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PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

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Ivory Nice

on 26 February 2015

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Transcript of PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

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A profit-oriented organization.
In free enterprise economy, it is a management organization known for efficiency and effectiveness.
The government collaborated with private sectors.
The goods and services can be distributed efficiently and effectively with the least costs on the part of the government.
the digital government management (e-GOVERNMENT) is one of the many strategies done by the government to extend these services to the public as fast and as reliable as possible.

Despite of this innovation in management, the government, in general, should remain in control of the situation.
THE PRIVATE SECTOR
it refers to a part of the economy not controlled by the state.
it is managed and operated by varying individuals or business organizations which aims to gain profit in exchange of goods, use of utilities/amenities and other services they offer in the marketplace.
Chapter 7: Enhancing Good Government through Public Enterprise (Privatization) and Spatial Information Management (e-GOVERNMENT)
PRIVATE SECTOR VS. PUBLIC SECTOR
THE PRIVATE SECTOR
Privatization
An acceptable way in dealing with the private sector
A government policy of transferring the agencies, functions, or assets of government into the hands and control of the private sector.
It involves the sale or lease of government assets like real estates, telecommunications, public utilities, corporations, and the like to the private sector.
Thrusts and Mandates of Privatization
Public Enterprise Management/
Management of Innovations
It is a form of human activity operated and managed by e state government or any public authority.
An undertaking where the investment is owned and controlled by any government organization.
Privatization
It became an area of public administration in the 1980s.
Regulatory Functions
Contracting out services does not reduce the government's regulatory power.
The regulation measures should be amplified.
The government should set performance standards and monitoring evaluation.
Service availability
Modalities of Privatization
Contracting Out Services.
It is considered to be the most popular alternative service delivery agreement.
Private contractors provide the actual service
Invitation to Bid (ITB)
Request for Proposal (RFP)
Public-Private Collaboration
A cooperative agreement between a government and a private organization; they assume a mutual responsibility in operating a program or service. (ie. BOT or the Buil-Operate-Transfer)
Modalities of Privatization
Franchising
Franchise
It is the right of the government sector to grant a program or service on an exclusive basis to private individuals/groups in a particular area.
Non-Exclusive Franchise
It could be extended to some contractors to supply a competitive service
A contractor is being granted a garbage collection franchise by a local government for a particular duration and area.
Modalities of Privatization
Load or Asset Shedding
This happens when a government sells out a facility or equipment or when they want to discontinue the provision of a public service.
Volunteerism
A local government may hand down the provision of a service to volunteers.
Binondo Fire Brigade in China Town Manila
Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA)
"The use of volunteers is highest in the operation of culture and arts programs and museum operations."
Regulatory Agency
Roles of Public Administration
The most important non-departmental public bodies.
Acts as a buffer between the government and the regulated bodies reducing the excessive intervention.
Sets operation standards, limit business action, restrict property rights and affect incomes.
Promote and protect public interest.
Honest, and accurate translation of political leaders' decisions into more specifically desiged policies.
Flexibility in dealing with special cases at the point of delivery.
Flexibility should not be used arbitrarily.
Administrators must know more about their area or field.
Efficiency
Privatization in the Philippines: Some Issues
Privatization as an austerity measure through the reduction of government subsidies for public service only to ensure debt servicing.
Distributional equity
Privatization linked to job separation
The pricing or utility rates of a service being provided by the business sector (Monopoly Pricing)
Privatization leads to corruption
Privatization in the Philippines
First Wave of Privatization Plan
(Marcos and Aquino)
Second Wave of Privatization Plan
(Ramos)
Third Wave of Privatization Plan
(Erap and Gloria)
Government-Owned and Controlled Corporations
Ground Rule for GOCCs
GOCCs Technical Reforms/Programs
Improving Corporate Governance
Creation of Effective Oversight Body
Rationalization of GOCC's portfolio
Review of the Performance Evaluation System
Public-Private Enterprise
e-Government
e-Government is the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to improve the activities of public sector organizations.
The State promotes free enterprise.
It promotes industrialization recognizing the primary role of the private sector in economic development.
Private enterprise is assured of freedom and a favorable climate.
The role of the government to protect and and promote the public interest.
Towards e-Government
The Emergence of e-Government
New Government and Governance in the Era of Information and communication Technology
Nature and Thrust of e-Government
e-Government in the Philippines
Private Sector and e-Government
Public enterprises are parts of public organizations which are classified as Government-Owned and Controlled Corporations.
Privatization is defined as a major government policy for the disposition of acquired assets, corporations and GOCCs that are either too heavy to maintain or simply non-performing by the public sector.
Objectives:
Reduction of the state's involvement in the nation's economic activities.
Reduce the financial burden of the government.
Promote greater efficiency in government operations.
Raise funds from the sale of GOCCs and their assets.
GOCCs should perform and deliver.
They must perform well according to the purpose for which they are created, organized or bought.
GOCCs should not become difficult to the government to maintain and operate but rather perform with efficiency and effectiveness.
Three basic forms of government privatization
The sale of government assets such as a railroad to a corporation or public housing units to their tenants.
The private financing of public utilities such as toll highways
The private provisions of service like garbage collection
Information and Communication Technology
Public administrators have embraced this as part of their governing strategy
Two Phases of e-Government
Internal Phase
It refers to the operations of the government itself.
External Phase
It refers to the online services offered to citizens and businesses.
Importance of technology
Technology terms were introduced
e-Government
e-Commerce
geo-visualization
e-Finance
And so as other system information management
global positioning systems
remote sensing
From traditional way (utilization of government agencies by the public sector) to adaption of e-Government strategies.
Pushing information over the internet
Two way communication between the agencies and the citizen, a business or another government agency
Conducting transactions
Governance, online polling, voting, and campaigning.
e-Government in the Philippines
6th ranked in terms of readiness in Asia
laid down strategic programs and initiatives
tool of limitation of time, distance, and costs are reduced thereby enhancing citizens' access to government services.
contribute to citizen empowerment
Advantages:
Passing off the costs of design, development, maintenance, and risks to the implementing firm
The government can build an e-Government system with greatly reduced costs for start-up and ongoing operations
More services can be delivered on a fee for service basis, with the private partner being paid from the fee revenues.
Tool for moving certain government services
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