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The Mills Bomb - History Class

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by

Alicia Pink

on 27 March 2013

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Transcript of The Mills Bomb - History Class

through WW1 The Mills Bomb The Mills Bomb was created by William Mills in Birmingham, England in 1915 Many modifications of Mills' grenade have been made, the original is the No.5, and the No.23 is a variant of No.5 with an added base plug so it could be fired from a rifle, and many other variants were made.
By 1918 the No.23 and the No.5 were declared obsolete; which meant they were no longer produced or used; out of date. The Mills Bomb is a grooved cast iron "pineapple" shape with a central striker lever held by a hand lever and secured by a safety pin. The segmented body helps to create fragments when exploded.
When using a Mills Bomb you must remove the safety pin while holding down the striker lever beneath it. When the grenade is actually thrown and the striker lever is released, then a four second fuse is set off, and then once the four seconds is up the explosive charge explodes and the serrated exterior fragments. How the Mills Bomb works and How to use it There are two types of detonation methods; On impact (percussion) or a timed fuse. The preferred detonation method with military is a timed fuse, because with percussion detonation (on impact) there was always the risk of accidentally setting off a grenade while in a trench or around allied soldiers and causing an explosion. Pulling the pin out by hand and setting a fuse then became a common place and was a feature in most later grenades. Detonation

In WW1 grenades were considered so dangerous that handling them was considered a specialism in the British army in World War I. The British soldier who handled them was given a specific designation of "bomber".The soldier who carried the grenades, primed them and armed them was called a bomber. He wore a specialist patch that he earned after attending a course on grenades Inside View of the Mills Bomb Outside View of the Mills Bomb by: Alicia Pink After the Mills bomb was created there were over 50 types of other grenades developed; like Fragmentation: These grenades are used to produce casualties by high-velocity projection of fragments.
Illuminating: This grenade is used to provide illumination of terrain and targets.
Chemical: These grenades are used for incendiary, screening, signaling, training, or riot-control
.Offensive:This grenade is used for blast effect
.Practice and Training: These grenades are for training personnel in use, care and handling of service grenades.
and Nonlethal: This grenade is used for diversionary purposes or when lethal force is not desired.
The Mills Bomb was officially referred to as “No.5”
There were other variants created, such as the No.23, No.36, etc. But all were the same idea as the No.5 with added improvements. The Mills Bomb is lethal over a 45 meter diameter which is good so if the throw wasn't exact, if the enemy was in a 45 meter diameter of the bomb it was still lethal. The Mills Bomb only weighed 1.25 lbs, which was good for the soldiers who had carry around about two dozen of them at a time, so it made it easier for them to carry, and carry more. Over 33 million Mills Bombs were used in WW1 before the Armistice in 1918
and the Mills Bomb was used in WW1, WW2, Vietnam, and a host of other conflicts around the world. It is still one of the most popular grenades. The German Kugelhandgranate was developed before hostilities commenced. It was first introduced in 1913. So the Mills bomb was not the first grenade but was seen as the safest. Each Mills Bomb had 70 grams of TNT in them, and 10grams of TNT will blow approximately 1 square meter. The End Detonation
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