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To Kill a Mockingbird

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sara camarro

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird

Introduction & Chapter 1
Before we begin
1. What do you currently know about the novel To Kill A Mockingbird?
2. Write down 2 words that describe how you feel about reading this novel.
Where do you stand?
On your sheet of paper, respond to each statement by circling
"yes,"
or
"no"
next to the statement number.
Retrieved from www.barnesandnoble.com
3. A hero is born, not made.
4. The boundaries of good and evil are clearly defined.

5. Adults understand things better than children.
6. People should be held accountable for their actions.
Allusions
FDR
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
flivver
A small, cheap, old automobile
"Disturbance between
the North and South"
Merlin
Merlin was the wizard in King Arthur, Excalibur, and Knights of the Round Table.
Retrieved from www.buddyltrains.com
The Gray Ghost
A mystery novel written in 1926
Retrieved from www.openlibrary.org
Tom Swift
A series of stories for boys
Retrieved from www.spaceacts.com
32nd President of the United States
summary
Reading Together
As I read aloud, follow along and write down any
questions
you have about the text. You will probably have many questions, as the beginning is the hardest part of the book. After that, it will be much easier! You should have
AT LEAST

4 questions
written by the end of the chapter.
Character Introduction
For each of the following characters, write down a word or phrase to describe their character, and a line(s) from the first chapter to support your answer.
1. Atticus Finch
2. Jem Finch

3. Stephanie Crawford
4. Calpurnia

5. Mr. Radley
6. Mrs. Dubose
7. Dill
8. Scout Finch
9. Boo Radley

10. Nathan Radley
Chapters 2-3
Atticus
Scout
Jem
Walter
Calpurnia
Dill
Burris
Boo
Vocabulary
Big Mules
Business owners in northern Alabama with great power and wealth who influenced politicians
catawba
worms
A type of caterpillar used by fishermen in the south of America
Lorenzo Dow
A fiery Methodist preacher
Unreliable Narrator?
Scout is telling the story as an adult, but often flashes back to her perspective as a little girl. Her use of flashbacks forces us to keep two things in mind:

1. Scout tells the story as an adult, so we learn certain details that Scout could not have known as a child,

But

2. During flashbacks, Scout as a little girl does not always understand everything happening around her, so we as readers must make inferences to come to our own conclusions about events in the plot.
hookworms
A disease caused by the parasite hookworms. Symptoms include abdominal pain and weakness.
entailment
Entailed land can only be inherited by the owner's legitimate children. It was a way to keep an estate intact for multiple generations.
The Crash
The stock market crash in 1929 that led to the Great Depression
WPA
Works Progress Administration: a government organisation founded by Franklin Roosevelt as part of the New Deal that built new roads, bridges, hospitals, schools, etc. across the United States
cootie
Slang for head lice
fractious
Irritable or cross
magnesia
A white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
Review
With a partner, discuss the first chapter of the book and any questions you wrote down.
What are you still confused about?
Read together
Favourite Character
Finish reading through chapter three. Then write a paragraph
(of at least 5 sentences with a topic sentence and closing sentence)
explaining who your favorite character is so far and why.
Reflective Writing
Why might we consider Scout an "unreliable narrator"? Does this mean she is telling lies? Explain.
To Kill a Mockingbird: The Setting
Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930s


Chapters 4-5
irritable or cross
a white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
Chapters 6-8
Chapters 9-11
Part 1
Chapters 17-18
Chapters 25-28
Chapters 15-16
Chapters 20-24
Chapters 12-14
Chapters 19-21
Chapters 29-31
Part 2
Vocabulary
auspicious
Business owners in northern Alabama with great power and wealth who influenced politicians
Dewey Decimal System
A type of caterpillar used by fishermen in the South
tyranny
A fiery Methodist preacher
mortify
A disease caused by the parasite hookworms. Symptoms include abdominal pain and weakness.
Indian Head Penny
The act of paying something back or transferring something to another person
tacit
The stock market crash in 1929 that led to the Great Depression
incomprehensible
Works Progress Administration: a government organization founded by Franklin Roosevelt as part of the New Deal that built new roads, bridges, hospitals, schools, etc. across the United States
asinine
Slang for head lice
irritable or cross
a white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
Being a sign of future success
A numerical system of classifying and arranging books in a library by subject
Cruel and oppressive government or rule
Cause (someone) to feel embarrassed, ashamed, or humiliated
The Indian Head one-cent coin, also known as an Indian Penny, was produced 1859 to 1909
To be understood or implied without being stated.
Not able to be understood; not intelligible
Extremely stupid or foolish
Character Influences
How have we seen the characters in TKAM influence one another? Write 2-3 sentences about how each of the following pairs of characters have been effected or influenced by the other:

