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The Flip Side

Psychology of Women presentation
by

Catherine Graham

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of The Flip Side

The Flip Side Traditional 1
9
5
0 A study was conducted in 1984 by
Bussey and Bandura that showed children
were more likely to behave according to older adults of the same sex Monkey See, Monkey Do Gender Stereotypes For Women -Bear Children
-Stay at home to look after children
-Cook for the family
-Clean the home
-Passive
-Gentle
-Kind
-Soft spoken
-Very little authority For Men -"Breadwinner"
-Supports Family Financially
-Strong
-Intelligent
-Hard Working
-"Manly Chores" (mowing lawn, fixes car etc.
-Spend time with family during "quality time" Second-wave Feminism In the 1970's, these stereotypes began to change as feminism entered the second wave. Women's lives were majorly altered by "...increasing employment and educational attainment, a decreasing emphasis on early marriage and parenthood, and the apparent acceptance of nontraditional or modern gender-role ideology." (Tallichet and Willits 1986) Studies have shown that although reversed gender roles are becoming more prominent in today's society, there is still some negativity surrounding this concept. Study One Study Two Second and fifth graders from traditional and nontraditional families were asked their opinions about the roles of mothers and fathers in relation to parenthood and working. Results showed that children were generally okay with the mother's choice to either work or stay at home. In contrast, children were not okay with fathers staying at home instead of working 117 students were asked to analyze different situations of parents who were either employed or gave up employment to stay home with a young child Results showed that the approval would be greatest for those who conformed to societal gender role expectations. Slow but Steady How do people respond to gender
role reversal when it comes to parenting? Method Parenthood (2010-present day) Parenthood follows the Braverman family through the endurances of parenthood and the lives of their children. Daddy Day Care (2003) Charlie Hilton is a working father who loses
his job, as does his friend Phil. The two decide
to temporarily become stay at home fathers and run a daycare while their wives become the breadwinners. Mr. Mom (1983) Jack and Caroline are a traditional family;
Jack loses his job and Caroline enters the workforce, while he struggles with his new role as a stay at home dad. In Comparison... Leave it to Beaver (1957-1963) June and Ward Cleaver raise their sons Theodore "The Beaver" and Wally in traditional family. The show follows the boys adventures around home, school and their suburban neighborhood. 7th Heaven (1996-2007) Annie and Eric Camden raise and guide their 7 children through their day-to-day life in their traditional parenting roles; Eric is a Reverend within the community, and Annie stays at home with their children Observations This is what we found... External Positive and Negative Perceptions
in regards to reverse gender roles in relation to parenting Number of
positive and
negative perceptions Film Titles (Media Used) In comparison... External Positive and Negative Perceptions
in regards to traditional gender roles in relation to parenting Number of positive and
negative perceptions Film Titles (Media Used) Discussion So, how did our research
answer our question? And how did our research
literature support our data? Limitations 1. Our study was quite limited 2. There is no current television
show or movies to display
the traditional family 3. We only watched a few episodes rather
than watching the series as a whole Strengths 1. Our media has a wide time span 2. Each source was relevant to our research question Future Research 1. Expand research to all television shows
and movies released worldwide from the 1950s to current day 2. Analyze and observe all other
media sources (magazines, ads, newspaper, etc.) Conclusion Although society is developing towards accepting reverse gender roles through parenting, it is evident through our study and observation that there is still a negative stigma based on traditional stereotypes. The Our method of observation included watching movies and television shows that revolved around the reversed gender roles of the parents. The Specifics... While watching our selected movies and television shows we specifically observed and tallied the positive and negative perceptions of others concerning mothers away at work and fathers at home with the children. These results were gathered by comments and actions made by others. Random Mom: "Can't men do everything women can do?"
Random Dad: "No, we can't. It's unnatural." "You're doing it wrong." This line is used repeatedly throughout the movie by his children and other mothers, concerning Jack's new role as a stay at home dad Other men make fun of the stay at home father, such as calling him a "unic" - which is a man without testicles - or trying to dumb down simple business and financial concepts when speaking to him. The mother is almost always in her apron, always serving or preparing a meal. The father and children expect this of her everyday; when the boys come home from school, they ask for a snack rather than make it themselves. Ruthie, the youngest child asked dad to ask mom to cook something and he replies that he will and the daughter states he cannot cook as well as mom (not his primary role as a parent) Bussey,K., & Bandur A.(1994). Influence of Gender Constancy and Social Power on Sex-Linked Modeling, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 12-1302 Eagy, A., Steffen, V. (1984). Gender Sterotypes Stem from the Distribution of Women and Men Into Social Roles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 735-754 Riggs, J. (1997). Mandates for Mothers and Fathers: Perceptions of Breadwinners and Caregivers. Sex Roles, 37, 535-580. Willits, F.K, & Tallichet, S.E (1996). Gender-Role Attitude Change of Young Women: Influential Factors from a Panel Study. Social Psychology Quarterly, 49 (3), 219-227 1. Which do you believe is more beneficial to the child's upbringing - traditional or reversed parenting?

2. Do you think that there will always be the traditional family within our society? Why?

3. Do you think the negativity surrounding reversed gender roles, in relation to parenting, stems from the traditional stereotypical roles of men and women, or from elsewhere?
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