Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Carbon Compounds

A super long prezi with over 20 slides that took forever to make and we are still not done!!!!
by

Malia Takei

on 9 May 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Carbon Compounds

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS:
Compound with Carbon
Not all carbon compounds organic
Carbon dioxide not organic compound
Most compounds in living cells organic
Organic chemistry for organic compounds
To many organic compounds
Chapter 10 Lesson 2

CARBON COMPOUNDS
By: Malia, Zoe, and Avani

CARBON BONDS:
Carbon forms four types covalent bonds
With other elements
Forms different chain lengths and rings
Structure of compounds vary
Properties of compounds vary
Carbon forms triple & double bonds
Unique ability
CARBON COMPOUNDS
HYDROCARBONS:

Molecules Gone Wild
Hydrocarbon: molecules containing only carbon & hydrogen
Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon
Methane, ethane, propane, & butane simplest hydrocarbons
Single covalent bonds
NAMING HYDROCARBONS: (continued)
NAMING HYDROCARBONS
Structure of molecules= molecule name
3 main parts of word:
Root word, suffix, and prefix
Root word: how many carbon atoms in largest chain
Suffix: type of covalent bond
Prefix: describes carbon arrangements
Carbon bonds easily with other atoms
Forms long chains and complicated rings
Hard to name
Includes double and triple bonds
Saturated Hydrocarbon: compound with only single bonds
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon: compound with double or triple bonds

SUBSTITUTED HYDROCARBONS
Functional Group: group of atoms that replace hydrogen in organic compound
Substituted atoms
Organic compounds can contain other elements (besides hydrogen & carbon)
Elements that form chemical groups:
Oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, & sulfur
Functional groups

HYDROXYL GROUP:
Contains oxygen and hydrogen covalently bonded
Hydrocarbon changed with hydroxyl group is alcohol
Kills bacteria and potentially harmful organisms
Changes properties of original atoms
HYDROXYL GROUP: (continued)
CARBOXYL GROUP:
Functional group
substitutes hydrocarbons
Carboxylic acids in food
Aspirin is carboxylic acid
Some carboxylic acids have pheromones
Used by animals to communicate
Like ant trail
Hydrocarbons do not dissolve in water
After substitution, water soluble
If compound hydroxyl group:
Ends in -ol for alcohol
AMINO GROUP
SHAPES OF MOLECULES
Common functional group
Contains nitrogen atom and two hydrogen atom
nitrogen attached to carbon
Compounds that contain amino group are amines
several B vitamins are amines



Tetrahedral- (Methane) Pyramid shaped
Simple bonds form molecule
Planar- (Ethylene) Flat, triangularly arranged
Planar molecule
Linear- (Ethyne) Linear carbon compound
Linked triple bond; linear molecule
AMINO ACIDS
TEST TAKE AWAYS

Carbon forms basis of life
Carbon compounds with hydrogen
Hydrocarbons
Functional group replace 1+ hydrogen atoms in hydrocarbon
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ESSENTIAL FOR LIFE!
Amino acid: a member of an organic compound class
Basic building blocks of proteins
Contains both amino groups and carboxyl groups
Are both amines and carboxylic acids
Cells make 11 amino acids
Diet gathers other 9 amino acids
AMINO ACIDS AND PROTEINS
make up proteins
proteins make up living organisms & control all of functions
control cellular processes
contract muscle tissue
kill bacteria & viruses
Thanks for Listening!
<4 <4 <4

SHAPES OF MOLECULES:
TETRAHEDRAL:
PLANAR:
LINEAR:
Guys.. will b on later... -M.T.
Full transcript