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Transcript of Azande Presentation
This oracle is the lower of the two and can be used by anyone. It is built with two branches from two separate trees. Each branch is assigned an option and then is inserted into the ground to be left overnight. The next morning whichever branch has been eaten by the termites is "answer" to the decision.
This oracle is considered far more powerful than the termite oracle, and for that reason is only allowed to be used by men. A poison is injected into a live chicken. Once the poison is injected the person can then begin to ask the chicken yes or no questions.
The answers to those questions are then interpreted through the chicken. If the chicken dies then the answers are considered truthful. However, if the chicken lives then the answers are not considered truthful. No matter what decision is made it must be acted upon immediately. Dress Traditionally, Azande women wore cloth skirts and children wore necklaces made from chains of metal rings. Some Azande would also have their heads wrapped in cord, with the belief that it will protect their brains from evil spirits. In the past, Azande musicians and witch doctors wore costumes consisting of a cloth skirt, an elaborate headdress, and beads and bangles on the arms and around the ankles. Dwelling In precolonial times, Azande homesteads were typically widely scattered. A common pattern was for men from the same lineage to live in the same general area. Traditionally, huts were made of wood and mud. Each homestead was surrounded by gardens where a man and one or more of his wives grew crops such as sorghum or cassava. Colonialism changed this. Colonists forced many Azande to move to European-style villages of parallel straight streets. They often lived next to people who were strangers rather than relatives or kin. This change had a significant impact on Azande culture. Cultivation/Manufacture Manufacture:
The Azande are known as expert blacksmiths, potters, and wood carvers. A few smiths still operate as nearly full-time specialists, but most of their work consists of repairing blades and tools; iron smelting has ceased. Zande still make pots, carve wooden utensils, and weave baskets and mats.
The Azande are mainly small-scale farmers. Common crops include corn, rice, peanuts, sesame, cassava and sweet potatoes. Fruits grown in the area include mangos, oranges, bananas, pineapples, and also sugar cane. Political Structure Traditionally, the Azande nation's political structure consisted mainly of a group of Kingdoms, which were all ruled by members of the Avungara Dynasty. The size and number of these kingdoms varied over time as each kingdom was constantly at war with other kingdoms to increase its territory. The Termite Oracle Benge Chain of Command Chiefs
Governors Declaring war, holding a royal court, establishing laws managed provinces, paid tribute to the chief.
Often tried to set up their own states Warfare The Azande are fierce warriors. Used shields and spears
Fought mainly through a series of ambushes
Azande tribes engaged in warfare with each other often to increase their own territory. Source of income Subsistence farming
Cassava and coffee are important cash
Market trade is becoming increasingly important to the Azande economy as more and more of them are starting to live near towns. Division of Labor Women Subsistence farming, preparing and cooking food, gathering leaves for her husband's bed, collecting water, gathering firewood, delivering messages, and more MEN building and maintaining the homestead
Working outside of the home BEARING CHILDREN government positions in the kingdom Naming??? Afterlife In the Azande culture, all deaths, except those of very small children, are attributed to witchcraft or magic and call for magical vengeance. After death, the soul (mbisimo) becomes a ghost, which may sometimes reside in the homestead ghost shrine, but also dwells with other ghosts and with the Supreme Being, Mbori, in the forest. Religious Ceremonies The most important ceremonies are the witch doctors' séances. One or more witch doctors, in colorful ceremonial clothes, would dance and sing to music before beginning the séance Consulting the Oracles is also an important ceremony Lifecycle Women Birth (achieved by observing and assisting one's mother) womanhood Marriage Childbearing Death Men Birth Death Marriage Circumcision Family Size Men are encouraged to have multiple wives.
However, few can afford it. Each wife and her children live in their own home that is owned by the husband. Transportation South Sudan is almost entirely unpaved
Common modes of transport include airways and railroads. http://azande.webs.com/
http://www.everyculture.com/wc/Brazil-to-Congo-Republic-of/Azande.html#b References Katelyn Foland
Azande Presentation The Church Nowadays, the biggest religion among the Azande is Roman Catholicism.
Ethnic Religions make up about 15.00 % of the population. Current Issues in South Sudan After years of civil war, millions of people living in South Sudan still struggle with food insecurity and poverty.
About 51 percent of the population lives below the poverty line.
Only about 48 percent of children are enrolled in primary school; the percentage of children entering secondary school is even lower. South Sudan has the second lowest child enrollment rates in the world, after Afghanistan.
More than 250,000 people are living with HIV or AIDS.
The mortality rate for children under age 5 is 135 per 1,000 live births. Malaria, acute respiratory infections, and diarrheal diseases, combined with malnutrition, are the leading causes of death for children under the age of 5. Conclusion The Azande have a proud, culture rich history. They are warriors who are unafraid to fight for themselves and their own independence.
However, the battles for independence have left the country of South Sudan in distress. It is important to pray for the physical needs of the country as well as the spiritual.