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Quotations and fun
Transcript of Quotations and fun
Citing a quote for the first time: Ex. (Wiesel 94).
Citing quote for the rest of the essay: Ex. (98).
Quotation marks always come in pairs. Quotations vs Paraphrasing What we know/prior knowledge Quotations must be identical to the source that you are using.
Ex. "We had transcended everything-death, fatigue, our natural needs. We were stronger than cold and hunger, stronger than the guns and the desire to die, doomed and rootless, nothing but numbers, we were the only men on earth" (Wiesel 87).
When paraphrasing, you put the source in your own words.
Ex: Wiesel expresses that the prisoners' strength allows them to survive the harsh circumstances (Wiesel 87). Direct vs. indirect quotations Direct quotations use someone else's exact wording
Ex: Hector says, "Grammar projects are the literary incarnations of Satan."
Indirect quotations involve rephrasing of someone else's words. You don't need quotation marks, but you still need to cite.
Ex: Hector believes that grammar projects are a form of torture. Using quotation marks along with commas and periods When to use commas:
to lead in to a quotation after an introductory phrase, dialogue tag, or a dependent clause.
Ex: The man said, "I will go to the beach."
Placement of commas and periods with quotation marks
Commas and periods go inside the quotation marks
Ex: "Grammar projects," according to Hector, "are the literary incarnations of Satan." Using quotation marks along with question and exclamation marks If the quoted material itself contains question or exclamation marks, then those marks go inside of the quotation mark.
Ex: I hate homework! --> "I hate homework!"
If you want to add a question or exclamation mark to the whole sentence in addition to the quoted material, then those marks go outside of the quotation mark.
Ex: Did he say "I hate homework!"? Using quotation marks with semicolons, colons, asterisks, and dashes Simply, all of them go outside of the quotation marks.
Ex: Hector enjoyed reading "Rime of the Ancient Mariner"; it is his new favorite poem. Paraphrasing Review: Citing direct quotes We know how to cite direct quotations from a book.
"That night, the soup tasted of corpses" (Wiesel 65).
You use the author's last name, and then you put the page number
However, there is no comma after the author's last name.
If you use a fragment of quoted material, you don't capitalize the first letter of the quoted material.
If you use the full material, you capitalize the first letter. Why we care. . . To make sure that we don't plagiarize.
To get better scores on essays.
To make sure that our message is clear.
Plagiarizing can result in missing school, and we don't want that. . . Misuse of quotation marks A common misuse of quotation marks is using quotation marks to try to highlight a word in a sentence
Using quotation marks indicates sarcasm.
Ex. I "love" homework.
If you are trying to promote and emphasize a specific detail about something don't use quotations
Ex: Spinach is a "great" way to eat healthy
This implies that spinach isn't a great way to eat healthy.
Instead, italicize or underline to emphasize a word Practice Add appropriate punctuation for the DIRECT QUOTE and explain WHY Don't plagiarize, the teacher said, and you will get a good grade.
Eat your vegetables, the mother said, or else you wont grow!
The boy said, I love grammar!
Did Evan say, Grammar is the best!?
No, said Hector, he said it was the worst! Answers "Don't plagiarize," the teacher said, "and you will get a good grade."
"Eat your vegetables," the mother said, "or else you wont grow!"
The boy said, "I love grammar!"
Did Evan say, "Grammar is the best!"?
"No," said Hector, "he said it was the worst!" Defn: A restatement of information that focuses on a single idea.
Another way to borrow information instead of quoting.
In order to cite when paraphrasing, cite it the same way you would a quote, with the author's last name and page number.
ex: (Smith 8)