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French Revolution II: The Crossroad of the French Revolution

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on 7 June 2015

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Transcript of French Revolution II: The Crossroad of the French Revolution

Review on the Revolution
Role-Play Discussion
Imagining you were one of the 3rd Estate French in Paris. Now you were reading newspaper and discussing the revolution in your own "debating club".
Presentation: what is next for the revolution?
1. Everybody: your occupation and the impact of the revolution on you.
"Reign of Terror" Sep. 1793-Jul. 1794
French Revolution II: The Crossroad of the French Revolution and the Terror
Causes of the Revolution
Old Regime and Feudalism
The First Clash
The Estate-General
The Explosion of the Revolution
Storming of the Bastille
The National Assembly during 1789-1792
The Abolish of Feudalism
The Influence of the Enlightenment
The Economical Troubles in 1780s
The Indecisive Leadership
The Establishment of the National Assembly
The Tennis Court Oath
The Great Fear in rural France
Women's March on Versailles
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The 1791 Constitution: A Limited Monarchy
Severe Circumstances from 1792 to 1793: Why was it a crossroad?
The Siege from Anti-French Coalition
Prussia and Austria pressed for Louis' Restoration, the war broke out in April 1792;
Internal Unrest and Rebellion
Royalist Rebellion in Vendee from 1793 to 1796;
The Legislative Assembly lost its control
The Radicals: Jacobin and Girondist were now taking the control;
The King is NO MORE
1792-1793: A Crossroad
In 1793, Britain, Holland and Spain all joined the coalition against France. France was severely besieged;
France took an extreme step to order a draft of all French citizens, expanding the army to the number of 800,000;
Over 100,000 army were deployed to quench the rebels, with over 150,000 civilians and soldiers losing their lives in the war;
The Second Constitution (1792): French First Republic.
The National Convention, The Committee of Public Safety
With the war going on, Louis was suspected of conspiring with the enemy;
"Louis must die, so that the republic could live."
Louis was tried for treason and put to death in Jan. 1793. There was no turning back for the revolution.
For instances: Soldier, lawyer, vendor, land owner, bread store owner, businessman, sailor, captain, colony slave, wife of local officer, teacher, college student, executioner, scholar, or a Chinese in Europe......
Firstly, pick your own role in the discussion:
You are welcomed to invent some other roles of your own.
What you need to do is to:
1. Read at least one news from the "debating club";
2. Decide what impact would the revolution have on you and your business, and how would you react to the news/events you read;
3. Discuss with your partner in the club: facing such severe circumstances, what measures should be taken to preserve the revolution?
Try to include the "news" and what we have studied to your reflections.
2. Group: what measures should be taken and what is next?
What Happened in History: "The Terror"
Jacobin, a radical party, control France from late 1792.
Robespierre "the Incorruptible", gained power from early 1793.
A radical era of the French Revolution
"Reign of Terror"
"Republic of Virtue"
"Enemies of the Revolution"
Guillotine, "the National Razor"
Sweeping changes to France's past and build up a morally united patriotic community;
French Republican Calendar
De-christianization: closed all the churches in France and outlawed Christian rituals, installed a cult of reasoning;
Fixed price for bread and other essential goods;
The Role of Committee of the Public Safety and the Law of Suspects;
Violence as the means for a higher political goal;
Huge Death Tolls:
16,594 executed by guillotine (2639 in Paris);
About 25,000 in summary execution across France;
The End of "the Terror"
July 28, 1794, some members of the National Convention launched a coup and put Robespierre to guillotine.
Creating a new government
A Third Constitution: 1795
radical
moderate
(upper middle-class)
National Convention
The Committee of Public Safety
Two House of Legislature
Directory
Central Institutions during the French Revolution: A Review
Full transcript