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Copy of Bosnia-Herzegovina War

By Javier, Leroy and John
by

Mehmet Aslan

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Bosnia-Herzegovina War

1992-1995 BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WAR Dayton Accords Bosnian Deputy Prime Minister Hakijia Turajlic is killed while being escorted to the airport by Sebian Forces 1993-Bosnian War A mortar bomb explodes in a main market square in Sarajevo killing 68 people. This shocked the world because this act was meant to stop the siege in Sarajevo 1994- Bosnian War The UN safe zone of Srebrenica is overrun by Bosnian Serbs under General Ratko Mladic. Thousands of Bosnian men and boy are separated from their families and massacred 1995- Bosnian War LEADING UP TO THEWAR The 5 W's Who: Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats What: Break up of Yugoslavia, Serbians and Croatians living in Bosnia wanted to annex the land for there own countries. Radovan Karadzic created an army with help from Milosevic who both wanted to take over Bosnia in order to give Serbia more land. This army was used to kill people who weren't Serbians. 100,000 people were killed and 80% were Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks). This was considered one of the worst acts of genocide since the Nazi's murdering of over 6 million jews. When: March 1, 1992- December 14, 1995 Why: Bosnian Croats wanted Bosnia-Herzegovina to gain independence. Radovan Karadzic created an army which was supported by Slobodan Milosevic in order to give Serbia more land by taking over Bosnia Where: Bosnia-Herzegovina The main reason this war started was because the Serbs and Croats wanted to annex Bosnian territory for Serbia and Croatia. The Bosnian Croats and Muslims feared that Milosevic would take their land if they were under Yugoslavian control so they called for Bosnian Independence. Alija Izetbegovic wanted recognition of Bosnian Independence from EU (European Union), but they said that recognition would require to hold a referendum. On Feb 1992 Izetbegovic holds a referendum vote where Croats and Muslims vote for independence, so Serbian leaders tell there people to boycott votes. So Izetbegovic responds by saying "It takes two sides to start a war, and we will not fight". On March 1992, Serbian militia appear heavy armed with the help of the Yugoslavian National Army and start roadblocks. Then on April 1992 Izetbegovic declares Bosnian Independence and Serbs begin attacks on Bosnia. War erupts. Alija Izetbegovic Slobodan Milosevic Siege on Sarajevo On April 6, 1992 siege on Sarajevo began Most of Northern Bosnia fell to the Serbs in the first month of the war Across Northern Bosnia Serbs were "ethnic cleansing" which drove out Croats and Muslims which opened up opportunities for housing up for Serbs Bosnia's second largest city Banja Luka fell to the Serbs in the first month and 16 mosques and 11 Catholic churches were destroyed as well The government building in Sarajevo catches fire after being hit by a tank fire As tensions rise conflict erupts between Muslims and Croats as the two sides begin fighting over parts of Bosnia which had not yet been taken over by the Serbs, this was about 30% of their original territory. This resulted in the destruction of much of The Old Bridge at Mostar This conflict is complex. Muslims and Serbs form an alliance against the Croats in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Rival Muslim forces fight against each other in North-West Bosnia, while Serbs and Croats fight against Muslims in central Bosnia. This results in the UN declaring six safe zones in Bosnia: Sarajevo, Tuzla, Zepa, Gorazde, Bihac and Srebrenica For the first time in its 45 year history, NATO war planes attack the Serbs. This was the first time NATO intervened since the war began Bosnian Muslims and Croats sign peace accords that were drawn up by the US NATO forces launched a series of of air strikes against the Serbs. In the first attack more than 60 aircrafts attacked around Bosnia. This was the first large scale military action taken by NATO Ratko Mladic In November of 1995, Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia sent top government officials to Dayton Ohio. On November 21, 1995: Presidents of Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia agree to a comprehensive peace agreement known as the Dayton Accords Signed in Paris, France by the presidents of Serbia, Craotia and Bosnia and this brought peace to the Balkan area after almost 4 years of fighting. This peace agreement ended the war between Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia The Dayton Accord comprised of 11 annexes, some military aspects, regional stabilization, cease fire, human rights and the constitution of Bosnia-Herzegovina Canada's Involvement Canada and other countries deployed a large peacekeeping mission by the UN known as the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in order support peace efforts in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The role that Canada played in this war was unique because the Canadian Forces members were trained for war and for peace As well the Canadians were responsible to protect the so called "safe zones", which proved to be very dangerous since most of these places were under siege THE END
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