1. How has Dill influenced Jem?
2. How has Calpurnia influenced Scout?
3. How has Atticus influenced Scout?
4. How has Boo Radley influenced Jem, Scout, and Dill?
Take a minute to look at the images below. In your exercise book, write a brief description of each image and then a few sentences about how you feel when looking at these pictures.
How do these images of racism and segregation affect your understanding of TKAM?
Answer this question in your exercise book, approx 150 words.
Read Chapters 4 & 5
Answer the following questions in detail and hand them up for assessment :
Ch 4:
1. What are the two things Scout finds in the
tree?
2. Why did Atticus get mad at Jem at the end of
the chapter? What game were they playing?
Ch 5:
1. What does Maudie say happened to Arthur
(Boo) Radley?
2. What did Jem and Dill write on their note to
Boo?
3. Who are the two adults who are
sympathetic towards Boo?
irritable or cross
a white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
Vocabulary
Business owners in northern Alabama with great power and wealth who influenced politicians
A type of caterpillar used by fishermen in the South
A fiery Methodist preacher
A disease caused by the parasite hookworms. Symptoms include abdominal pain and weakness.
The act of paying something back or transferring something to another person
The stock market crash in 1929 that led to the Great Depression
Works Progress Administration: a government organization founded by Franklin Roosevelt as part of the New Deal that built new roads, bridges, hospitals, schools, etc. across the United States
Slang for head lice
irritable or cross
a white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
dismemberment:
The act of cutting, tearing, pulling, wrenching or otherwise removing, the limbs of a living thing
malignant
Having or showing desire to harm others
pilgrimage
A journey to a sacred place or shrine
ascertain
To discover with certainty, as through examination
libel
A false publication eg in writing, print, signs, or pictures that damages a person's reputation
aberration
A departure from the normal or typical
Intended Learning: Students will analyse the text in order to support their opinions during inquiry discussion.
Jim Crow Laws
Reflections
With a partner, answer the following questions about chapters 4 & 5. Write your answers in your exercise books.
1. List three major events that happened in chapters 4 & 5?
2. a. Who is Maudie Atkinson?
b. What did she have to say about Arthur (Boo) Radley?
c. Why might she be an important person to Jem and Scout?
3. a. Are your feelings and thoughts towards Boo changing?
b. If so, why? If not, why not?


Have you ever been discriminated against? If so, when, where, and how were you discriminated? How did you feel when you were discriminated against?

If you believe that you have never been the victim of discrimination, write about what you would do if you ever had to talk with someone who did not like you because of your race, religion, ethnicity, or skin color.
Discussion Questions - no need to answer in your book
Important quotes and passages?
What's going on here?
You are about to watch a short clip about the rise and fall of Jim Crow Laws in the United States. After watching the clip answer the following questions.
P
L
O
T

