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Ancient Rome timeline

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by

gary oswalt

on 28 March 2011

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Transcript of Ancient Rome timeline

Ancient Rome Timeline
753 BC
Mythical founding
of Rome by Romulus
and Remus
509 BC
Rome becomes a republic
by overthrowing their Estrucan king.
451 BC
Rome develops the first
law code called the Twelve
Tables
1st Punic War
264-241 BC
Punic Wars

264-146 BC

2nd Punic War
218-201 BC
3rd Punic War
149-146 BC
218 BC Sept-Oct.
Hannibal crosses
the Alps
Rome vs. Carthage
217 BC
Battle of Lake
Trasimene
218 BC Dec.
Battle of Trebia
216 BC
Battle of Cannae
202 BC
Battle of Zama
Corsica
Sardinia
Sicily
Rome destroys
Carthage and becomes
the dominant power in
the Mediterreanean
Rome defeats Carthage.Hamlicar Barca passes
his hatred and obsession
with Rome onto his son,
Hannibal.
Hannibal's magnificent
victories cannot stop
Rome from final glory
at Zama.This ends the 2nd Punic War.
Romans use concrete
for the first time in
Roman city of Palestrina
200 BC
73-71 BC
Spartacus slave revolt
49 BC
Caesar and Cleopatra join forces
45 BC
Caesar becomes dictator of Rome
44 BC
Julius Caesar
is assassinated
by senators
31 BC
30 BC
Battle
of
Actium
Marc Antony and Cleopatra
are defeated in a naval
battle by Octavian
Cleopatra and Antony
commit suicide
27 BC
Octavian changes name to Augustus and becomes Rome's first emperor.
200 yr. Pax Romana
(Roman peace) begins
A.D. 33
A.D. 64
A.D. 79
A.D. 80
Jesus crucified-
beginning of Christianity
Great fire in Rome
begins. Nero blames
Christians and begins
persecution.
Flavian Amphitheater
(Colosseum) opens.
Mt.Vesuvius erupts
buries Pompeii
A.D. 293
Diocletian splits empire
into four sections (two parts) ruled
by two co-emperors
A.D. 330
Constantine I moves capital
from Rome to Constantinople-becomes Rome's first Christian
emperor.
A.D. 455
Rome sacked by Vandals
A.D. 476
Fall of the Western
Roman Empire as Germanic
barbarian warrior Odoacer
deposes the emperor Romulus
Augustulus
Breaking News!!
A.D 476-1453
Eastern Empire survives approx. another 1,000 years
as the Byzantine Empire
A.D. 1453
Fall of the Eastern Roman
Empire to the Ottoman Turks-
Constantinople becomes Istanbul
A.D. 410
Goths become first
barbarian* group to capture Rome
The Western Roman Empire (Europe/North Africa)included the city of Rome.
The Eastern Roman Empire (Turkey/parts of Asia) included the city of Byzantium (Constantinople)
1
2
3
*Barbarian groups/leaders
Visigoths - Alaric
Vandals - Geiseric (Gaiseric)
Huns - Attila
Ostrogoths - Theodoric
Celtic - Boadicea (female!)
Gallic - Vercingetorix
Forces:
Romans -42,000
Carthaginians - 40,000

Casualties/captured:
Romans - 28,000
Carthaginians - unknown
Forces:
Romans - 30,000
Carthaginians - 60,000

Casualties/captured:
Romans - 15,000
Carthaginians - 1,500
Forces:
Romans - 87,000
Carthaginians - 56,000

Casuslties/captured:
Romans - 50,000
Carthaginians - 8,000
Forces:
Romans - 43,000
Carthaginians - 48,000

Casualties:
Romans - 2,500
Carthaginians- 40,000
begun under Emperor Vespasian in A.D. 72
grand opening under his son,Titus in A.D.80
completed by younger son, Domitian in A.D.82
(Flavian family)
Fall

of

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Full transcript