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Separation and attachment/easing separation anxiety.
Transcript of Separation and attachment/easing separation anxiety.
Attachment is the social and emotional relationship children develop with the significant people in their lives.
Separation, the removal of children from the presence of the caregiver(s) to whom they are attached.
Separation Anxiety is anxiety provoked in a young child by separation or the threat of separation from the caregiver(s) to whom they are attached.
Staff and Parent's Differing Perceptions
Examples of Separation Anxiety
*We will each tell a story of separation anxiety we have experienced*
Book: Touchpoints: Birth to Three: Your Child's Emotional and Behavioral Development By T.B. Brazeltion and J.D. Sparrow
www.zerotothree.ord (National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families)
Handout: Note to parents: Daily separation
Why Do Toddlers and Infants Experience Separation Anxiety?
Children go through feelings of separation anxiety for different reasons, but on a basic level, they believe their survival is dependent on having a primary caregiver close by. Toddlers are also still too young to understand the concept of time. Leaving them in a room for a few minutes or with a babysitter or at day care for a few hours feels like the same amount of time for them. So instead of sneaking off, which a toddler can interpret as leaving forever, be sure to say adieu, but keep the parting simple and short. Try to convey that the time apart is temporary and is not a cause for alarm. Also, "somewhat ironically, anxiety can be a sign of the child's increasing autonomy," says Miranda Goodman-Wilson, assistant professor of psychology at Eckerd College in St. Petersburg, Florida. "They have their own opinion on the situation -- that Mom shouldn't leave -- and want to exert control."
Potential, contributing factors adding to parents increased feelings of separation anxiety
*Being a new parent.
*Young relationship with significant other.
*Being a single parent.
*Stress and fatigue from childbirth or adoption.
* Returning to workforce
*Exhaustion from infant sleep patterns
*Entrusting the care of their child to caregivers they don't know well.
*First time parents not knowing what to expect.
**Separation anxiety can reoccur multiple times beyond the childcare years. EXAMPLE: Full day school, Camp, College, Leaving the house for good.
Girl who is attached to her PCG
We currently have a boy who is new to our classroom experiencing this. We have met with his parents to discuss possible solutions.
Recently , a girl who is new to our classroom had a very hard time when being dropped off on her first day.
Staff are often educated in developmentally appropriate behavior.
Viewed as annoying or bratty behavior if not educated.
View the behavior as manipulating instead of emotions.
View it as a reflection of their parent child relationship
Guilt or feeling of replacement when child doesn't show signs of distress when they leave.
How to use resources with families.
~The handout could be given to all families entering a new classroom.
~As problems with separation arise I would suggest that parents visit the website to get advise.
~I would periodically put the resources in our newsletter for parents.
A new strategy learned in Prime Times book
~ The child and the parents to swap pictures. Child gives a picture of them taken at the center to the parent, and parent gives one to child that was taken of them at their desk. At the end of the day they switch back and leave the photos at the center. I plan to use this one our classroom.
How to use these resources for staff training
Require that all staff read the book to understand the behavior.
Hold a staff meeting where everyone goes through the parent hand out together.
Incorporate information from the website into a weekly/monthly staff newsletter.
Reflection of DAP and Licensing standards
We provided a developmentally appropriate strategy to help with separation anxiety that does not go against licensing.
We gave appropriate resources to provide information of the subject.
Separation Anxiety is a real issue that children and parents go through but there are ways to help make these situations better for everyone involved if everybody is willing to work hard and use effective strategies.