Exposition
creates the tone
gives the setting
introduces the characters
supplies background information and other facts necessary for understanding
Complication
the knot (you'll understand soon)
introduces the conflict (the struggle that grows out of the interaction of two opposing forces)
sets the rising action in motion
Rising Action
the intensifying of the complication
the event or events that present and develop the story's conflict
Climax
the turning point or highest point of action in the story
point at which the most important part of the action takes place and the final outcome is inevitable
Falling Action
events in a narrative that follow the climax
resolves the conflict of the story
Resolution
French term:
denouement
(the untying of a knot)
conclusion of the action of the plot
falling action is brought to a close
outcome of the conflict is presented to the reader
the plan, scheme, or main story
of a literary or dramatic work
Who do you think is leaving Jem and Scout the presents in the tree? Why do you think this?
What do you think the significance is of the hole in the tree being plugged up?
What do you think the fire at Miss Maudie's house represents? Do you think it is significant or foreshadows anything?
Jim Crow Laws
Legal punishments on people for consorting with members of another race. The most common types of laws forbade intermarriage and ordered business owners and public institutions to keep their black and white clientele separated.
irritable or cross
a white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
Vocabulary
Business owners in northern Alabama with great power and wealth who influenced politicians
A type of caterpillar used by fishermen in the South
A fiery Methodist preacher
A disease caused by the parasite hookworms. Symptoms include abdominal pain and weakness.
The act of paying something back or transferring something to another person
The stock market crash in 1929 that led to the Great Depression
Works Progress Administration: a government organization founded by Franklin Roosevelt as part of the New Deal that built new roads, bridges, hospitals, schools, etc. across the United States
Slang for head lice
irritable or cross
a white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
prey
To hunt and kill for food
deportment
A person's behavior or manners
feeble
Lacking physical strength
simultaneous
Done at the same time
melancholy
Sad, gloomy, or depressed
viscous
Having a thick, sticky consistency between solid and liquid.
Discussion Questions:
Who do you think 'influenced' the people in the pictures?
Do you think that teenagers and adults today are influenced to feel one way or another about race? Who influences your thoughts on race and equality?

While reading, write down at least 5 questions, facts, and/or reactions to the text.
You must have at least five.
Quick Write
Vocabulary
Business owners in northern Alabama with great power and wealth who influenced politicians
A type of caterpillar used by fishermen in the South
A fiery Methodist preacher
A disease caused by the parasite hookworms. Symptoms include abdominal pain and weakness.
The act of paying something back or transferring something to another person
The stock market crash in 1929 that led to the Great Depression
Slang for head lice
irritable or cross
a white, tasteless powder used as an antacid and mild laxative
Shadrach
castile
habiliments
quarters
asafoetida
rotogravure
impedimenta
voile
Blackstone's Commentaries
tight
amanuensis
DIALECT
Dialect is a specific form of language that is peculiar to a specific region or group of people.
We ALL have our own dialect.
Grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary all influence a person's dialect. Our dialect is different from people in other parts of Australia.
Because the book takes place in Alabama, the characters in TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD also have a unique dialect. Many of the words they use include
contractions.
"Ah -- I won
'em
from him."
"Won
them
? How?"
"We were
playin'
strip poker
up yonder by the fishpool."
What do you notice about the difference between
Atticus' language and Dill's?
What does this tell us about the two characters?
How do you know?
Your turn: With a partner, identify three examples of contractions used on pp. 102-103. Write each one down. Then, next to it, write how it would be written without the contraction.
EXAMPLE:
"I won
'em
from him"
=
"I won
them
from him"
From the Bible: one of the three captives who came out of the fiery furnace miraculously unharmed: Dan. 3:12-27
A mild soap
Clothing; attire
A particular district in a city
A bad-smelling gum resin from plants used to treat disease or prevent illness
A printing process
Things preventing progress, especially on a trip (An impediment is something that gets in the way). An impedimenta is something specific like luggage, supplies, or equipment that an army would carry.
A thin fabric used for clothing or curtains
One of the most important books ever written on English law
Drunk - slang term
An assistant or secretary
Vocabulary
Vocabulary
Vocabulary
Vocabulary
Motif
A
motif
is a recurring idea or image in a piece of literature
In TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD,
motifs
include the mockingbird, Boo Radley, and small-town life
Motifs
are stated directly and often help reveal the themes in a text
Motifs
are usually specific to that story or novel (they don't apply to other texts)
Small-town Life Motifs
We know that a
motif
in TKM is
small-town life
. In pairs, work together to identify examples of small-town life from Chps 15 & 16.
Racism Theme
The
theme
of racism emerges more clearly in chapters 15 & 16. Identify and write three examples of exact quotes from these chapters that
d
emonstrate the
theme
of racism.
placid
linotype
peculiarity
antagonize
acquiesce
Even though he was loud and excited in public, Charles was a relatively
placid
man at home with his family.
Newspapers were no longer printed on a
linotype
once computers became widely available in the 1960s and 1970s.
Johnny's most noticeable
peculiarity
is that he prefers sleeping during the day and not at night.
The younger brother constantly
antagonized
his older sibling until a fight eventually broke out.
Even though he did not want to take a bath, Mario
acquiesced
without a fight because he saw that his mother was upset.
Theme
A
theme
is a message or a main idea that the
reader can infer from a text
One
theme
in TKM is that you don't really know someone until you walk in their shoes
Themes
are not stated directly, but
are

