Fine motor control
Most complex thing
in the Universe!
Largest part of the brain.
2 halves connected by the by the corpus callosum
Stucture-Gyri and Sulci
Grey matter & White matter
The spinal chord
Questions for you to
Revise the anatomy in a bit more detail.
Broca and Wernicke's areas control language, what about the other centres?
Sits within the skull.
Bathed in CSF (Cerebrospinal Fluid)
Lets start at the beginning, our brains had to come from somewhere!
Start from the top!
Lateralization-left and right have different functions.
Thalamus and hypothalamus
Originates from the foramen magnum
Spinal cord and nerves
Long thin tube of nerve tissue which runs (much of the way) down through the vertebral column.
Roughly about 45 cm long in an adult.
Extends down from the FM to between 1st and 2nd lumber vertebrae.
Protected by the vertebral column.
Can be described as having 3 main parts.
3 main sections
31 pairs of nerves
Nerves which branch off to peripheral.
C1-C7 (Cervical) vertebrae
Spine Cross Section
Read around CNS
Familiarise yourself with the Anatomy and Physiology
Think, how does this relate to my patients, service users, clients, women.
By the end of this session:
A basic understanding of the gross anatomy
of the brain and function.
An overview of the anatomy of the spine.
You'll start thinking how is normal A&P
affected in illness and injury?
(& optic nerves)
What are the functions of CSF?
Examine the skull, look at the landmarks.