figured out by analysing motifs and other information in the text
Themes
are universal (they apply to more than just the story or novel)
skewed
corroborating
fluctuations
corrugated
traumas
acrimonious
pantomime
contorted
evoked
pilgrimage
articulate
Small Group Discussion
Who is on trial beginning in Chapter 17?
What is he on trial for?
Who is defending him?
Who is the prosecutor?
Who is the judge?
Who is charging him with the crime?
The Trial
Create a chart like the one below and fill in the appropriate information for each witness
Witness
What We Learn From His/Her Testimony
Page #
Heck Tate
Bob Ewell
Mayella
Ewell
Reflection
Did you find Bob Ewell's testimony truthful? Why or why not?
Verb: Turned to one side.
Verb: confirm or give support
Noun: changes
Adj: Shaped into alternate ridges and grooves.
Noun: distressing or disturbing experiences
Adj: angry and bitter
Noun: a dramatic performance
where actors make gestures and are accompanied by music
Verb: twisted or bent out of shape
Verb: to bring about
Noun: a trip to a holy land
Adj: Having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently
Film - excerpt
After viewing the testimony of Heck Tate, Bob Ewell, and Mayella Ewell from the film....
List three characteristics
of each character
(eg smart, funny, obtuse)

Explain why you chose each word
.
Quick Write!
In 2-3 sentences, explain who you believe is the better lawyer, Mr. Gilmer or Atticus. Be specific!
Predicting the text
Will Tom be found guilty or innocent?
Write your thoughts in 2-3 sentences. Be specific!
acquainted
unimpaired
expunge
candid
discreet
perpetrate
pauper
tacit
droves
vengeance
I first became acquainted with Mr. Jones after I met him at a party.
Because he had not ingested any drugs or alcohol, Shawn's decision making was unimpaired.
The judge instructed the recorder to expunge the last statement from the record because it was out of line.
While some athletes give lengthy interviews, many are not entirely candid with the journalist interviewing them.
The late student tried to be discreet by slipping quietly into the classroom through the back door.
A crime has been perpetrated against the group working for equal rights.
minute
While the dictator lived in wealth and luxury, most of the citizens were paupers who scraped to find meals each day.
It is a tacit rule in society that you stand a few feet behind people while waiting to use the ATM.
People came out in droves to Mt Barker Football Club's first match of the season, and the second should be quite similar.
Harry Potter knew that he must have his vengeance with Voldemort since he killed Harry's parents.
In an FBI investigation, every minute detail must be scrutinised in order to ensure that nothing is missed.
Atticus' Closing Argument: Is it Persuasive?
Reread pgs 223 - 227 and complete the chart below.
Important Quote
What it means in your own words
1
2
3
Write a response explaining Atticus' argument and whether or not it is persuasive. Your response should have an introductory thesis, and then two full paragraphs.
The thesis should say: "Atticus' main point is that _________ and it is/is not persuasive because _____.
impassive
cynical
credibility
acquittal
vehement
wrath
reverence
wary
commence
squalor
linger
preface
Read and Respond
Read Ch. 22 and respond to the following questions:
1.

What is the significance of Alexandra calling
Atticus "brother?"
2. Why does Miss Maudie give Jem a piece of cake
from the big cake and not his own small one?
3. Jem says that when he gets older he will outlaw
juries.
Do you think this is a good idea?
Why or why not?
Even after his dog died, the impassive man did not change his expression.
After he was cheated on, the man became cynical toward a relationship of any kind.
Once the student was caught skipping class and lied about it, his credibility was shot.
Even though all evidence pointed to a guilty verdict, the defendant was granted an acquittal.
Even though he was hurt, Tom G was vehement about staying in the game.
After disobeying the Emperor, the pauper felt the wrath of the man in charge.
The martial arts student had great reverence for his master, who taught him everything he knew.
After seeing the snake on the plane, the woman was wary of ever flying again.
After the national anthem, the game commenced.
Because they were responsible for bathing themselves, the Ewell children lived in squalor.
Even though he left the room, the dog passed gas and everyone could smell it for minutes because it lingered.
The author prefaced his book with a story about what motivated him to write it.
Paragraph
1. Make your claim (topic sentence)
Atticus' main point is that _____________.
2. Support your claim with proof from the text.
Atticus illustrates his point when he says, "___________________________________."
3. Explain how the proof from the text proves
your claim to be true.
This shows that _______________________.
4. If your paragraph is short, use another
example and then explain it like you did
with the first proof.

Reread the last couple pages of Chapter 24 starting on page 259. Which of the following three choices do you find to be the most disturbing event over those pages and why.

Must be a half page with a thesis (your MAIN argument)
1. The idea that Tom Robinson had given up all hope and
attempted to escape prison.
2. The fact that Tom Robinson was shot 17 times.
3. When Miss. Maudie and Aunt Alexandra walked back to
lunch with their friends after hearing the news about
Tom, but acting as if nothing had happened.
Column 1:
Identify 4
themes in
TKAM.

Describe each theme and find 2-3 events in the novel that illustrate each.
Column 2:
Identify the
mood(s) for
each Chps 29-31

Write the mood
and give
examples from
the book that
prove your
assertion.
Column 3:
Find 4 key
quotes from
TKAM Chps 29-31.

Write the full quote and who said it.

Write 2-3 sentences for each on why the quote is significant.
Paired Task
Answer the following questions.
1. Why does Jem get so upset about Scout crushing the
bug?

2. What's the connection between this scene and
Atticus' rule not to kill mockingbirds?
3. How does Helen Robinson (Tom's wife) react to the
news of his death? Answer using a quote and then
explain the quote.

4. How does the rest of Maycomb react to the news of
Tom's death?Answer using a quotation and then
explain the quote. What does Mr. Ewell mean
when he says, on p. 266, that with Tom dead, that
"...made one down and about two more to go?"

1. What's the difference between America and
Germany, according to Scout's teacher?

2. What does the dictatorship in Germany allow
Hitler to do?
Why can it be dangerous to have a dictatorship?
Create a poster
illustrating the
themes
Read along to the audio for the final Chapter of TKAM.
Ch. 31 pt1
Ch. 31 pt. 2
Total audio time approx. 15min
Reflections
Complete one column of activities
Images
Racism
Questions
1. What is white supremacy?

2. Give four examples that
demonstrate that racism was
rife in the Maycomb County.
Chp 25
Chp 26
Contractions
Chapter 1 is FULL of
Allusions. . .not illusions
a reference to a person, place, thing or event outside the story.
"Somehow it was hotter back then: a black dog suffered on a summer's day; bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square" (6).
Example



"Hoover cart"
During part of the great depression of the 1930's when Herbert Hoover was president, many automobile owners could not afford gasoline to power their cars so they would cut off the rear end of the vehicle, attach a it to a horse or mule. These carts acquired the nickname "Hoover Carts" in "honor" of President Hoover.
1. All men (and women) are created equal.
2. Honesty is the best policy.
"We have nothing to fear but . . . . "
A reference to the Civil War 1861-1865
John Wesley was the founder of the Methodist Church, and one of the first to speak out against slavery.
It is used to describe Dill
Before you go
Write down the most interesting thing you learned today.


It's one of those towns where every one knows every one, and because it was in the 1930s no one had a lot of money.
Chapter 1 is full of
Allusions. . . not illusions
Allusion: a reference to a person, place, event, or time outside of the story.
Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square. Somehow, it was hotter then: a black dog suffered on a summer's day; bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks in the square. (TKMB 6)
Hoover Carts
During part of the great depression of the 1930's when Herbert Hoover was president, many auotomobile owners could not afford gasoline to power their cars so would cut off the rear end of the vehicle, attach a tongue and pull it as a cart with either a horse or mule. Others simply took the rear end housing out of the car, built a wooden cart over the housing and pull this with a horse or mule. These carts acquired the nickname "Hoover Carts" in "honor" of President Hoover.
Methodist
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